Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • A.Plant and plant products
        • Production of mushrooms - Annex I A5
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Mushroom production, innoculum - DE Bioland standards 2005
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Mushroom brood (Inoculum) must come from BIOLAND certified companies with preference, or at least from other certified organic origin. Cereals for the production of brood must be of BIOLAND or at least organic origin. (Bioland production standards, 5.4.4 Mushroom brood)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate the sources or quality of inoculum. To ensure BIOLAND / organic qualtiy throughout the whole production chain.
Mushroom production, not regulated - US NOP 2002 NOP does not have any provisions on mushroom production. NOP does not have any provisions on mushroom production. The EU Regulation 2092/91 has provisions. The NOP intends to provide standards for categories where the Act provides the authority to promulgate standards. NOP announced its intent to publish for comments certification standards for mushrooms. These standards will be build upon the existing final rule and will address only the unique requirements necessary to certify these specialized operations.
Mushroom production, protective measures - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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Substrate can only be disinfected using thermal processes. For the disinfection of equipment only alcohol or acetic acid can be used. The application of pyrethrum is not allowed in mushroom production. (Bioland production standards, 5.4.3 Disinfection and Plant Protection)
The BIOLAND standard has additional requirements than the EU Regulation 2092/91 which does not explicitly refer to the disinfection of substrate. Pyrethrum can be used against pests. The regulation regarding substances for cleaning and disinfection only refers to animal production facilities and equipment. To avoid contamination with harmful substances.
Mushroom production, substrate - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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Substrates must consist of materials from BIOLAND certified farms or at least certified organic origin. Substrates other than of BIOLAND origin can only be used after approval by BIOLAND. Organic animal manure to be used as substrate component requires organic bedding material. In the case of conventional wood, the origin must be traceable and if needed an analysis completed to show its harmlessness. Peat is admissible as top layer. Mineral substrate components can be used, if listed in the corresponding annex (10.1.4.). (Bioland production standards, 5.4 Mushroom Production 5.4.1 Basic Principles; Bioland production standards, 5.4.2 Substrate; Bioland production standards, 10.1.4 Mineral Complementing Fertilisers)
The BIOLAND standard is more demanding. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 up to 25% of the substrate can consist of certain types of conventional animal manure, if these are not available in organic quality. This is not allowed according to the BIOLAND standards. To ensure BIOLAND / organic quality throughout the whole production chain and to avoid contamination with objectionable substances.
Mushroom production, substrate and inoculum - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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Inoculums and substrate materials of NATURLAND or equivalent certification must be used. If these are not available, materials from other certified organic origin can be purchased after approval. The use of certain disinfection agents during the productive period is prohibited. The empty facilities can be cleaned and disinfected with the substances listed in the appendix 8. (NL standards on production, Part B.IV. Mushroom cultivation)
The provisions are more detailed than the EU Regulation 2092/91 and in some aspects shave additional requirements. The use of substrates is regulated in the corresponding annex of the EU Regulation where up to 25% of the substrate can consist of conventional animal manure if the components required are not available in organic quality. The use of inoculums and disinfection agents for mushroom production is not regulated in the EU Regulation. To ensure NATURLAND quality throughout the whole production chain, to avoid contamination with objectionable substances from conventional substrate material or from cleaning agents.