Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • C.Beekeeping and beekeeping products
        • Feed - Annex I C5
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Beekeeping, feed - DE Bioland 2005
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Any surpluses from the winter feed must be removed from the hives before the start of the collecting period. During the season only BIOLAND honey can be used as feed for the colonies. BIOLAND certified feed components must be used. If these are not available, feeding stuffs of organic origin can be used. (Bioland production standards, Feeding Bees)
The BIOLAND standard is slightly more detailed by requiring surplus feed to be removed. This is not required by the corresponding EU Regulation 2092/91, however there is a requirement for feeding to be stopped at least 15 days before the beginning of the next flow of nectar or honey dew. The preference of feeding stuffs of BIOLAND quality is not regulated by the EU Regulation. In order to avoid adulteration of the honey to be harvested with remaining feed made from sugar.
Beekeeping, feed - Demeter International 2004
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Winter feed must contain at least 10% of honey; herb tea (camomile) and salt should be added. All feed components should be of biodynamic origin. The same feed can be used if feeding the colonies is necessary before the first nectar flow of the season, as well as to strengthen swarms and the colonies where the swarms come from. During the season only honey of Demeter quality is admitted for emergency feeding. Stimulative feeding is not permitted. (DI standards for beekeeping and hive products, 4.5 Feeding)
The DI standards are more precise. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 honey from the same unit is to be used for feeding the bees if necessary; however feeding with organic sugar can be (and is) admitted by the authorities of the member states. This is also possible during the season, if the feeding is realized between the harvest of honey and 15 days before the next period of nectar or honeydew flow. Honey and pollen must be left in the hives at the end of the season. A certain percentage is not indicated. Biodynamic quality is not regulated by the EU Regulation. It is a principle of Demeter beekeeping, that bees are kept closely in accordance with their nature. Honey is the natural feed for bees. "Bee keepers working in the context of biodynamics orientate themselves primarily towards meeting the natural requirements of the colony. Management is so structured that the bee is able freely to unfold its true nature". (DI standards for beekeeping and hive products, 1.Validity and basis)
Beekeeping, feed - Naturland 2005
If necessary, the colonies can be fed. The winter feed should consist of at least 10% of honey from own production. In addition organic sugar can be fed. Adulteration of honey with remains of winter feed must be excluded. During the season only organic honey (with preference NATURLAND certified or equivalent) can be fed. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.4. Feeding)
The NATURLAND standard is similar to the EU Regulation 2092/91, but more precise by determining a certain percentage (at least 10%) of honey in the winter feed and by admitting only honey as feed in between the periods of nectar flow in one season. To provide healthy and natural feed to the bees while at the same time considering the economic needs of the beekeeper. To avoid adulteration of the honey to be harvested.
Beekeeping, harvesting pollen - DE Bioland Standards 2005
This chapter regulates in detail the collection of BIOLAND pollen. There are detailed provisions concerning the character, placement and cleaning of facilities for pollen, the extraction and the handling of the harvested pollen. Among others: It is important, that enough pollen for the bee's own supply is left in the hive and that bees are not injured while stripping off the pollen. The pollen has to be protected from negative impacts caused by climatic influences or inappropriate handling and processing (i.e. temperature of drying air). It must be stored in a cool, dark and dry place. (Bioland production standards, 4.10.4 Pollen, Pollen trap; Bioland production standards, Processing; Bioland production standards, Packing and storage)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not refer to the harvesting of pollen in detail. There is only the general requirement of adequate handling of bee products during harvest, processing and storage and to leave an extensive quantity of pollen in the hives at the end of the season. To avoid major disturbances of the colonies and to respect their integrity. To guarantee BIOLAND pollen to be a high quality product.