Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • C.Beekeeping and beekeeping products
        • Siting of the apiaries - Annex I C4
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries - DE Bioland 2005
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The siting of the apiaries must ensure that considerable contamination with objectionable substances is not to be expected. In case of suspicion, the bee products must be analysed and consequences must be taken. The colonies may not be placed on a conventionally farmed field. Specific approval by BIOLAND is required if colonies shall be placed outside the area, controlled by BIOLAND (Germany, South Tyrol). For harvesting honey from agricultural crops, organically cultivated crops are to be preferred. Nectar and pollen must not be intentionally collected from intensively managed conventional orchards. Pollen cannot be harvested from crops that have been treated with agrochemicals while flowering. Bee products harvested from areas, that have been declared as unsuitable for organic apiculture cannot be marketed with reference to the organic production method. (Bioland production standards, 4.10.2 Keeping of the Bees, Location of the Bee Colonies)
The BIOLAND standard is similar to the corresponding EU Regulation 2092/91. It is more precise in excluding the use of certain conventionally farmed crops for the collection of pollen and nectar (intensively farmed orchards and crops, that have been sprayed while flowering). To avoid contamination of bee products with objectionable substances, but at the same time enabling organic apiculture in Germany.
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries - Demeter International 2005
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Apiaries shall be sited with preference on biodynamically or organically managed or uncultivated land. The biodynamic preparations should be applied regularly in the surroundings of the hives. (DI production standards, 2. The Siting of Apiaries)
The DI standard is similar. The EU Regulation 2092/91, however, does not regulate the application of the biodynamic preparations. The application of the biodynamic preparations is a vital element of Demeter certified agricultural production.
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries - FI Governmenal Regulation on organic animal production 2000 Bee keeping may not take place within six kilometres of a sugar factory, dumping site, refuse burning facility or road trafficed more than 6000 vehicles per day. The standard is more precise in excluding possible sources of contamination. Above mentioned facilities are considered to bear contamination risks to organic beekeeping. The Member States may designate regions or areas where beekeeping complying with the EU Regulation 2091/91 is not practicable.
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries - NO Governmental Regulation 2005.
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In addition to the requirements in EU Regulation 2092/91 the conventional cultivation of rape or turnip rape in the flight/collection area should not represent more than 5% of the arable land within a radius of 3 km of the bee hive.
EU 2092/91 does not specify maximum percentage limits of special cultivars/crops in relation to the total arable land area. Rape or turnip rape can be contaminated with GMO. The standard setting body wishes to minimalize the risk of contamination.
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 Apiaries must be sited on organic land. During flowering and when bees are not dormant, the apiaries must be sited where there is access to bees normal feed resources, where nectar and pollen resources consist essentially of organic crops or uncultivated land within a 4-mile radius around the site (or less with evidence of organic integrity of the honey), and where there is sufficient distance from sources of non agricultural pollution. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 15.4.3, 15.4.4 and 15.4.6. Soil Association standards contain further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. In Soil Association standards for organic honey production and bee keeping, a radius of 4 miles is required around the apiary site, within which nectar and pollen sources must consist essentially of organic crops or uncultivated land during periods of flowering and bee activity. Soil Association permission may be given for a smaller radius if evidence can be provided of the organic integrity of the honey, such as pesticide residue analysis of the honey and land management information about the surrounding land. In EU Regulation, this radius is 3 kilometres and there is no mention of provision of extra information. The larger area of organic crops or uncultivated land required around an apiary by the Soil Association standards is intended to ensure that the honey will contain the minimum possible amounts of residues of any prohibited agricultural inputs. For this purpose, some flexibility regarding the required area is provided on condition that evidence is given to prove the lack of such residues and of sources of prohibited inputs near the apiary.
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries and labelling - Naturland 2005
Contamination of bee products with objectionable substances to a degree, greater than what is to be expected from the general pollution of the environment has to be excluded by choosing an appropriate location for the apiaries. Contaminated products and honey varieties consisting of one single intensively farmed conventional crop cannot be marketed with reference to NATURLAND. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.1. Location of the colonies)
The NATURLAND standard is similar to the provisions of the EU Regulation 2092/91, however it is more precise in the aspect to exclude honey from intensively farmed conventional crops from being sold with reference to Naturland. This is to guarantee the innocuousness of the Naturland product. In Germany, rapeseed, which is a very attractive plant for bees and beekeepers is usually cultivated the intensive conventional way.