Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Germany
        • Naturland
Go back to overview Go to complete documents for this section
Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, cattle - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Cattle must be fed with fresh green fodder during the growing season. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.2.Feeding, 2.2 Cattle)
The NATURLAND requires cattle to be fed with fresh green fodder whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 requires roughage for herbivores and recommends pasture. To ensure animal feeding to be appropriate to the species and as natural as possible.
Animal fodder, origin - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
At least 50% of the feed must be produced on the farm itself or by a NATURLAND authorised cooperation partner. Exceptions are admissible for farms with a small number of animals (up to 10 DU). (NL standards on production, Part B.II.2.Feeding)
The NATURLAND standard is similar but slightly more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 requires that 50% of the diet must be home-grown feed for herbivores only. If this is not possible, the feed can be provided by another organic farm as a cooperation partner. All kind of animals shall be fed with home-grown organic feed, if possible. To ensure animal production to be directly linked to the land area and plant production.
Animal fodder, origin - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Purchased animal feed must come with preference from NATURLAND certified or equivalent sources. In case of non-availability the admissible percentages of feeding stuffs from conventional origin are 10% for ruminants and 15% for pigs and poultry, if the products are to be marketed with reference to organic production. Otherwise the corresponding percentages of the EU Regulation apply. Only those feeding stuffs listed in the corresponding annexes can be used. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.2.Feeding: 2.1 General requirements, 2.4. Pigs, 2.5. Poultry Appendix 3), 2.Feeding)
The NATURLAND standard contains further restrictions with a lower percentage of conventional feed components for pigs and poultry. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 pigs and poultry can be fed with up to 20% conventional feeding stuff (until 31.12.2005), if the requested organic feed components are not available. This appies to any livestock producer, regardless of the labelling of the product. The NATURLAND list of admissible feeding stuffs of conventional origin is less extensive and includes an indication of which feeding stuff can be used for which type of animal, (i.e. cereals and legume crops are excluded, fish is limited to the feeding of young poultry)) Feeding stuffs that are in general not available in organic quality, or that are considered as problematical (such as soy bean) are excluded from the list to ensure the innocuousness and organic quality throughout the entire production chain.
Aquaculture, general requirements - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The NATURLAND standards for organic aquaculture contain detailed provisions regarding the following aspects: 1. Selection of site, interaction with surrounding ecosystems 2. Species and origin of stock 3. Breeding, hatchery management 4. Design of holding systems, water quality, stocking density 5. Health and Hygiene 6. Oxygen Supply 7. Organic Fertilising 8. Feeding 9. Transport, Slaughtering and Processing 10. Smoking 11. Social aspects Moreover there are specific instructions concerning the production systems of carp (Cyprinus carpio), trout, salmon and other salmonids, mussels (Blue mussel Mytilus edulis and others), shrimps (Western White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei and others) and tropical freshwater fishes (Siamese catfish Pangasius sp., milkfish Chanos chanos, tilapia Oreochromis sp., arapaima Arapaima gigas et al.). (NL standards for organic aquaculture, 01/2005)
There is a detailed NATURLAND aquaculture standard. Aquaculture is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide specific rules for any significant type of agricultural / food production.
Beekeeping, feed - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
If necessary, the colonies can be fed. The winter feed should consist of at least 10% of honey from own production. In addition organic sugar can be fed. Adulteration of honey with remains of winter feed must be excluded. During the season only organic honey (with preference NATURLAND certified or equivalent) can be fed. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.4. Feeding)
The NATURLAND standard is similar to the EU Regulation 2092/91, but more precise by determining a certain percentage (at least 10%) of honey in the winter feed and by admitting only honey as feed in between the periods of nectar flow in one season. To provide healthy and natural feed to the bees while at the same time considering the economic needs of the beekeeper. To avoid adulteration of the honey to be harvested.
Beekeeping, harvesting pollen - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Care must be taken not to injure the bees when gathering pollen. The holes in the pollen comb should preferably be round. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.5.Beekeeping practice, breeding, increasing stocks)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed as the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate this aspect. To care for the well-being of the animal.
Beekeeping, hive treatment - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
For the external treatment of hives only natural substances are permitted. In case of acute infection, caustic soda can be used for disinfection. Combs can only be treated with acetic acids and BT preparations. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II: 2.1. Treatment of the hives 2.2. Cleaning and disinfection 3. Wax and honeycombs)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailled by allowing only natural substances for the external treatment of hives. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 all the substances listed in the annex II B can be used to protect hives, frames and combs. For disinfection all the products listed in annex II E can be used. To avoid contamination with harmful substances.
