Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Slovenia
        • Governmental regulation
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Aquaculture, general requirements - SI Rules 2003
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In SI Rules 2003 standards for aquaculture exist (Art. 43 - 47). The standards regulate organic production of non-salmonide native fish species which is possible in ponds with controlled conditions. The standards describe the culture conditions, fish species and number, origin of fish, breeding and feeding, health protection.
SI Rules specify standards for aquaculture whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. To enable organic fish culture in Slovenia.
Collection of wild plants - SI Rules 2003
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SI Rules (Art. 16) have further requirements to the general provisions mentioned in the EU Regulation (Annex I A, 4); that the collection areas are accurately established, and inspection in accordance with these rules can be carried out in the designated areas. SI Rules also specify the authority to agree that the collection does not affect the stability of the natural habitat etc.; namely the Institute for Protection of Natural and Cultural heritage.
Provisions for the collection of plants in natural areas in SI Rules 2003 are more specific than in the EU Regulation 2092/91 regarding the identification and inspection of the area of collection and it is also specifying the authority to agree on harmlessness of the collection for natural habitat/species. Additional specifications should enable a better control of collection in natural areas and prevent damage to nature.
Conversion period, plant production - SI Rules 2003
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In SI Rules, the conversion period can be shortened under the condition that the operator of the agricultural holding can provide a guarantee that the production (unit) has already been subject to organic inspection system for a minimum of 1 year before (SI Rules 2003 Art. 12).
In principle the conversion period in plant production is regulated in the same way as in EU 2092/91, however it provides less possibilities for shortening the conversion period. No other possibility for shortening the conversion period as mentioned in the EU 2092/91 is foreseen. This relates to the situation in 1999 when the first state-approved organic inspection body started to operate. The provision allowed those farms that have been already participating in private organic inspection and certification schemes before 1999 to shorten the conversion period.
Conversion, livestock and animal products - SI Rules 2003
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SI Rules (Art. 13) state that the conversion period for land used in livestock production can be reduced, in the case that only livestock production on the agricultural holding is being converted; to one year for pastures, open air runs and exercise areas used by non-herbivore species, and to six months when the land concerned has been in compliance with the provisions of these Rules for at least two years prior, and when all other facilities are also in compliance with the requirements of the Rules (Art. 19.). Organic agricultural products or organic foodstuffs of animal origin must originate from animals that have been reared on an organic agricultural holding in accordance with these Rules for at least two months in the case of calves, and two thirds of their lifetime in the case of fish.
SI Rules 2003 (Art. 19) foresee the reduction of the conversion period under the same conditions as EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex I B (2.1.2.), but limits this to the case where only livestock part of the production unit is being converted. It also specifies the length of organic rearing for selling the products as organic in the case of calves and fish, whereas EU Regulation does not. SI Rules also do not mention any derogations related to a transitional period until 31.12.2003 as the EU Regulation does in Annex I B (2.2.1. and 2.2.2.). Regarding transition periods: SI Rules were amended in 2003 so the transitional period 31.12.2003 was not an issue.
Free range conditions, access - SI Rules 2003
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SI Rules state that for the assessment of animals' well-being, the animal needs index by Bartussek should be used (Art. 25). SI Rules require that bulls over 1 year have access to pasture, an open-air exercise area or an open-air run and that they are separated from the rest of the herd except for the purposes of natural insemination (Art. 21)
SI Rules 2003 foresee a use of animal needs index whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. Another additional requirement in SI Rules is the separation of bulls in free range areas, whereas EU Regulation does not specify this. The animal needs index by Bartussek has been used in the private standards before the national rules were published. They have proved to be an useful instrument for assessing the animal welfare conditions on individual units.
Manure fertilizers, export - SI Rules 2003
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SI Rules 2003 foresee a possibility of co-operation of an organic holding with other holdings in order to spread surplus manure. Further there are no specific demands related to the storage facilities for livestock manure in SI Rules.
SI Rules state that organic-production holdings may establish co-operation with other agricultural holdings with the intention of providing areas for the use of organic fertilizers, are more specific whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 only speaks about establishing such co-operation with the intention of spreading surplus manure from organic production (EU Regulation Annex I. B 7.). SI Rules do not describe the demands related to storage facilities for livestock manure as EU regulation does in Annex I. B 7.6.-7.7. Re storage facilities: The requirements for manure storage being identical to those in EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex I. B 7.6.-7.7. are in Slovenia a part of other national regulations.
Parallel production, livestock - SI Rules 2003
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Simultaneous non-organic extensive livestock is under certain restrictions accepted (compliance with good farming practices with regard to fertilisation, or different species of livestock, provided that they are not reared in an industrial method of production, or buildings and parcels are physically and functionally separated from buildings and parcels in which livestock are not reared in accordance with SI Rules). (Art. 18)
SI Rules 2003 (Art. 18) describe the technical requirements for simultanious organic/conventional livestock production and do not describe the principles as those listed in the EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex I B 1.1. ? 1.4. The other provisions regarding the conditions for not-organic livestock on the same holding are the same as in EU Regulation Annex I B (1.5. ? 1.8.). The authors of the SI Rules wanted to be very practical and focus on the technical provisions while leaving aside the explanation of organic livestock rearing principles.
Plant protection, general requirements - SI Rules 2003
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Plant protection requirements in SI Rules 2003 (Art. 15) are relatively detailed, e.g naming the priority actions for maintaining plant health, balanced nutrition and substrate treatment with steam in closed production areas. An annual production plan is required as the basis for the use of any plant protection substances from the Annex (List of allowed PPP) which needs an agreement from the inspection body.
SI Rules have further requiements to the EU Regulation 2092/91. Besides measures mentioned in the EU (Annex I A, 3), SI Rules also mention balanced nutrition of the plants and treatment of substrates with steam. In addition, the use of plant protection substances must take place in accordance with the annual production plan (Art. 15) that has to be approved by the inspection body, whereas EU Regulation does not mention such a plan. In addition, the general conditions for the use of substances in the traps and/or dispensers is also described here (Art. 15) and not in the Annex as in EU Regulation (Annex II. B. III.). The annual production plan, which has to be approved by the inspection body, is probably to increase the operator's attentiveness in this respect.