Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Labelling and claims - Art.5
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Contamination, reducing, storage and transport - NL Skal Standards 2005
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All contact with forbidden products should be avoided. This means that it is not allowed to store or transport the organic product in storage places or trucks where products are being used / have been used that are not mentioned in annex VI part A.
SKAL interprets the rule in a way that all prevention methods should be taken to avoid any risk of contamination, whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not mention possible prevention methods. See EU Rule Text: Article 5 part 3 c), d) and part 5 d), e): The product contains no other products of non-agricultural origin, as mentioned in annex VI, part a" It seems easier to inspect the methods of storage and transport, than the contamination itself. Also because the contamination check can be too late (the product may be contaminated already).
Conversion and labelling, animal products - DE Naturland Standards 2005 Animal products can only be marketed with reference to Naturland if the respective conversion period for the animal species has been complied with AND the farm has been in conversion for at least 12 months. (NL standards on production Part A.I.9. Labelling and marketing) The NATURLAND standard requires the farm to undertake at least a 12 month conversion period before marketing NATURLAND organic animal products, regardless of the (shorter) conversion period for certain animal products. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 these animal products (eggs, milk, pullets, pork, mutton and goat meat) can be marketed as organic after complying with the provisions of the regulation during at least the conversion periods of the animal species, which are identical to the specific periods mentioned by NATURLAND. A minimum conversion period of the farm (land) is not mentioned. This is required because of the stipulation to use animal feeding stuffs produced on the same farm in the diet.
GMO-free declaration, non-organic inputs - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
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Producers must obtain a signed declaration form from suppliers of non-organic inputs to verify that these do not contain any GMO derivatives. Soil Association may require further proof in the form of genetic analysis, paid for by the producer. Mixed or compound concentrate feeds must be certified by an organic certification body, even if they contain only non-organic ingredients, to prove they are non-GMO. (Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 3.6.5.)
Soil Association Standards require that suppliers of non-organic inputs to organic producers or processors must sign a declaration to state that these inputs contain no GMOs or their derivatives. Although EU Regulation 2092/91 prohibits the use of GMO derived inputs, there is no requirement for this supplier declaration. Soil Association standards are intended to ensure verifiable compliance with requirements to use only non-GMO materials. Genetic modification is an unproven technology and may have unpredictable effects.
Labelling claims, general requirements - Demeter International 2005
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Products can be labelled as "in conversion to Demeter" or Biodyn to the earliest after 12 months in conversion to the biodynamic method of the respective farm unit. This is only possible if the whole enterprise is under conversion. Crops harvested more than 36 months (perennial crops), or sown more than 24 months after the start of conversion can be marketed as Demeter once certification is granted. In the following cases the periods can be shortened: If an enterprise can be shown to have been managed extensively, after the second conversion year, full Demeter certification is possible. If an enterprise or part thereof is certified organic for a minimum of three years full Demeter certification can be given for the first harvest, provided that the Biodynamic preparations have been applied according to the standards. (DI production standards, 7.3. Demeter certification and use of the trademark)
Demeter labelling is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. Whereas the general conversion time for annual and perennial crops are similar to the EU regulation, additional requirements have to be fulfiled to get the Demeter certification such as the use of the bio-dynamic preparations etc. To ensure good consumer information.
Labelling claims, honey - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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Containers with honey to be sold to the consumer must show the following text: As a result of the large radius of flight of the bees it cannot be expected that in all cases they will fly over only or mainly organically farmed areas (or in a similar form). (Bioland production standards, 4.10.3.4 Declaration)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailled. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require an explanation of organic honey to be published on the label. To increase transparency for the consumer.
Labelling claims, honey - Demeter International 2004
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n the labelling of Demeter certified honey there must be an indication regarding the definition of Demeter quality of honey: 'The special quality of Demeter honey derives from a unique, species appropriate approach to bee keeping. Due to their extensive flying range, bees cannot be expected to fly solely over biodynamically managed areas.' (DI standards for beekeeping and hive products, 10. Demeter Hive Product Identification)
The DI standard is more detailled. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require an explanation of organic honey to be published on the label. To increase transparency for the consumer.
