Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Scope - Art.1-3
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Horses and other equines - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
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Equine animals cannot be certified organic under UK Soil Association Standards. Soil Association standards explain that, although equines cannot be certified as organic within these standards, there are a set of recommendations and requirements for their management when they are kept on organic land. It is recommended that equines are included with other livestock in a clean grazing rotation and to feed them organic or approved feed. There are also further requirements if more than five equines are kept, relating to manure management, avermectin treatment, GMO feeds, health planning and pasture management planning. Equine manure management must be the same as for other non-organic manure. (Soil Association Organic Standards. Subsection 3.8.)
Soil Association standards do not allow certification of equines, unlike EU Regulation. EU Regulation allows equine animals to be certified organic, and include stocking rate figures for manure management when keeping equines on organic land. Equines are very rarely used for any type of production activity on UK farms, so standards to certify them or their products as organic would be redundant. They would probably also be considered offensive to most UK consumers. In this context, some rules are useful to ensure that their presence on organic farms does not compromise the ecological or organic integrity of the land, crops or other livestock.
Quality management systems - FI Luomuliitto Standards for "Leppäkerttu" quality label 2004 "The Ladybird-quality logo is owned and administrated by Luomuliitto. It is granted to farmers, food processors and farm input manufacturers producing organic products according to the quality standards of Luomuliitto. The standards are additional to the EU Regulation No. 2092/91 and consist of compulsory requirements and recommendations. The compulsory requirements include the membership of Luomuliitto and production based on quality management system (ISO9001 or equivalent). " EU Regulation No. 2092/91 does not address issues related to quality management systems. The former private, national certifier, Luomuliitto, wants to keep up with some of its own standards such as composting of the manure and domestic ingredients which requirements are regarded as important in the eyes of the Finnish consumers. Furthermore Luomuliitto wants to promote new progressive ideas such as combining the organic production and quality management.
Scope of organic regulation - US National Organic Program 2002
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US regulates cultivated crop, wild crop, livestock, livestock feed and handling (preparation and processing) operations. For labelling purposes US only regulates the term 'organic', not derivatives or diminutives. Exemptions: US exempts producers and handlers with less than $5000/year total organic sales from certification requirements, although they must comply with the regulation.
EU Regulation 2092/91 is only applied to unprocessed agricultural products, processed agricultural products and feedstuff. US, in addition applies the regulation to processed non-food products although there are no specific provisions or exemptions (e.g. additives for producing cosmetics or textiles) for non-food products. EU regulates the terms 'organic', 'biologic', and 'ecologic', including their translations, derivatives, and diminutives. US only regulate the term 'organic'. US exempt producers and handlers with less than $5000/year. EU does not. Retail operations are not required to be certified by US, but by EU (with some exemptions). US exempt handlers that process products containing less than 70% organic ingredients from certification. EU prohibits such operations from identifying 'organic' ingredients on the information panels of products. No justification was given
Selling produce, loose weight - SE KRAV 2006
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Selling produce in loose weight in shops and supermarkets can be done from a KRAV labelled box if the packaging or refilling date is clearly stated. Signs with the KRAV mark shall be placed close to the product panel (KRAV standards paragraph 2.13.14 and 2.3.15).
Sales of organic products in shops and supermarkets are not regulated by EU 2092/91. Many organic products are sold in loose weight and it is important that organic products can compete on equal conditions. There is a wish by consumers to reduce the amount of packaging material. It is not possible to request all shops and supermarkets to be certified for handling of organic products.
Standards, restaurants and industrial kitchens - SE KRAV 2006
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The standards for restaurants and industrial kitchens cover the whole or parts of the operations. Restaurants with á la carte menu need to have two approved main courses daily. On a lunch menu there shall at least be one approved course weekly. An approved dish shall have 100% KRAV certified ingredients, if organic ingredients are not available, a conventional ingredient can be used but at least 70% of the dish shall be organic. Only food additives and processing aids allowed by the KRAV standards can be used in a certified main course (includes additives and processing aids in conventional ingredients). Bread, salads, drinks, coffee, tea, ketchup etc shall also be possible to the extent possible. A certified buffet there must be a complete meal of KRAV certified products. A certified breakfast shall contain certified products in several of the type of food served for breakfast (bread, cheese, yoghurt, marmalade, breakfast cereals, fruits, vegetables, eggs etc). A certified café shall have KRAV certified coffee, tea, milk, sugar, fruit drinks, sandwiches, cakes and fruit if these products are served. There is also standards for handling of organic products so that no commingling with conventional products occur or contamination from cleaning. There are also standards for the labelling of dishes and statements about organic ingredients shall be made so consumers are sure which ingredients/ dishes are organic. (KRAV standards chapter 16).
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not have any specific standards for restaurants or industrial kitchens. More and more food is consumed outside of homes. There is an interest both by consumers and by restaurants and other industrial kitchens to eat or serve organic food. The KRAV standards are relatively open and are set with the argument to make it possible for several to start to serve organic food. Labelling has to be clear so that consumers are well informed. In the EU there are different interpretations in different Member States if restaurants are covered or not.