Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Preamble and principles
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Farm diversity - Demeter International 2005
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Demeter farms are required to integrate ruminants or equidae. Exemptions can be approved by the respective certifying organisation. In market gardens and in enterprises having solely perennial crops, the requirement to have their own animals is not obligatory if manures, compost, green manures, and preparation usage is particularly intensive. (DI production standards, 5.1. Requirement to have livestock DI production standards, Appendix 7, APP 4)
Demeter farms are not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91, and there is no requirement to have any type of livestock on an organic farm according to the EU Regulation. Animal husbandry, with the accompanying fodder production is an important part of the agricultural enterprise. With respect to the development of the enterprise, the farm organism cannot do without livestock. This applies to the ruminant in particular. The fodder plants and the well-balanced manure that comes into being because of cattle, contribute considerably through the enlivening of the soil, to the long term flourishing of a farm. The harmonious co-operation of mankind with the three kingdoms of nature can lead to a living, ensouled farm organism.
Principles of organic agriculture - SP CRAE 2002
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The Regulatory Council for Organic Farming in the Canarian Island (CRAE) has defined organic principles including an Agroecology definition. The scientific fundaments of organic farming is the agroecology, an integrated science that takes care of the study of agriculture from a holistic perspective: considering not only the technical or agronomic aspect, but also other dimensions: 2.) the societal 3) economic and 4.) environmental one. The aims of the agroecology are: to achieve that the agrarian activity is sustainable (able to maintain indefinitely in the time and by its own means, with the minimum of external support), from anyone of the four considered points of view. It can be download from the webpage: http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/agricultura/alimentacion/ecologica/manual.htm in spanish
CRAE have further defined organic principles within the EU Regulation 2092/91. The text is defining the agroecology as a fundament of organic agriculture considering social aspects, not included in the EU Regulation. To include an holistic perspective in organic farming.
Principles of organic agriculture - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
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The principles of organic farming are introduced and explained. Soil Association standards include a subsection dedicated to the principles of organic production. Here, it is explained that the organic approach applies to the whole system of farming and food production, and the text includes a comprehensive set of principles, which are divided into the four categories of Agricultural, Environmental, Food Processing and Social. Soil Association standards also include a subsection dedicated to further explanation of the principles of organic food processing. Here, they explain that organic foods are wholesome, authentic, unadulterated, and of high quality. These terms are defined, and additional principles are explained, such as environmental conservation at the processing site and environmental responsibility regarding packaging and transport. (Soil Association Organic Standards. Subsection 1.2.)
Soil Association standards contain sets of principles not included in EU Regulation 2092/91. EU Regulation includes some fragmented explanations of principles of organic farming and food production but not in a dedicated section and not so clear and complete. Organic principles show the values involved and the reasons why the standards have been written. This is to communicate to producers and processors what should be the basic aims of their involvement with organic food and farming. The categorisation of the principles of production show that they are based on practical considerations.
Principles of organic agriculture, sustainability - Nature et Progrès Standards 2002 The stakeholders in organic agriculture engage themselves to progress on environmental, social and economical aims. Nature et Progrès standards require that the stakeholders work to improve their practices on environmental, social and economical topics, but EU Regulation 2092/91 does not include such a preamble with such principles. Organic production is not only the respect of technical practices but also a global ecological approach of one's activity, including environnemental, social and economical aims such as preservation of wild and cultivated biodiversity, limitation of energy consumption, use of recyclable materials, promotion of fair trade and relationships, etc.
Principles of organic agriculture, understanding nature - Demeter International 2005
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People working in agriculture (farmers) should constantly strive after an understanding of the connections in nature using observation, thinking and perception. (DI production standards, 1.principles, paragraph 4)
DI standards contain recommendations regarding the attitude of organic farmers, but there is no mention of farmers attitudes or levels of understanding contained in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Biodynamic work requires that one is strongly connected with the essential nature of the Biodynamic method, its principles and aims. To this end it is necessary to live into the natural processes using observation, thinking and perception.