Beekeeping, natural combs - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The wax should be continuously renewed. The colonies should have opportunities to natural construction of honeycombs. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.3. Wax and honeycombs)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require nor recommend the construction of natural honeycombs or continuous wax renewal. Accumulation of residues in the wax should be avoided. The construction of honeycombs is a vital element of the natural behaviour of bees.
Beekeeping, origin of bees - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Only colonies and queens from certified organic origin (NATURLAND or equivalent, if available) and free from contamination with substances, prohibited by the NATURLAND standards, can be brought in. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.7. Brought-in bees)
The NATURLAND standard is similar but slightly more precise by requiring NATURLAND certified colonies (or equivalent) if available. To ensure NATURLAND quality throughout the whole production chain.
Beekeeping, origin of wax and conversion - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Any wax to be introduced into the colonies must preferentially come from NATURLAND certified beekeepers. In case of proven unavailability certified organic wax or residue free conventional wax generated from caps can be used. Plastic foundations are not allowed. During the conversion period, the wax has to be replaced by organic wax respectively wax free from residues. For the extraction of wax, the use of solvents, bleaches or other additives is not allowed. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.3. Wax and honeycombs)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed by requiring NATURLAND certified wax if available and by explicitly requiring an analysis to prove the innocuousness of conventional wax. Moreover the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not prohibit the use of plastic foundations. Harvesting and processing of wax are not regulated in detail. There is however the general requirement of careful and adequate extraction, processing and storage of beekeeping products (Annex IC.7.7). To avoid contamination with objectionable substances.
Beekeeping, repellent/calming synthetic chemicals - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The use of smoke should be reduced to a minimum. Smoke should be produced with preference from natural materials and chemical / synthetical repellents are not admitted. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.5.Beekeeping practice, breeding, increasing stocks)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate the materials used to produce smoke, and the prohibition of synthetic repellents is restricted to the act of harvesting honey. To avoid contamination with harmful substances and to minimize the disturbance of the bees.
Beekeeping, reproduction - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Natural methods for breeding and reproduction are to be preferred. For the propagation of colonies, the swarming instinct should be taken into account. Artificial insemination of queen bees for breeding purposes needs approval by NATURLAND. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.5.Beekeeping practice, breeding, increasing stocks)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate the propagation of colonies. Swarming instinct and artificial insemination are not mentioned. In order to use the natural disposition to reproduction for the propagation of colonies and make it more natural.
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries and labelling - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Contamination of bee products with objectionable substances to a degree, greater than what is to be expected from the general pollution of the environment has to be excluded by choosing an appropriate location for the apiaries. Contaminated products and honey varieties consisting of one single intensively farmed conventional crop cannot be marketed with reference to NATURLAND. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.1. Location of the colonies)
The NATURLAND standard is similar to the provisions of the EU Regulation 2092/91, however it is more precise in the aspect to exclude honey from intensively farmed conventional crops from being sold with reference to Naturland. This is to guarantee the innocuousness of the Naturland product. In Germany, rapeseed, which is a very attractive plant for bees and beekeepers is usually cultivated the intensive conventional way.
Beekeeping, veterinary treatment - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Colonies can only be treated with the substances listed below and the treatment is only permitted during the period after the last honey harvest until up to 6 weeks before nectar flow begins. For treatment against varroa mite and in accordance with EU Regulation: lactic acid, formic acid, acetic acid, oxalic acid, herbal teas, essential oils (e.g. thymol preparations: only during the period after the last honey harvest until up to 12 weeks before nectar flow begins. The duration of the application must not be longer than 8 weeks.), biological technical and physical methods (e.g. use of heat). (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.6. Health of the bees)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed, restricting the treatment to a certain period. To avoid contamination of bee products with objectionable substances like residues from veterinary treatment.
Biodiveristy, landscape - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Structuring elements of the landscape (i.e. hedges, borders, humid areas, oligotrophic grassland) must be preserved or recreated, if required. This applies especially to large cropping units. (NL standards on production, Part B.; I.5. Landscape management)
The NATURLAND standard is broader. This aspect is not regulated in the EU Regulation 2092/91. This aspect refers to the ecological principle of organic farming. Structuring elements in the landscape, providing habitats for animals (birds, insects, small mammals among others)and plants will increase biodiversity and contribute to a balanced ecosystem. Naturally preserved buffer zones in the neighbourhood of ecologically sensitive areas (such as rivers, lakes, etc.) will help to avoid disturbing impacts on these ecosystems.
