Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Italy
        • PrivateStandardName_A
Go back to overview Go to complete documents for this section
Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Collection of wild plants, buffer zones - Italian Organic Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
For harvest of wild and spontaneous growing products, the Italian Organic Standards (IOS) requires that collection areas shall be located at a distance of at least 100 m from conventionally run fields and 200 m from high-traffic roads. Regarding the the distance from other pollution sources, the inspection and certification body shall establish the minimum distance on a case-by-case basis.
Italian Organic Standards detail distances required between collection areas and pollution sources. Whereas, EU Regulation 2092/91 is less detailed on wild and spontaneous growing products. Harvesting of wild and spontaneous growing products such as mushrooms and medicinal herbs, are an important production in many Italian regions. As a consequence a set of more detailed rules are needed to avoid misinterpretation.
Contamination, reducing, processing units - Italian Organic Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
The Italian Organic Standards (IOS) for handling, processing, packaging and marketing of agri-food products define specific general requirements for the operators to follow. Particular attention is dedicated to avoiding cross-contamination between organic and conventional productions within the same processing unit.
The Italian Organic Standards (IOS) for handling, processing, packaging and marketing of agri-food products define specific general requirements for the operators to follow. EU Regulation 2092/91 has more general requirements for processing and packaging of organic products. Unlike crop and livestock production, mixed processing firms can be certified by the inspection body. Therefore it is important to put in place all possible measures to avoid cross-contamination between organic and conventional productions within the same processing unit.
Crop rotation - Italian Organic Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
The operator should adopt a rotation plan. The rotation should include crops belonging to different species, and should include at least an annual or perennial legume. The certification body may not authorize the growing of the same crop, in the same field, for more than two consecutive years (3 consecutive cycles for horticultural cultivations).
Compared with EU Regulation 2092/91 there are more detailed rules for crop rotation and specific requirements to avoid monoculture. Rotation is the base of soil fertility and therefore of organic agriculture. For this reason the IOS defines detailed guidelines for crop rotation.
Full farm conversion - Italian Organic Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
When the organic operator starts its conversion period, he has 3 years to have his whole farm certified. No parallel production is allowed after this period.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 accepts parallel production and mixed farms under certain restrictions. Parallel production is prohibited in order to avoid potential frauds and unintentional contaminations. However the gradual conversion of farm and productions within a three year conversion plan is allowed. The plan has to be accepted by the certification body.
Packaging material, general requirements - Italian Organic Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
The Italian Organic Standards (IOS) require operators to respect specific rules for packaging of organic products. Among these are; use of re-usable, re-cyclable and re-cycled and biodegradable materials where possible, avoiding contamination and the prohibition of preservatives and fumigants.
While the Italian Organic Standard has requirements on packing material, the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover packaging of organic food. The packaging of organic food should have a minimum impact on products and the environment; for this reason specific requirements are needed.
Plant cultivation, use of soil culture, use of artificial heat - Italian Organic Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
In Italian Organic Standards (IOS) soilless cultivation is prohibited, with the exception of seedlings for transplanting. Protected crops are allowed with detailed rules. Heating is allowed only for seedlings.
IOS Standards contain further details. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not address the issue of soilless cultivation (hydroponic), and protected cultivation is left to free interpretation. Soil-less cultivation opposes organic agriculture principles, since soil management is fundamental for this type of production. Moreover, protected crops are widely used in organic agriculture and need to be specifically ruled and defined, in order to guarantee healthy production and sustainable use of resources.
Processing and storage - Italian Organic Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
The Italian Organic Standard (IOS) defines clearly which procedures and methods are allowed for the processing and storage of organic products. Organic food should be produced by means of processing technologies and procedures based on biological, physical and mechanical methods and in a way which maintains the qualities of each ingredient and of the finished product. Specific rules are set for filtration techniques, clarification adjuvants, preservation procedures and storage conditions.
The Italian organic standard specifies a list of possible processes for each kind of food, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. There is a need for detailed rules for the processing and handling of organic products.
Processing, mixed production - Italian Organic Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
Specific conditions are required if the same unit handles and processes both organic and conventional products.
The Italian organic standard specifies precautions to be taken in parallel processing of organic and non organic food, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. There is a need for detailed rules for the processing and handling of organic food.
Social Justice - Italian Organic Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
The Italian Organic Standards (IOS) requires the organic operator to respect some social and labour principles within her/his relationship with any member of the team of the farm/firm.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not address social justice principles. In harmony with the IFOAM principles of fairness, the IOS requires the organic operator, to respect together with the environment the social justice principles of equal opportunities, working conditions, and absence of discrimination.