Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B
        • General principles - Annex I B1
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Livestock management, external responsibility, horses - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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Horses on the farm, that are not under the responsibility of the farm manager, can be fed or treated with substances that are not in line with the standards, as long as these are not contaminating the farm in any way. The horse manure should be handled as animal manure from external sources. (Bioland production standards, 4.5.6 Horse feeding)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailed. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 conventional livestock from extensive husbandry can be kept on organic pastures for a limited period of time each year, without indicating details about the harmlessness of feed and treatment and the handling of manure. To avoid contamination with objectionable substances, i.e. GMO.
Parallel production, grazing, livestock - UK Compendium 2005 As a derogation from the principle that organic pasture should be for organic livestock, non-organic livestock are permitted to graze organic land for a maximum of 120 days per year, as long as these animals are extensively reared, organic animals are not grazing with them, and authorisation has been obtained from the inspection body. The UK Compendium contains further detail to the EU Regulation 2092/91. UK Compendium specifies a maximum annual period of 120 days that non-organic livestock may use organic pasture. EU Regulation merely states "a limited period of time each year" without specifying the maximum length of time. UK Compendium continues the previous UK limit of 120 days because this is more specific and enforceable than the unspecified EU restriction on the period that non-organic livestock may use organic pasture. The additional text was requested by UK inspection bodies.
Parallel production, livestock - FR Regulation 2000
In France, it is forbidden to alternate organic and non organic livestock in the same building or open air run, except during the initial introduction of organic livestock.
French regulation forbids alternating organic and non organic livestock in the same building or open-air run whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover this topic. Alternate organically and conventionally managed livestock in the same building is inconsistent (why give organic treatment to one animal and not to another?), and is detrimental to the credibility of the organic market. Moreover, there could be a pollution of the open-air runs with antibiotics.
Parallel production, livestock - SI Rules 2003
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Simultaneous non-organic extensive livestock is under certain restrictions accepted (compliance with good farming practices with regard to fertilisation, or different species of livestock, provided that they are not reared in an industrial method of production, or buildings and parcels are physically and functionally separated from buildings and parcels in which livestock are not reared in accordance with SI Rules). (Art. 18)
SI Rules 2003 (Art. 18) describe the technical requirements for simultanious organic/conventional livestock production and do not describe the principles as those listed in the EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex I B 1.1. ? 1.4. The other provisions regarding the conditions for not-organic livestock on the same holding are the same as in EU Regulation Annex I B (1.5. ? 1.8.). The authors of the SI Rules wanted to be very practical and focus on the technical provisions while leaving aside the explanation of organic livestock rearing principles.
Parallel production, livestock - UK Compendium 2005
Where they are present on the same farm, non-organic livestock must be reared on units clearly separated from organic livestock, they must be of different species, and organic livestock enterprises or holdings must be kept physically, financially, and operationally separate from non organic enterprises or holdings. Compendium of UK Organic Standards, Annex IB, Paragraph 1.6
The UK Compendium contains further detail to the EU Regulation 2092/91. UK Compendium requires that organic livestock enterprises or holdings must be kept physically, financially, and operationally separate from non-organic enterprises or holdings. Both EU Standards and UK Compendium require that organic livestock be reared in land parcels and buildings separate from non-organic livestock on the same holding and be of different species. The additional UK Compendium text aims to ensure that organic livestock holdings and enterprises are kept entirely separate from non-organic holdings and enterprises. This helps to verify the organic status of livestock products, and it helps maintain biosecurity of organic livestock units. Livestock traceability, organic verification, and biosecurity are particular concerns in UK after recent national livestock health problems, such as BSE and Foot & Mouth Disease. Biosecurity may also help to reduce the occurrence of other endemic livestock diseases.