Collection of wild plants - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Wild grown collected products that are to be marketed with reference to organic certification must not be contaminated. (NL standards on production, Part B.IX. Wild grown products 2)
The NATURLAND standard is more precise. In the EU Regulation 2092/91 no specific provisions for the exclusion of contamination of wild products are given and no regular analysis are required. This is to ensure the organic integrity of the product.
Conversion and labelling, animal products - DE Naturland Standards 2005 Animal products can only be marketed with reference to Naturland if the respective conversion period for the animal species has been complied with AND the farm has been in conversion for at least 12 months. (NL standards on production Part A.I.9. Labelling and marketing) The NATURLAND standard requires the farm to undertake at least a 12 month conversion period before marketing NATURLAND organic animal products, regardless of the (shorter) conversion period for certain animal products. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 these animal products (eggs, milk, pullets, pork, mutton and goat meat) can be marketed as organic after complying with the provisions of the regulation during at least the conversion periods of the animal species, which are identical to the specific periods mentioned by NATURLAND. A minimum conversion period of the farm (land) is not mentioned. This is required because of the stipulation to use animal feeding stuffs produced on the same farm in the diet.
Conversion period - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The conversion of a farm with all its farming units must be concluded at the latest five years after beginning the conversion period for the first of the units. (NL standards on production A.I.8.Approval)
The NATURLAND standard has additional requirements. There is no upward limit for the duration of the conversion period in the EU Regulation 2092/91. In order to make the whole farm conversion easier while considering the individual situation of a farm (i.e. economic viability, running contracts, crop rotation) it should not be necessary to convert the whole farm at once. However, as parallel production is not allowed, there must be a time limit in order to ensure the whole farm conversion and safeguard the integrity of the organic farm.
Conversion, grassland and labelling - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Grassland harvest can only be marketed with reference to NATURLAND, if it has been managed according the standards at least since 24 months before the beginning of the growing period. (NL standards on production Part A.I.9. Labelling and marketing).
The NATURLAND standard is more precise. The EU Regulation 2092/91 requires 24 months of full organic management before the harvest of organic grassland, without considering the growing period. The standard-setting body could not give a justification. A former version of the EU Regulation (2002) was determining for this provision. The NATURLAND provisions are being adapted to such changes in the EU Regulation.
Conversion, preconditions - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
If land area is likely to be contaminated with harmful substances, soil analyses must be realised prior to conversion to determine the actual contamination. Additional demands can be made with regard the conversion of contaminated area. (NL standards on production: Part A.I. Conditions to be fulfilled prior to the conclusion of a producer contract. Part B.III.Market gardening, 1.2-1.3.)
The NATURLAND standard is more precise by requiring soil testing where contamination can be expected (i.e. in intensively farmed greenhouses). In the EU Regulation 2092/91 there is just the general information that authorities can prolong the conversion period taking into account the former use of an area. This is to avoid the contamination of the organic crop with substances that have been applied before the beginning of the organic management.
Crop rotation, legumes - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The minimum share of legumes in the crop rotation is 20% (with exemptions). (NL standards on production, Part B.I. Plant production 7.)
In the EU Regulation 2092/91 legumes are required in the crop rotation as a measure to maintain and increase the soil fertility. A minimum share is not indicated like it is in Naturland The incorporation of legumes in the crop rotation is a vital element to ensure the long-term fertility of the soil.