Labelling claims, honey - Naturland 2005
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On the label of NATURLAND certified honey it must be stated clearly, that the bees are not only visiting plants on organically farmed land, but that the definition of organic quality of honey is related to the beekeepers' method of working. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.9. Labelling)
The NATURLAND standard requires detailed labelling of honey. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 no specific indication on honey labels is required. To increase transparency for the consumer.
Labelling claims, processed products - NL Skal Standards 2005
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It is not obligatory to mention the sentence "x% of the ingredients?." on the label of Dutch products with >70% organic ingredients.
SKAL has different labelling requirements to the EU Regulation 2092/91. SKAL does not require the use of this sentence in processed foods containing greater than '70% organic ingredients, but this is required by EU Regulation. See EU Rule Text: Article 5, M10 5bis c): on products with 70% or more organic ingredients, the sentence x% of the agricultural ingredients were produced in accordance with the rules of organic production must be on the label. This requirment is not seen as relevant for consumers.
Labelling claims, processed products - Nature et Progrès Standards 2005
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All the ingredients of agricultural origin in a product must be organic, with two exceptions : wild gathered/collected fruits and environment-friendly fisheries.
Nature et Progrès standards have additional requirements to EU Regulation 2092/91. Nature et Progrès standards require that all the ingredients of agricultural origin in a product must be organic (except wild gathered/collected fruit and fish products from environment-friendly fisheries, which are not under EU Regulation), whereas EU Regulation allows 5 to 30% non-organic ingredients. Organic ingredients are widely available in France. Non-organic products may contain pesticides or GMOs. Moreover, allowing non-organic ingredients may slow down the development of organic agriculture.
Labelling claims, processed products - SE KRAV 2006
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The ultimate processing country should be indicated on the package. For ingredients the operator should always be able to give the information of the country of origin. This can be done through direct information on the package, web pages, telephone customer service etc (KRAV standards paragraph 2.13.16).
This is not covered in EU egulation 2092/91. Many customers are interested in where their food comes from. The origin of ingredients might change, therefore it is up to the operator if they want to print information on the package or would like to inform in other ways.
Labelling claims, processed products - US NOP 2002
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The term, "organic," may only be used on labels and in labelling of raw or processed agricultural products, including ingredients, that have been produced and handled in accordance with the NOP rules. There are provisions for multi-ingredient products containing 100%, minimum 95%, minimum 70% and less than 70% organic ingredients. Only the term "organic" is defined, derivatives or other terms giving the impression that a product is organic are not covered by the regulation.
Use of organic: both EU and US require compliance with the EU Regulation 2092/91 in order to label products organic. However, US specifies that the term organic may not be used in a product name to modify a non-organic ingredient in the product. This is not addressed by EU. US allows the word organic to be used in the ingredient list of products containing less than 70% organic ingredients without certification of the handling operation; EU does not. US contains regulations for the labelling of 100% organic products; EU does not. The definition for 95%-organic products also refers to non-agricultural ingredients whereas the EU only refers to agricultural ingredients. US allows products for export to be labelled according to the foreign national organic standard. EU does not. The intent of these sections is to ensure that organically produced agricultural products and ingredients are consistently labelled to aid consumers in selection of organic products and to prevent labelling abuses. These provisions cover the labelling of a product as organic and are not intended to supersede other labelling requirements specified in other Federal labeling regulations. Further justifications for the labelling provisions are described in the attached extract of the NOP "Entire Standards".
Labelling claims, processed products, food additives - SE KRAV 2006
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Food additives should be described by name and not only number in the ingredients panel (KRAV standards paragraph 2.13.13).
This is not required by EU Regulation 2092/91. It is important to give the most possible information to the consumer.
Labelling claims, production places - SE KRAV 2006
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A certified production place (factories, slaughterhouses etc) can not be marked as KRAV certified independent of the products (KRAV standards paragraph 2.14.3).
This is not covered in EU Regulation 2092/91. Production places where both organic and conventional products are processed shall not be able to market the production place itself as organic as it can confuse consumers.
