Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Norway
        • Governmental regulation
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries - NO Governmental Regulation 2005.
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In addition to the requirements in EU Regulation 2092/91 the conventional cultivation of rape or turnip rape in the flight/collection area should not represent more than 5% of the arable land within a radius of 3 km of the bee hive.
EU 2092/91 does not specify maximum percentage limits of special cultivars/crops in relation to the total arable land area. Rape or turnip rape can be contaminated with GMO. The standard setting body wishes to minimalize the risk of contamination.
Greenhouse production, fertilizer, origin - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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In general, only top dressings of organic origin can be used. If such fertilizing substances are not available, or the compilation or quality is not satisfactory, it is permitted to use fertilization substances which comply with EU Regulation 2092/91.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. The requirements to the origin of top dressings should be defined.
Greenhouse production, CO2 - NO Governmental regulation 2005
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The supply of CO2 is allowed, provided the gas is a sideproduct of other production (e.g. gas powered heaters).
EU regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. The use of CO2 should be limited as a sideproduct from other inputs for ecological reasons.
Greenhouse production, contamination, reducing - Norwegian Governmental Regulation 2005
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Organic greenhouse production shall take place in houses or departments which are completely separate from conventional production. The Norwegian Food Safety Authority can give approval for the cultivation of different varieties, organic and conventional in the same house or department, if, in the conventional production no non-permitted substances can come into contact with the organic production.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area.
Greenhouse production, conversion - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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There is a two year conversion period before sowing or planting for soil beds which previously have been used for conventional cultivation.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area, the conversion time is defined similarly to the EU Regulation. EU 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area.
Greenhouse production, conversion, growth medium - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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There no conversion period for soil beds when there has been a complete change of conventional soil and the new soil and fertilizer is organic.
EEC 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. EEC 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. Soil beds with organic soil should not demand any conversion time.
Greenhouse production, fertilization - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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The upper limit of 170 kg total nitrogen per haa and year does not apply to greenhouse production where this takes place in pots and tubs.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. In pot and tub production the limit of 170 kg total nitrogen is too low for the needs of the plants.
Greenhouse production, fertilizer, origin - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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When fertilizing soil beds and tubs where the growth medium is not changed before sowing or planting, 50% of the total nitrogen should come from organic production. The additional part of the total nitrogen must comply with EU Regulation 2092/91.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as a specific area. EU regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. The requirements to the origin of fertilizers should be defined.
Greenhouse production, growth medium/substrate - NO Govermental Regulation 2005
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When mixing new growth medium to the soil beds, tubs, pots and benches a minimum of 50% of the total nitrogen shall come from organic production. Additional ingredients and nutritional content must comply with the EU Regulation 2092/91. Organic soil can be used, and the nutritional content of the soil can be included as organic.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. There is a need to specify conditions for the origin of nutritional content when adding growth medium in soil beds, tubs, pots and benches.
Greenhouse production, heating - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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Artificial heating in greenhous production is allowed.
EU regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. The possibility of heating is a condition for greenhouse production in Norway.
Greenhouse production, lighting - NO Governmental regulation 2005
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Production shall be based on natural lighting. The exclusive use of artificial light is only permitted during limited periods of the growing period.
EU regulation does not cover green house production as specific area. The use of artificial light - however maybe necessary in periods - should be limited for ecological reasons.
Greenhouse production, plants, origin - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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If small plants are bought-in for further cultivation in greenhouse production, these shall also be produced in accordance with the national organic rules for growth medium and the nutrition.
EU regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area; there are no specific rules for the cultivation of small plants/seedlings. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. The whole chain of production must be organic, also when the production is based on bought-in small plants.
Greenhouse production, rotation/monoculture - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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Monoculture greenhouse production is only permitted when the recycling of organic material within the operation is ensured, thus requiring the use of undercropping, intercropping and crop rotation whenever possible.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production as specific area. There was a need to specifiy this area as the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover greenhouse production.
Greenhouse production, steam sterilisation - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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Thermal steam sterilisation of soil in a greenhouse requires approval from the Norwegian Food Safety Authority.
EU regulation 2092/91 does not cover green house production as specific area. Thermal sterilisation should be restricted for ecological reasons, and it is therefore required an approval from the authorities.
Livestock housing, flooring - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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The requirement that at least half of the indoor area for mammals should have solid floor, is not applicable to sheep. Lambs should have access to solid beds with a sufficient thermal qualities as defined by general Norwegian legislation.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex I B paragraph 8.3.5 requires at least half of the indoor area to be solid for all mammals. The impact of the requirement in 8.3.5 would be detrimental to organic sheep production in Norway. Meanwhile animal welfare of sheep is well provided on floors that are not solid.
Livestock housing, rearing, fattening - NO Governmnetal Regulation 2005
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Indoor fattening is only allowed for slaughter pigs, not for cattle and sheep.
The derogation Annex I B, paragraph 8.3.4 of the EU Regulation 2092/91 is only applicable to slaughter pigs. The Norwegion Governmental regulation does not allow indoor fattening for cattle and sheep as the EU Regulation does. Indoor fattening should be restricted for animal welfare considerations. There is no tradition for indoor fattening of cattle and sheep in Norway.
Livestock housing, rest periods, poultry - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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Poultry runs should have a rest period of a minimum 3 months between batches of poultry (ref. Annex IB, Paragraph 8.4.6)
The EU Regulation 2092/91 leaves the precise rest period for poultry runs between batches of poultry to be decided by member states, in Norway this is 3 months. The European Regulation leaves the precise rest period between batches for organic poultry runs to be decided by member states.
Livestock management, general requirements, rabbits - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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In addition to the general rules for animals there are special rules for rabbits / conversion period (10 weeks)/ outdoor access (as reg 2092) / use of pens or transportable grazing cages / possibility to conceal themselves / outdoor area shall mainly consist of soil with grass-vegetation / area must have a rest period of one year every second year / access to water obl. / maximum number of animals per hutch (25) / slaughter and angora in common bins, breeding animals can be kept in individual bins (and shall have nest boxes) / minimum area Angora (0,2 m2), fattening rabbits (0,3 m2), breeding rabbits (0,7 m2), floors (at least half shall be solid) / breeding (not more than 4 litters a year, young rabbits at least 5 weeks together with mother) / feeding young rabbits (at least 5 weeks with milk from rabbits) and others (min 60% roughage).
Governmental regulation is more detailed, since the EU 2092/91 does not have specific rules for rabbits. Because the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover legal rules for rabbits.
Milk for offsprings - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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Calves shall be able to suckle for at least 3 days after birth. During shorter suckling periods than 1 month, calves shall drink from a teat until they are 1 month old.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 is not as precise on this specific area. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not set minimum periods for calves allowing suckling mother milk. Stimulating the suck reflex for calves will ensure the milk is taken up the best way and is important for development.
Milk for offsprings, held-back milk - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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When milk which has been held back as a result of treatment with antibiotics or chemically-synthesised veterinary medicine, cannot be used as feed for organic animals before the fifth day following the treatment. Feeding milk which has been kept back after this period is considered as organic feed portion. From 1 month before slaughter, no animals must be fed with milk that has been held back.
EU Regulation 2092/91 has no details on this specific area, what has to be done with milk when animals have been treated with antibiotics The EU regulation 2092/91 has no details on this specific area, and farmers were asking for clarification.
Plant protection, copper - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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The use of copper substances as plant protection products is not allowed in organic production.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 permits copper preparates (with restrictions). Copper preparates are an environmental strain and the use should be restricted. There are no productions in Norway where the use of copper preparates is crucial.