Fertilizers, substrates - DE Naturland Standards 2005 The substances that can be used as fertilizers on NATURLAND farms are regulated by a positive list in the appendix 1 and by certain restrictions mentioned in the corresponding chapter (B I). Explicitly excluded from use are synthetic chemical nitrogen fertilizers, Chile saltpeter and urea, composted waste (other than green compost), faecal and sewage sludge, liquid and semi-liquid manure from conventional origin as well as conventional chicken manure. Conventional manure as well as any semi-liquid manure must be treated before application. Environmental pollution must be avoided. Mineral and trace element fertilizers that are not easily soluble (see appendix 1. 1.5) can be used after consulting an adviser and is related to the results of soil analyses, deficiency symptoms of the crop and the nutrient balance of the whole farm. Bought in fertilizers and soil conditioners can be applied if listed in the corresponding appendix 1 and the indicated conditions of use are complied with. (NL standards on production: Part B.I.Plant production, 1.Humus management and fertilization; Appendix 1.) The NATURLAND standard is similar but in some cases has additional restrictions than the EU Regulation 2092/91: conventional chicken manure, conventional liquid or semi-liquid manure, bone and blood meal as well as composted community household wastes are not allowed to be used. Fertilization shall primarily support the accumulation of humus complexes in the soil. As a consequence, highly concentrated and easily soluble nitrogen fertilisers are not acceptable. The risk of contamination with objectionable substances from conventional animal farming, community wastes etc. must be reduced.
Fertilizers, substrates, green manure - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Green manure has to be grown on areas that are not covered by a crop for more than 12 weeks during the vegetation period. (NL standards on production: Part B. III. Market gardening, 1.6 Part B. V. Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees 1.4)
The NATURLAND requires the growth of green manure on land which lies idle for more than 12 weeks. The EU Regulation 2092/91 more generally recommends the cultivation of green manure among other measures to maintain and increase the soil fertility. To keep the soil covered with vegetation is a vital instrument to maintain and increase the soil fertility.
Free range conditions, access, poultry - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Outdoor areas must be accessible for laying hens at all time of the year. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.1.5.1 Laying hens)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. The hens must have access to a (covered) outdoor climate area even in bad weather conditions. The EU Regulation 2092/91 requires an outdoor area to be accessible under suitable weather conditions and for at least one third of the hens lifetime. To ensure exposure to outdoor climate even in bad weather conditions and to help the animals to become robust.
Full farm conversion - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
A Naturland producer contract implies the obligation to convert and apply the standards on all areas of a farm, managed under the responsibility of one farm manager. (NL standards on production 2005: Part A.I.2.Producer contract)
The NATURLAND standard requires conversion of the whole farm whreas the EU Regulation 2092/91 allows the conversion of separated farm units. Whole farm conversion is required in order to reduce the danger of contamination or fraud and to safeguard organic integrity.
Green house production, heating - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Low energy consumption should be aimed for when heating greenhouses. (NL standards on production: Part B.III.Market gardening 5. Heating green- and foil houses PArt B.V. Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees 7. Heating, energy consumption)
The NATURLAND standards is broader. This aspect is not regulated in the EU Regulation 2092/91. This aspect refers to the holistic and ecological principle of organic farming.
Greenhouse production, lighting, ornamental plants - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Assimilation lighting is only permitted in seedling nurseries. (NL standards on production, Part B.V.Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees, 7.2.Assimilation lighting)
The NATURLAND standard has a broader scope. This aspect is not regulated in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Restricting assimilation lighting saves energy.
Honey, processing and storage - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The heating of honey to more than 38°C and filtering under pressure is not allowed. Honey should be stored in a cool, dark and dry place. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.8: 2 Extraction of honey 3 Storage and conservation)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate in detail the processing of animal products. However it contains a general requirement of careful and adequate extraction, processing and storage of beekeeping products (Annex IC.7.7.) To ensure NATURLAND honey to be a high quality product.
Honey, quality - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
NATURLAND certified honey which is to be sold for consumption has to meet certain quality criteria for water content, HMF content and invertase index. ("In addition to the legal stipulations, the following criteria must be fulfilled: - water content, measured by the AOAC method, max. 18% (heather honey 21.5%) - HMF ( = Hydroxymethylfurfural)-content, measured according to Winkler, max. 10 mg/kg6 - invertase Index, min. 10 (Hadorn-/Gontarski unit). In the case of honey from acacia, lime trees and phacelia, min. 7 (analyses according to AOAC = Association of Official Agricultural Chemists"). Otherwise the honey can be sold for processing purposes. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.8.4 Measurable quality of the honey)
The NATURLAND standard rules quality criteria for honey in detail. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate quality criteria for honey. This aspect is regulated by the legal provisions of the member states, and there it is identical for both organic and conventional produce. To ensure NATURLAND honey to be a high quality product.
Labelling claims, honey - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/unknown.png
On the label of NATURLAND certified honey it must be stated clearly, that the bees are not only visiting plants on organically farmed land, but that the definition of organic quality of honey is related to the beekeepers' method of working. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.9. Labelling)
The NATURLAND standard requires detailed labelling of honey. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 no specific indication on honey labels is required. To increase transparency for the consumer.
