Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Czech Republic
        • KEZ o.p.s
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, synthetic vitamins - CZ KEZ Standards 2005 The use of synthetic vitamins is generally permitted, both for monogastric animals and for ruminants. (KEZ Standards, Part 2, 9.2). EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex II/D 1.2 allows the use of synthetic vitamins only for monogastric animals. The use of synthetic vitamins of types A, D and E for ruminants is allowed under limited conditions. KEZ Standards contain further requirements; they require recommendation from a veterinarian and permission of the certification body for their use in any case. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.
Aquaculture, fish production - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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Standards incorporate the farming of many different species in fresh, brackish and sea water. They deal with the following areas: the origin of the fish and aquatic animals, they forbid any modification including genetic modification. They require conservation of the water environment and the surrounding aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem, determine water quality, particularly the biological quality and protect from potential contamination or pollution of waters. (KEZ, Chapter: Fish and aquatic animals farming, 14.)
KEZ standards cover standards for fish and auatic animals farming. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not deal with fish and aquatic animal farming. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.
Biodiversity, landscape - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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KEZ requires a diversification within the agricultural area to preserve biodiversity and prohibits removing of natural ecosystems.
The requirements of minimal area in the natural state, suitable area for habitat and shelter for wild animals, conservation of biodiversity and natural ecosystems and biocorridors are a very specific requirements of KEZ Standards. No similar paragraphs are quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Ecologically diverse areas contribute to maintain genetic and biotic diversity and contributes to landscape attractiveness.
Collection of wild plants, buffer zones - CZ KEZ Standards 2005 Minimum distance (25 meter) from conventional area is required for collecting plants and their fruits in the wild . KEZ standards are more specific with regard to Annex I/A/4 than EU Regulation 2092/91. KEZ Standards require minimum distance from conventional used area and potential sources of pollution besides them. Minimum distance prevents the risk of contamination.
Conservation, soil and water - CZ KEZ Standards
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KEZ Standards define principles of environmental friendly farming in relation to the soil and water resources.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not deal with irrigation, salination of soils, rainwater recycling, monitoring of water consumption or stubble burning of vegetation. These paragraphs are completely in accordance with principles of environmental friendly management.
Contamination, preventing - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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Standards prescribe a number of specific preventive measures to prevent any contamination such as; buffer zones for prevention of contamination from parallel or conventional production, minimum distances from the land of the organic farm for using of chemicals for plant protection and mineral fertilizers, types of material for coverings, mulches, insect netting etc. and their disposal, cleaning of technical equipment and machinery simultaneously used in conventional agricultural systems and keeping of operation log book for them. See KEZ Standards Part II., Chapter General provisions..., Article 1.
CZ KEZ Standards require detailed measures to prevent contamination. No similar paragraphs are quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. KEZ Standards try to prevent any possible contamination of soil or crops.
Labelling claims, textile products - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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Textile fibres and products can be labelled with the indication "Coming from organic farming", packaging has to bear the KEZ logo with following text: IFOAM ACCREDITED. All inputs and processing aids must be specified on the label.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover textile fibre production or its labelling. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.
Milk for offsprings, lambs - CZ KEZ Standards 2005 Minimal weaning period (mother-milk-feeding) for lambs is 56 days. (KEZ Standards, Chapter rearing of livestock, 9.4) KEZ Standards require a longer weaning period than EU Regulation 2092/91. According to Annex I/B 4 the minimum period during when a lamb must be fed with natural (mother) milk is only 45 days. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.
Origin of livestock, replacements - CZ KEZ Standards 2005 The amount of animals of each livestock species brought in from a conventional farm unit to establish or replenish the herd or flock of the organic farm may be permitted up to a maximum of 10% of the average annual size of the basic herd/flock. (KEZ Standards, Part 2, 8.2) Based on the fourth derogation of EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex I/B 3.4 the percentages for each livestock species are defined . These percentages may be increased in special cases, up to 40 %, following the opinion and agreement of the inspection authority or body. Under KEZ standards there are no exceptions allowed; only 10% brought in animals in any case. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.
Parallel production, GMO - CZ KEZ Standards Complete exclusion of GMOs is required, not only in veterinary treatment but also in parallel conventional production. GMO's or their products may not be used in either part of the farm. The KEZ standards prohibit the use of GMOs in non-organic, split production, but the EU Regulation 2092/91 Article 6.1d) requieres only that genetically modified organisms and/or any product derived from such organisms must not be used, with the exception of veterinary medicinal products. EU Regulation does not deal with parallel conventional production and GMOs. Complete exclusion of GMOs and their products on the whole farm reduces the risk of contamination.
Soil management, steam sterilisation - CZ KEZ Standards 2005 Prior approval is called for thermal steam sterilisation of the soil (the applicant must prove that there is no other effective alternative). No similar paragraph concerning the thermal sterilisation is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Annex I/A/3 permits control of pests, diseases and weeds by a combination of the measures. Conditions of the use of thermal sterilisation are not discussed there. Nature conservation, protection of soil fauna and flora is the main reason for this restriction.
Textiles, processing - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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Standards require that; a detailed record of processing is kept (use of all raw materials, consumption of water, energy, waste waters, disposal of waste), a plan for reduction of negative impacts on the environment is produced, effective waste water treatment and further detailed requirements as set out in Annex 4. See KEZ Standards, Part IV, Article 28.and Annex 4.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover the area of fibre processing.
Textiles, raw materials - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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This article deals with requirements for textile raw materials: percentage of raw materials used for the production of a textile product labelled as organic, permits the retting in the field, allows the use of conventional fibres of different sort when organic are not available. Lists of prohibited synthetic fibres, origin of non-textile materials, rules for use of tensides and content of cadmium in non-textile materials. See KEZ Standards, Part IV., Article 29.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not deal with requirements for textile raw materials. KEZ Standards take into consideration all possible fields of organic agricultural production.
Transport of livestock, general requirements - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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The KEZ standards have detailed rules for animal transport. There are specified factors, which always have to be kept in mind: age, sex, behaviour of animals, environmental conditions (temperature, humidity), physiological requirements, duration of transport. It is preferable to transport carcasses rather than live animals. (KEZ Standards, Part 2, 12.1).
As EU Regulation 2092/91 (Annex I/B6.2) the KEZ makes an effort to prevent stress of transported animals; however KEZ is more detailed with regard to the prevention of it. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.