Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • C.Beekeeping and beekeeping products
        • Disease prevention and veterinary treatments - Annex I C6
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Beekeeping, veterinary treatment - DE Bioland 2005
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Chemical synthetic medication is prohibited. To control the varroa mite organic acids (lactic acid, formic acid, oxalic acid) can be used in the time span between the last harvest and January the 15th of the following year (applicable to productive colonies). Oxidation of metals that can provoke contamination with residues is to be avoided. (Bioland production standards, Bee Health)
The BIOLAND standard is more precise. Less products can be used for veterinary treatments of bees and the treatment of productive colonies against varroa is restricted to the winter period. Furthermore the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not refer to residues of metal oxidation. In order to avoid contamination of bee products caused by veterinary treatment, and to enhance an adequate handling of bee colonies, that will contribute to strong and healthy colonies, avoid health problems and assist the development of varroa tolerance.
Beekeeping, veterinary treatment - Naturland 2005
Colonies can only be treated with the substances listed below and the treatment is only permitted during the period after the last honey harvest until up to 6 weeks before nectar flow begins. For treatment against varroa mite and in accordance with EU Regulation: lactic acid, formic acid, acetic acid, oxalic acid, herbal teas, essential oils (e.g. thymol preparations: only during the period after the last honey harvest until up to 12 weeks before nectar flow begins. The duration of the application must not be longer than 8 weeks.), biological technical and physical methods (e.g. use of heat). (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.6. Health of the bees)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed, restricting the treatment to a certain period. To avoid contamination of bee products with objectionable substances like residues from veterinary treatment.