Labelling claims, products derived from the wild - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Organic products, that have been collected from wild areas, have to be labelled unambiguously as such. (NL standards on production, Part B.IX. Wild grown products 3.)
The NATURLAND standard is more precise. In the EU Regulation 2092/91 no specific labelling instructions for collected wild products are given. To increase transparency and give more information to the consumer.
Labelling of animal products, beef - DE Naturland Standards 2005 Organic beef can only be marketed with reference to NATURLAND, if the animal had been born on an organic farm. (NL standards on production Part A.I.9. Labelling and marketing) The NATURLAND standard has further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. Natureland standards require the cattle to be born on an organic farm. Whereas according to the EU Regulation beef from animals that were born on conventional farms can be marketed as organic after being managed organically for a 12-month conversion period. This is in order to avoid cases of BSE on organic farms.
Livestock housing, area, poultry - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The maximum stocking density in aviaries is dependent on the individual housing system and must be agreed with the NATURLAND adviser. In no case should more than 12 hens/m² ground area be kept. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.1.5.1. laying hens)
The NATURLAND standard is more differentiated. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 the stocking density is calculated on the base of the area, which is accessible to the animals, and there is no specific restriction for aviary systems. However, in the EU Regulation there is the general requirement to ensure the well-being of the animals and adapt the indoors stocking density to the situation (Annex I.B.8.8.2.) To ensure the well-being of the animals and provide detailed rules adapted to the specific production system.
Livestock housing, bedding material - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Straw used for animal bedding must come from organic farms. In the case of non-availability it must be purchased from low intensity cultivation systems. (NL standards on production, Part B.1. Animal husbandry 1.)
The NATURLAND standard contains further requirements. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require the bedding material to come from organic or low intensity sources. To avoid contamination with harmful substances. Most types of animals will eat part of the bedding material.
Livestock housing, cleaning - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Only the products listed in the corresponding appendix can be used for cleaning of equipment used in animal production. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.5.Shed hygiene and appendix 8)
The lists of admissible products are very similar. However on the NATURLAND list, formic acid and formaldehyde are not included. Exclusion of hazardous substances.
Livestock housing, rearing, calves - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Calves should be allowed to suckle from the mother cow and must not be kept tied up or in single boxes. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.1.2.3 Calves)
The NATURLAND standard contais further requirements. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not recommend the suckling of the calf and the keeping of calves in single boxes is prohibited only for calves older than 10 days. To enable the performance of natural behaviour and increase the well-being of the animals.
Livestock housing, rearing, poultry - Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Specific rules are described for pullet rearing, concerning the adaptation of the indoors stocking density in relation to the age / weight of the animals, the scratching area, illumination, perches and outdoor area. A dust bath is mandatory for pullets from the first week of life. A roofed outdoor area must be accessible from the tenth week of life. The contamination of the free range area with parasites or nutrients must be avoided. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.1.5.3.Pullets).
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not indicate specific instructions for rearing pullets at the moment. Consequently the general instructions concerning poultry housing apply. Specific rules are currently under development. To provide rules for any significant type of agricultural / food production.
Livestock management, electrical conditioning devices - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Electrical devices to condition cows are prohibited. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.1.2.1. Dairy farming)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailled. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not mention the prohibition of electrical devices. To enable natural behaviour and increase the well-being of the animals.
Livestock management, general requirements, deer - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The NATURLAND rules for animals kept in reserves cover aspects such as the size of the herd, configuration of pasture areas (reserves), removal of antlers, feed and slaughter. (NL standards on production, Part B.II: 1.7 Game reserves 2.6 Fodder for reserve game 7. Transport and slaughtering)
The NATURLAND standard is more extensive. Husbandry of deer is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide strict rules for any significant type of agriculture / food production.
Livestock mangement, general requirements, rabbits - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The NATURLAND rules for rabbits cover aspects such as the size of the group, size and configuration of the run, outdoor access and feeding. (NL standards on production, Part B.II: 1.8 Rabbits 2.7 Rabbit fodder)
The NATURLAND standard is more extensive. Husbandry of rabbits is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide clear and detailed rules for any significant type of agriculture / food production.
