Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Definitions - Art.4
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Definitions - US National Organic Programme 2002
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NOP contains a detailled list of defined terms.
The NOP list of definitions is more detailed compared to EU Regulation 2092/91. NOP does not cover a definition of genetically modified organisms (GMO), however genetic engineering is covered under the definition for "excluded methods". The EU defines GMO's and GMO derivatives. The NOP definition of "excluded methods" does not address GMO derivatives. NOP re definitions of GMO's: "The emphasis and basis of these standards is on process, not product. We have specifically structured the provisions relating to excluded methods to refer to the use of methods. Including the products of excluded methods in the definition would not be consistent. With this approach to organic standards as a process-based system. For the same reason, we have retained the term, 'excluded methods', to reinforce that process-based approach. Further justifications for the definitions are described in the attached extract of the NOP "Entire Standards".
Livestock housing and free range conditions, stocking rate, ruminants - NL Skal Standards 2005
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he amount of space in a stable and minimum days on pasture for dairy sheep, goat and cows is defined. SKAL Rule Text: 2.3 article 4: dairy sheep need 1.5 m² per animal in a stable (indoor) and 2 m² when they have lambs. Goats need 1.8 m² per animal and 1 m² outdoor area
SKAL has set norms for the housing of dairy cattle, which require more space per animal than given by the EU Regulation 2092/91 annex VIII. (1.85 m² per sheep/goat with 1 lamb indoor). The amount of space needed per animal should be large enough.