Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Finland
        • Governmental regulation
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries - FI Governmenal Regulation on organic animal production 2000 Bee keeping may not take place within six kilometres of a sugar factory, dumping site, refuse burning facility or road trafficed more than 6000 vehicles per day. The standard is more precise in excluding possible sources of contamination. Above mentioned facilities are considered to bear contamination risks to organic beekeeping. The Member States may designate regions or areas where beekeeping complying with the EU Regulation 2091/91 is not practicable.
Livestock housing, area, poultry - FI Governmenal Regulation on organic animal production 2000 The minimum inside area for laying hens is one square meter for five hens. The EU Regulation 2092/91 allows six laying hens per one square meter. More area was required before the EU Regulation entered in to force in 2000. More area inside is preferable due to the long and cold winter period when it is necessary to keep the animals indoors.
Livestock management, physical operations/mutilations - FI Governmenal Regulation on organic animal production 2000 Castration of pigs is forbidden after the age of 7 days. This standard is more precise than the EU Regulation 2092/91. Some of the treatments (attaching elastic bands to the tails of sheep, tail-docking, cutting of teeth, trimming of beaks) mentioned in Annex I B 6.1.2 are not allowed according to the Finnish animal protection law (396/1996):
Livestock management, physical operations/mutilations - FI Governmenal Regulation on organic animal production 2000 Teeth grinding of male piglets is only allowed in the case of teat biting and until the age of 8 days. This standard is more precise than the EU Regulation 2092/91. Some of the treatments (attaching elastic bands to the tails of sheep, tail-docking, cutting of teeth, trimming of beaks) mentioned in Annex I B 6.1.2 are not allowed according to the Finnish animal protection law (396/1996.
Livestock management, physical operations/mutilations - FI Governmenal Regulation on organic animal production 2000 De-horning of calves is forbidden after the age of 8 weeks. This standard is more precise than the EU Regulation 2092/91. Some of the treatments (attaching elastic bands to the tails of sheep, tail-docking, cutting of teeth, trimming of beaks) mentioned in Annex I B 6.1.2 are not allowed according to the Finnish animal protection law (396/1996.
Livestock physical operations/mutilations - FI Governmental Regulation on organic animal production 2000
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Castration of pigs is forbidden after the age of 7 days. Furthermore some mutilations; attaching elastic bands to the tails of sheep, tail-docking, cutting of teeth, trimming of beaks) mentioned in Annex I B 6.1.2 are not allowed according to the Finnish animal protection law.
The Finnish Guidelines are more precise as they list the physical operations/mutilations, which are not allowed whereas the EU Regulation in Article 6.1.2. allow operations such as attaching elastic bands to the tails of sheep, tail-docking, cutting of teeth, trimming of beaks and dehorning if they are not be carried out systematically in organic farming. Some of these operations may, however, be authorised by the inspection authority or body, for reasons of safety (for example dehorning in young animals) or if they are intended to improve the health, welfare or hygiene of the livestock. Some of the treatments (attaching elastic bands to the tails of sheep, tail-docking, cutting of teeth, trimming of beaks) are not allowed according to the Finnish animal protection law (396/1996)
Proceesing inputs, food colouring agents - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E170 Calcium carbonate is not allowed as a food colouring agent. So far the EU Regulation No. 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as unnecessary in the production of animal products.
Processing inputs, anti-coagulation agents - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E450 Potassiumdiphosphate is allowed but only as anti-coagulation agent at a maximal level of 1.5 g/kg as of P2O5 So far the EU Regulation Number 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as necessary in making of (partly traditional) animal products.
Processing inputs, cheese - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E500 Calcium chloride is allowed but its use is limited to cheese making. So far the EU Regulation Number 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as necessary in making of (partly traditional) cheese products.
Processing inputs, cheese - FI Governmental regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E160a (ii)Beta carothene is allowed but only for colouring the wax in cheese making. So far the EU Regulation No. 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as necessary in the making of traditional varieties of cheese such as Edam cheese.
Processing inputs, meat products - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 Additives E249 (potassium nitrate) and E250 (sodium nitrate) are permitted in meat products to a maximal level of 80 mg/kg of potassium nitrate. So far the EU Regulation Number 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products The product is regarded as necessary in making of (partly traditional) Finnish animal products. There is no sufficient experience nor tradition of making nitrate free organic meat products (such as sausages).