Manure fertilizers, intensity - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The use of fertilizers is restricted. The total amount of fertilizers applied may in general not exceed the equivalent of 1.4 du/ha/year (112 kg N and 98 kg P2O5). In accordance with the NATURLAND extension services and related to the results of soil analyses and the specific demand of the crop, more than 110 kg N/ha and year can be applied in greenhouses. For perennials (including orchards), shrubs and christmas trees the limit is 90 kg N/ha/year. In viticulture only 150 kg/N/ha in three years is allowed, while in the latter the amount of one year may not exceed 70 kg N/ha. The amount of bought in fertilizers is limited with 0.5 DU/ha and year (40 kg N). (NL standards on production: Part B.I.Plant production, 1.Humus management and fertilization; Part B.III. Market gardening 1; Part B. V. Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees 1; Part B. Fruit cultivation 1; Part B. Viniculture and wine production 2; Part B. Permanent tropical plantations 1.)
The NL standard is very differentiated in limiting the amount of manure which can be applied for different types of crop production. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 the amount of fertilizer (animal manure) is limited to 170 kg N/ha/year without any explicit limit for the amount of commercial fertilizers bought in. Fertilization shall primarily support the accumulation of humus complexes in the soil. The amount of fertilizer is to assure the activity of the soil in the long run. Over-fertilization shaould be avoided. The organic production is directly linked to the natural conditions and production capacities of the site.
Manure fertilizers, stocking rate - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png /style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png
The maximum stocking density for a NATURLAND farm is calculated by the equivalent of 1,4 dung units (equivalent to 112 kg N/ha and 98 kg P2O5/ha). (NL standards on production, Part B.II. Livestock production and Appendix 4)
The NATURLAND standard is more restrictive. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 the maximum stocking rate is an equivalent of 170 kg N/ha (approx. 2.9 du/ha). To limit the input of nitrogen.
Mushroom production, substrate and inoculum - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Inoculums and substrate materials of NATURLAND or equivalent certification must be used. If these are not available, materials from other certified organic origin can be purchased after approval. The use of certain disinfection agents during the productive period is prohibited. The empty facilities can be cleaned and disinfected with the substances listed in the appendix 8. (NL standards on production, Part B.IV. Mushroom cultivation)
The provisions are more detailed than the EU Regulation 2092/91 and in some aspects shave additional requirements. The use of substrates is regulated in the corresponding annex of the EU Regulation where up to 25% of the substrate can consist of conventional animal manure if the components required are not available in organic quality. The use of inoculums and disinfection agents for mushroom production is not regulated in the EU Regulation. To ensure NATURLAND quality throughout the whole production chain, to avoid contamination with objectionable substances from conventional substrate material or from cleaning agents.
Naturland 2005: Natural ressources and ecosystems
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The management of the farm may not cause damages to the soil, the water and primary ecosystems. (NL standards on production: Part B.I.4. Tillage Part B.I.6. Soil and water conservation)
The NATURLAND standard is much broader. This aspect is not regulated in the EC reg. This aspect refers to the ecological principle of organic farming. A diverse and balanced ecosystem and the care of natural resources is an important element of organic farming.
Oeganic farmimg knowledge - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
NATURLAND operators are required to PROVE their organic farming knowledge and ability and take part in an introductionary seminar, organised by NATURLAND. (NL standards on production A.I.8.Approval)
NATURLAND Standards require operators to prove their organic farming knowledge and to take part in an introductary seminar, but the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require any proof of organic farming knowledge and ability of the farmer. This is to help farmers who want to convert and to avoid problems of approval caused by lack of knowledge or ability.
Origin of livestock, general requirements - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Animals must be purchased from NATURLAND certified or equivalent farms. Exceptions are possible. If animals from conventional farms are purchased, they have to pass the conversion period before animal products are marketed with reference to organic production. The purchase of young laying hens of conventional origin can only be admitted for small units with up to 100 laying hens. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.3.Purchased animals)
The NATURLAND standard is similar to EU Regulation 2092/91(derogations to bring in animals of conventional origin) but restrictions are more detailed regarding the purchasing of young conventional laying hens and by requiring a higher certification level of organic certification (NATURLAND or equivalent), if available. To aspire NATURLAND quality throughout the whole production chain.