Labelling claims, products derived from the wild - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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Organic products, that have been collected from wild areas, have to be labelled unambiguously as such. (NL standards on production, Part B.IX. Wild grown products 3.)
The NATURLAND standard is more precise. In the EU Regulation 2092/91 no specific labelling instructions for collected wild products are given. To increase transparency and give more information to the consumer.
Labelling claims, shops and supermarkets - SE KRAV 2006
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There are requirements for how a shop or a supermarket can call themselves KRAV authorised. They shall contribute to increased availability of organic products through having a wide range certified products and have a well informed staff. The range of products shall reflect what is available on the market and the objective is that the consumer shall be able to choose organic alternatives from all product groups. The standard also covers repacking of products at the shop or supermarket. (KRAV standards chapter 15).
Standards for shops and supermarkets are not covered in EU Regulation 2092/91. To authorise shops for handling of organic products and for promotion of organic production will increase the knowledge about organic agriculture and the availability of products. With well trained personnel it also increases the security that organic products are handled in the right way and not commingled with other products.
Labelling claims, textile products - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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Textile fibres and products can be labelled with the indication "Coming from organic farming", packaging has to bear the KEZ logo with following text: IFOAM ACCREDITED. All inputs and processing aids must be specified on the label.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover textile fibre production or its labelling. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.
Labelling of animal products, beef - DE Naturland Standards 2005 Organic beef can only be marketed with reference to NATURLAND, if the animal had been born on an organic farm. (NL standards on production Part A.I.9. Labelling and marketing) The NATURLAND standard has further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. Natureland standards require the cattle to be born on an organic farm. Whereas according to the EU Regulation beef from animals that were born on conventional farms can be marketed as organic after being managed organically for a 12-month conversion period. This is in order to avoid cases of BSE on organic farms.
Labelling of animal products, milk - Demeter International 2005
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The labelling of milk is determined by the certification status of the feed: Milk may only be marketed under the label "In Conversion to Demeter" if the dairy cows are fed from areas of the farm, which have this certification level. Demeter certification of the milk is possible as soon as the feed comes from Demeter certified areas. (DI production standards, 5.7.1. Milk, dairy cows and calves; DI production standards, 5.5.1. Brought in feeds and in conversion feeds)
The DI standard is more complex. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate Demeter specific labelling. The label "In conversion to Demeter" is only given to products, that have full organic certification status already. There is no possibility for animal products to be labelled as in conversion according to the EU Regulation. The quality of the feed influences the quality of the animal product.
Labelling of animal products, pigs - Demeter International 2005
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Piglets of conventional origin that are exceptionally brought into a Demeter farm to start a new herd and after approval by the respective organisation, can be labelled as 'In conversion to Demeter' or 'Biodyn' after a conversion period of 6 months. During the conversion period, they must be managed and fed according to the Demeter standards. (DI production standards, 5.7.4. Pigs; DI production standards, Appendix 7, APP 17)
The DI standard is more complex. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 there is no in conversion labelling for animals and animal products. In both cases piglets can only be brought in for breeding (to start a new herd) and not with the purpose of fattening. According to the EU Regulation those animals could be converted to organic (6 months conversion period). According to Demeter standards they can never reach Demeter status, but can be labelled as "in conversion to Demeter" after the same period. No justification available
Parallel production, GMOs - DE Naturland 2005
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The use of GMO and/or derivates is prohibited. This applies immediately to the whole farm, regardless of the certification status of single farm units. Accidental contamination with GMO of organic produce can lead to decertification. (NL standards on production, Part A.II.6. Non-employment of GMO and GMO derivatives)
The NATURLAND standard contains further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. The EU Regulation allows organic and conventional production at the same time in two separated production units of the same farm. The use of GMO in conventional unit is not prohibited by EU Regulation. NATURLAND standards prohibit GMO use on the whole farm. To avoid contamination with objectionable substances, ensure the organic integrity of Naturland products. Genetically modified organisms (GMO) and their derivates are incompatible with organic cultivation.