Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Czech Republic
        • PRO-BIO
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, origin - CZ PRO BIO Standards 2004 Livestock farming with the following numbers of animals must be supplied annually with at least 50 % feed from the own organic farm unit: poultry more than 1000, breeding sows more than 30, pigs for fattening more than 60 and horses with more than 10. Farms with numbers of animals less than those mentioned above are not limited. (PB Standards Part II, Chapter 3.1) PRO-BIO restricts the purchase of feed from other organic farms. EU Regulation 2092/92 Annex I/B 4 does allow the use of feed from other organic farms and its quantity is not limited by livestock numbers. The reason for this rule is to restrict animal husbandry without plant production in organic farming.
Animal fodder, poultry - CZ PRO BIO Standards 2004 A minimum of 10% of the daily corn-feed for laying hens must be given scattered on the ground. (PB Standards, Part II, Chapter 3.5) No similar paragraph is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. he ethology of scratchers/gallinaceans is a justification for this rule.
Contamination, preventing - CZ PRO-BIO Standards 2004 In case of new sites and land areas, it is necessary to consider previous use. If a pollution risk exists, soil and products have to be analysed. No similar paragraph is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. It is necessary to exclude previous contamination of natural background of new sites/farms.
Livestock management, physical operations/mutilations - CZ PRO-BIO Standards 2004 PRO-BIO Standards do not allow dehorning by cauterizing.(PB Standards: Sec. II, Chapter 3, Part 4) PRO-BIO Standards are more detailed as they prohibit a specific method. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specify the methods of dehorning. Annex I/B: 6.1.2. names only the reasons and conditions for such operations. Ethically non-acceptable methods may not be used in organic farming according PRO-BIO Standards.
Livestock management, rearing, calves - CZ PRO-BIO Standards 2004 Calves must stay with their mother for at least 24 hours after birth. (PB Standards Part II, Chapter 3. 5) No similar paragraph is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Ethically non-aceptable methods may not be used in organic farming according PRO-BIO Standards.
Livestock management, tethering, age restrictions - CZ PRO-BIO 2004 Livestock must be older than one year before tethering is permitted. (PB Standards Sec. II, Chapter 3, Part 3.2) Keeping livestock tethered in organic farming is generally forbidden by EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex I/B: 6.1.4, 6.1.5., 6.1.6 quoted exceptions are not limited by livestockĀ“s age. PRO-BIO does not allow exceptions for livestock younger than one year. Ethical non-aceptable methods may not be used in organic farming according to PRO-BIO Standards.
Livestock management, tethering, methods - CZ PRO-BIO 2004 PRO-BIO Standards lists methods which cannot be used (throat frames, stretch chains, belts) for animal tethering. (PB Standards Sec. II, Chap. 3, Part 3.3) EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex I/B (6) does not specify methods, which can or cannot be used to tether the livestock. PRO-BIO is more detailed as it specifies the methods which are permitted. Ethically non-aceptable methods may not be used in organic farming according to PRO-BIO Standards.
Manure fertilizers, intensity - CZ PRO-BIO The basis of good fertilization is using on farm manure and its proper application. Standards allow the purchase 50 kg N/ha/year. The whole total amount of organic fertilizers is 110 kg N/ha/year, and for perennial crops 90 kg N/ha/year. Pro-Bio Standards are more detailed than the EU Regulation 2092/91, Annex I /B 7, where the use of farmyard manure may not be higher than 170 kg N/ha/year. Closed nutrient cycling, environment protection. An effort to limit only plant production without animal husbandry at farms.
Manure fertilizers, slurry - CZ PRO-BIO Standards 2004 Slurry and poultry excrements from conventional farming are prohibited. EU Regulation 2092/91, Annex II/A permits the use of slurry and poultry excrement if it is sourced from extensive animal husbandry. Manure originating from ethically non-aceptable breeding/husbandry systems, may not be used in organic farming according PRO-BIO Standards.
Parallel production, crops - PRO BIO 2004 Parallel production of the same crops is only possible in farms with areas, newly integrated to the conversion period and only for the production areas of grasslands and perennial crops. Any parallel production of the same arable crop is prohibited. Parallel production in animal husbandry is not possible. According to PRO-BIO policy, only during the conversion period is there some exceptions for the possible parallel production of perennial crops and grassland. EU Regulation 2092/91 accepts the parallel production of different varieties of the same crop (if clearly distinguishable), if segregation is granted and inspection is performed in the conventional production unit of the operation. In order to maintain credibility of organic products parallel production is generally not allowed. The exception gives the possibility of inclusion of new areas to organic farming.
Plant protection, copper - CZ PRO-BIO 2004 Total dosage of copper is maximum 3 kg Cu (2+)/ha/year (metallic copper). If copper preparations are used, the copper soil content has to be analysed each 6th year. Copper application is restricted to lower quantities, and if applied the soil copper content has to be determined. EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex II/B IV admits 8 kg/ha of copper (till the end of 2005 and max 6 kg/ha of copper from 2006 onwards (with special rules for perennial crops). Copper is being accumulated in the soil: in order to promote soil fertility; any accumulation of heavy metals should be avoided - therefore copper applications are restricted. Standards require the use of preventive measures (crop rotation, crop cultivation, choice of varieties) too.
Soil management, irrigation - CZ PRO-BIO Standards 2004 Irrigation should not endanger water resources or the soil. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not deal with irrigation. Strong consideration of environmental impacts is a principle of organic production.