Parallel production, GMOs - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The use of GMO and/or derivates is prohibited. This applies immediately to the whole farm, regardless of the certification status of single farm units. Accidental contamination with GMO of organic produce can lead to decertification. (NL standards on production, Part A.II.6. Non-employment of GMO and GMO derivatives)
The NATURLAND standard contains further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. The EU Regulation allows organic and conventional production at the same time in two separated production units of the same farm. The use of GMO in conventional unit is not prohibited by EU Regulation. NATURLAND standards prohibit GMO use on the whole farm. To avoid contamination with objectionable substances, ensure the organic integrity of Naturland products. Genetically modified organisms (GMO) and their derivates are incompatible with organic cultivation.
Peat - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The components that can be used in soil and substrate preparations are defined by the corresponding annexes. The use of synthetic substrate materials is prohibited. Peat can be used in substrates and may not exceed 80% of the mixture for seedlings and 50% of the mixture for potted plants (with exemptions). The cultivation of crops without using soil or substrate is not allowed. NL standards on production: Part B. III. Market gardening 2. Part B. V. Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees 2 Appendices 1,2 and 9)
The NATURLAND standard has additional requirments and restrictions than the EU Regulation 2092/91. The list of components, that can be used is more restricted, i.e. composted community household wastes (appendix 9) are excluded, as well as liquid or semi-liquid manure and chicken manure from conventional origin (appendix 1). In the EU Regulation there is no limit for the amount of peat to be used. Synthetic substrates are not regulated. The cultivation of crops without soil or substrate is not regulated. Protection of the natural peat deposits. The vital soil is an indispensable element of organic farming.
Plant material, origin, ornamental plants - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Seedlings have to be from own production or purchased from NATURLAND certified farms or equivalent. In case of proven non-availability they can be purchased from conventional sources. If the seedlings were vegetatively generated, the plants can be offered as a NATURLAND in conversion product. If the seedling was generatively obtained, the plant can be offered as a NATURLAND in conversion product after one year at the earliest. In both cases the plants can be fully certified NATURLAND products after two years. (NL standards on production, Part B.V. Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees, 3. Seedlings)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. There are no specific provisions for the production of ornamental plants in the EU Regulation 2092/91, consequently the general provisions for the use of plant propagation material apply. In case of unavailability of organic material and after approval untreated plant propagation material from conventional origin can be used and the plants can be sold as organic without any further conversion period. In order to ensure NATURLAND quality throughout the whole production chain, seedlings from NATURLAND farms should be used. Considering, however, the low stage of market development this is unlikely to be possible and there must be a possibility to use conventional material.
Plant processing, viticulture - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png /style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png
The NATURLAND standards regulate the production of wine: Processing procedures and additives, cleaning agents and disinfectants, packaging. The standard is applicable to the production of grape juice, wine, sparkling wine or spirits. It applies in addition to national regulations. (NL standards on production, Part VII. Viniculture and vine production, 5. Processing)
The production of wine is not yet regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide detailed rules for organic production of all important areas of food production.
Plant production, containers, ornamental plants - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Decomposable materials for planting pots are preferable. The use of PVC is not allowed. (NL standards on production, Part B.V.Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees, 5. Plant pots)
The NATURLAND standard has a broader broader. This aspect is not regulated in the EU Regulation 2092/91. This refers to the ecological principle of organic agriculture, where organic materials should be recycled.
Plant production, environment, ornamental plants - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Areas where potted plants are arrayed for storage and sale should not be sealed. (NL standards on production, Part B.V.Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees, 6. Sealing of the soil)
The NATURLAND standard has a broader scope. This aspect is not regulated in the EU Regulation 2092/91. This aspect refers to the ecological principle of organic agriculture. Wherever soil is sealed the natural water cycle is interrupted and disturbed.
Plant production, support stakes, orchards - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The use of tropical and subtropical timber for support stakes in orchards is prohibited. (NL standards on production, Part B.VI. Fruit cultivation 3.)
The NATURLAND standard has additional requirements with regards to the use of tropical timber, which is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. This refers to the holistic approach and the ecological principle of organic farming.
Plant protection, substances, weed control - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Preventive measures such as crop cultivation methods are to be applied in order to keep the crop healthy and reduce weeds to a tolerable level. The use of synthetic chemical substances for plant protection is prohibited. The allowed substances are listed in the appendix 2. For thermal weed reduction energy-saving methods have to be applied. (NL standards on production: Part B.I. Plant production 2. Part B.III. Market gardening 4)
The NATURLAND list of allowed substances is similar to the list of the EU Regulation 2092/91, but in some cases more detailed, i.e.: synthetic pyrethroids and metaldehyde are not allowed, copper can only be applied in lower quantities. Nothing is said about the use of energy for thermal weed control in the EU Regulation. The application of conventional crop protection agents is not compatible with organic agriculture. Contamination has to be avoided.
