Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Spain
        • Governmental regulation
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Livestock and animal products, traceability - SP CRAE MAPA/CAAE Standards 2001
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The Spanish organisations CRAE MAPA/CAAE 2001 have special traceability standards for animal and meat products. CRAE-MAPA and also CAAE Andalucia have specific organic standards, outlined in a 5 page document. They contain requirements in 7 areas: a) identification of the animals on the farm (6 articles); b) transport of slaughtered animals; c) identification of slaughtered animal pieces in the slaughter house (7 articles); d) the identification of slaughtered animal pieces in the slaughter house room for cutting animal in small parts. A specific register should contain the following data: (8.1) date of entrance of the animal to the slaughter house; 8.2) number or authentification code for the living animal; (8.3) origin of the animal, identified by the record number of cattle operation (nº operator); (8.4) number of transport identification accompanying animals; 8.5) date of slaughtering; (8.6) number of seal or seals of each animal parts obtained; (8.7) destination of each part of the animal (nº of registered operator, in/or another region or place and (if it is the case) names of the slaughter houses.
CRAE-MAPA and CAAE organic regulation is more detailed on traceability measures compared to the EU Regulation 2092/91. To reduce the risk of mistakes or fraud. Organic production and processing should be at the forefront of traceability issues.
Livestock management, general reqquirements, horses - SP CCPAE Catalunya 2002
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The CCPAE Catalunya Organic Standards for horse breeding has 5 pages (Article 11.06 of General CCPAE standards, pages 154-158). The main points of these Horse Standards are: origin of the animals, conversion period, management, suckling and breeding of foals; animal welfare, free ranch areas and facilities for breeding horses, animal feeding, animal health and animal identification.
There are no specific standards of organic horse breeding within the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide clear rules for any significant type of agricultural / food production.
Livestock management, general requirements, deer - SP CRAE Rules 2002
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Standards for marketing animals and animal products with the organic label, the animals should be bred in accordance with the general standards and principles of regulation (EU) 1804/1999 (individually for the herbivores mammals establishment - REWRITE TO AID UNDERSTANDING), regulated by the present practical standards. The document is split into 6 main points regulating the following aspects: a) conversion period; b) animal origin; c) animal feeding; d) animal management, including the maximal units per area; e) animal housing and f) animal transport . The 5 page documents approved by the Advisory Council for Organic Farming (CRAE), is in force and has been applied by all the semi-public Spanish Certification bodies in Spain since 09-05-2002
The CRAE-MAPA standard for deer is more extensive. Husbandry of deer is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91 To provide clear rules for any significant type of agricultural / food production.
Livestock mangement, general requirements, rabbits - SP CRAE-MAPA Rules 1999
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The organic rabbits standards approved by the old Spanish Council for the Organic Farming Regulation (CRAE) cover aspects such as the size of the grouping, conversion period, outdoor access and feeding and other issues to prevent diseases. This organic standards are being applied in all the regions in Spain.
The governmental CRAE-MAPA regulation includes standards for organic rabbit breeding. There are no such specific standards in the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide clear and detailed rules for any significant type of agriculture / food production.
Plant processing, viticulture - SP CCCPAE Cataluña standards and CPAEN Navarra standards 2001
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The CCPAE standards contains one article (17.12) for wine processing, permitting the use of ammonium sulphate (100 mg/l), tartaric acid (E 334) cristalizad from natural origin, maximal 1 g/litre for white wines and 0,5 g/litro for red wines. In those standards its also allowed to use anhidric sulphur (dióxide of Sulphur (E 220), Na metabisulphite (E 223) & Potasium metabisulphite (E 224) by 3 differents methods. The total quantity of SO2 in mg/litre allowed is 100, depending on the type of wine. Arabic gom (E 414) is allowed for the stabilization of the wine The organic standards for wine proceesing from the Council for Organic Production from Navarra (CPAEN), covering similar points as the CCPAE organic grape production and organic wine proceesing standards. The organic standards (28 pages) for wine production and organic wine processing from the Council for Organic Production from Navarra (CPAEN) is covering similar points as the CCPAE organic wine processing standards adding also some standards for viticulture production.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 has not regulated the processing of wine products yet. There are minor differences within CCPAE (see Cuaderno de Normas) and CPAEN organic wine processing Standards. Standards for processing of products that are not yet within the scope of the current EU Regulation, must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Rules for wine contribute to transparency and consumer trust.
Principles of organic agriculture - SP CRAE 2002
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The Regulatory Council for Organic Farming in the Canarian Island (CRAE) has defined organic principles including an Agroecology definition. The scientific fundaments of organic farming is the agroecology, an integrated science that takes care of the study of agriculture from a holistic perspective: considering not only the technical or agronomic aspect, but also other dimensions: 2.) the societal 3) economic and 4.) environmental one. The aims of the agroecology are: to achieve that the agrarian activity is sustainable (able to maintain indefinitely in the time and by its own means, with the minimum of external support), from anyone of the four considered points of view. It can be download from the webpage: in spanish
CRAE have further defined organic principles within the EU Regulation 2092/91. The text is defining the agroecology as a fundament of organic agriculture considering social aspects, not included in the EU Regulation. To include an holistic perspective in organic farming.
Processing, animal feedstuffs - SP CAAE Standards 2001
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Organic standards for processing animal feedstuffs of the Andalusian Committee for Organic Farming (CAAE), from 06/06/2001 (MO-RP-09), have specific requirements regarding ingredients and labelling. It should be indicated if the feedstuffs are made with 100 % organic feed ingredients or only 100 % organic in conversion ingredients. Standards regulate what must be written on the labels.
CAAE Standards for processing animal feedstuffs are specific, whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 is in this area more general. To ensure a better processing of organic animal feedstuffs.
Processing, general requirements - SP CCPAE Cataluña Rules 2003
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CCPAE (Cataluña) has a list of possible processes for each kind of food (milk, meat, vegetables). The CCAPE Cataluña has general organic standards revised on 17th January 2003, with 3 chapters devoted to organic food processing. It can be download in the webpage
CCPAE organic regulation specifies a list of possible processes for each kind of food, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. Processing has an effect on the nutritional quality and taste of the final product. Organic products should be unique in both of these aspects. Therefore only certain processes and methods should be allowed.
Processing, milk - SP CCPAE Cataluña Rules 2003
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The CCPAE general standards document contains 3 chapters (10, 16, 17) related to organic milk production and the processing of milk products. Chapter 10 is related to milking processes and conservation of milk on the farm. Chapter 16 covers standards for milk processing industries and chapter 17 is related to organic processing of milk based products. It can be downloaded from the CCPAE webpage in spanish and catalanish (
CCPAE has specific standards for organic milk processing while the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specify this area. To ensure a higher confidence in organic food and the quality of farming systems for milk products.