Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Poland
        • Ekoland
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, roughage requirement, ruminants - PL Ekoland Standards 2005 Daily ratio for all ruminants must comprise at least 60% of roughage (calculated on a dry matter basis). Calves must be offered roughage from the second week of their life.(4.4.4. - 4.4.5) The EU Regulation 2092/91 allows for animals in a dairy production reduction to 50% of roughage for 3 months in early lactation. The offer of roughage to calves is not required by the Regulation. All ruminants need roughage for a good digestion. The same goes for calves, for development of their stomach early access to roughage is necessary.
Biodiversity, landscape - PL Ekoland Standards 2005 Each farm must provide extensive areas for biodiversity protection; the minimum area devoted to these activities is 5% of total farm acreage. Grazing must be planned in a way which does not harm wild flora and fauna species. Burning out of old grasses and fallow land is forbidden.(1.1.) The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover this area. Organic farming should actively contribute to landscape and biodiversity protection. EKOLAND farmers found it important to keep 'green' image of the association.
Conservation, soil and water - PL Ekoland Standards 2005 Farmers should undertake activities to protect soils from degradation, e.g. compaction and erosion (including 'green fields' approach). They should minimise water use in production processes. (1.3.1. ? 1.3.3.) The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover the areas of water conservation and compaction of soils, while PL Ekoland has a paragraph on this topic. Soil and water are limited resources of vital importance to farming and the whole society and thus must be carefully used and protected.
Conservation, water, manure application - PL Ekoland 2005 The use of water should be minimised. Water should be protected from contamination. Careful storage of manures and application are one of the main priorities. The following minimum manure storage facilities are required: - minimum capacity for farm yard manure storage is 3m2 per Livestock Unit (not valid for farm with deep litter stables) - minimum capacity for liquid manure storage is 2m3 per Livestock Unit (not valid for farm with deep litter stables) - the maximum dose of manure must not exceed: 35 t of FYM per ha, 40 t of compost per ha, 30m3 of liquid manures per ha. The total dose of N applied on a farm must not exceed 170 kg per ha per year. - a derogation for the first two principles is available for farms in a difficult financial situation. This derogation expires on 25 October 2008 (1.3.4. ? 1.3.6.) The EU Regulation 2092/91 sets a limit for maximum N input only for farmyard manure (170 kg N/ha/year) and does not specify detailed storage rules and fertiliser doses for other commercial fertilisers. Water is a limited resource of vital importance to farming and the whole society and thus must be protected from contamination.
Crop rotation - PL Ekoland Standards 2005 To satisfy nitrogen needs of the farm at least a 20% share of legume crops (as a main crop) should be grown on arable land. Catch crops should be grown on at least 20% of arable land acreage. (3.2.4) The EU Regulation 2092/91 demands the cultivation of legumes, green manures or deep-rooting plants in an appropriate multi-annual rotation programme, but does not specify minimal shares as the PL Ecoland standards do. One of the basic methods of soil conservation is properly designed crop rotation system.
Full farm conversion - PL Ekoland Standards 2005 Conversion of the entire holding is required for the certification of any EKOLAND organic farm. EKOLAND standards require the whole farm to be converted, and not only the production unit, as defined in the EU Regulation 2092/91. The main reason is to keep the green image of the Association and to assure consumer trust.
Livestock housing, ventilation - PL Ekoland Standards 2005 Efficient ventilation of livestock buildings must meet the following limits of maximum acceptable harmful gasses concentration: NH3 0.001% H2S 0.001% CO2 0.2% Air humidity should be kept at the level of 60-75% and air movement inside buildings to 0.3m/s (during summer hot months up to 1.0m/s). (4.8.7) The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specify such limits. Animal welfare standards must be measurable, otherwise effective control is not possible.
Origin of livestock, general requirements - PL Ekoland Standards 2005 Non-organically reared piglets for meat production may be brought to organic farm, as soon as they are weaned, of a weight less than 25kg.(4.2. g) PL Ekoland Standards and EU Regulation 2092/91 differ on the weight limit for non-organically reared piglets brought onto organic farms. PL Ekoland Standards require piglets to weigh less than 25kg, whereas the weight limit under EU Regulation is 35kg. The main reason is to keep the green image of the Association and to insure consumers trust.