Production equipment, ecological impact - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
When purchasing means of production and equipment the ecological impact has to be considered. The use of rainforest timber is not allowed. Energy should be saved. (NL standards on production Part A.II.3. Purchase of means of production and equipment)
The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not explicitly refer to the ecological impact of means of production and equipment nor to the handling of energy whereas NATURLAND does. This requirement refers to the ecological principle of organic farming.
Social responsibity - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
All NATURLAND certified operations with 10 or more employees have to meet certain minimum requirements regarding the form and content of contracts with workers, equal treatment of workers, amount of wages and mode of payment, optional payment in terms of services or products, amount and distribution of working hours and social benefits. In any NATURLAND certified operation, the basic rights of the people who live and work there must be respected. At least the local or if those are less demanding, the international legal provisions (UN conventions on human rights / children's rights, ILO conventions), have to be complied with. Forced labour is prohibited, workers have the right to associate in order to lobby for their own interests, all workers must be equally treated and discrimination is not tolerated. Child labour is tolerated only under certain conditions considering the well-being of the child. The employer must assure the health and safety of the workers. (NL standards on production Part A. III.Social responsibility)
Aspects of social responsibility are not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. This chapter refers to the holistic approach of the NATURLAND standards and to the principle of fairness of organic agriculture.
Soil management, perennial crops - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
In permanent cropping systems the soil must be covered with vegetation (with exemptions). (NL standards on production: Part B. I.Plant production 1. Humus management and fertilization; Part B. VI. Fruit cultivation, 1. Humus management and fertilization; Part B. VII. Viniculture and wine production 1. Treatment of the soil)
The NATURLAND standard is more specific as there is no such requirement of soil cover in the EU Regulation 2092/91. To keep the soil covered with vegetation is a vital instrument to maintain and increase the soil fertility.
Sustainability, tropical plantations - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Sustainability in plantations with tropical crops has to be ensured by the creation of agroforestry systems with extended biodiversity and specific measures to avoid soil erosion. Organic wastes have to be recycled in the agricultural production system and effluents from the wet-processing of coffee have to be purified. (NL standards on production, Part B.VIII. Permanent tropical plantations: 3. Sustainability of the cultivation system 4. Special processing methods
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed than the EU Regulation 2092/91. The requirements to avoid erosion and enhance biodiversity are not explicitly mentioned within the EU Regulation. Specific requirements of organic tropical cultivation systems are not regulated. This refers to the ecological principle of organic farming. Tropical farming systems are of increased ecological vulnerability.
Transport of livestock, general requirements - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Animals must be handled carefully whilst loading and during transport. Drugs and tranquillisers are prohibited. The maximum transport time should not exceed four hours and a maximum transport distance of 200 km. Transport times longer than eight hours are not permitted. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.7.Transport and slaughtering)
The provisions are similar but NATURLAND is more restrictive by recommending a limit of 200 km and 4 hours duration for animal transport. However transport of 8 hours is possible. The EU Regulation 2092/91 refers to the legal provisions of the member states but there is a EU Directive regulating the conditions of "long journey" (= more than 8 hours)transport. Reducing stress and suffering for the animals.
Viticulture, general requirements - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png /style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png
In the NATURLAND standards for the production of wine the following aspects are regulated: Processing procedures and additives, cleaning agents and disinfectants and packaging. The standard is applicable to the production of grape juice, wine, sparkling wine or spirits. It applies in addition to national regulations. (NL standards on production, Part VII. Viniculture and vine production, 5. Processing)
The production of wine is not yet regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. All procedures and measures when processing grapes and producing juice, wine and sparkling wine have to be directed at the following aims: - manufacture of produce of superior quality - avoidance of procedures which intensively use raw materials and energy - sulphurous acid should be kept to a minimum - avoidance of all substances which are harmful to the environment and dangerous to the health in their production, use and disposal - processing and treatment of all organic residues resulting from production in such a way that they do not damage the environment. Marc, yeast and clarification dregs are to be recycled in the course of production as organic fertilizer. (NL standards on production, Part VII. Viniculture and vine production, 5. Processing)