Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • C.Beekeeping and beekeeping products
        • Husbandry management practises and identification - Annex I C7
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Beekeeping, harvesting honey - DE Bioland 2005
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Only mature honey can be extracted from the hive. (Bioland production standards, 4.10.3 Honey, 4.10.3.1 Harvest)
The BIOLAND standard is more precise. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not explicitly require only mature honey to be extracted. However there is a general requirement of an adequate harvest of bee products. In order to ensure the high quality of the honey and to avoid problems arising as a consequence of i.e. a high water content of the honey.
Beekeeping, harvesting pollen - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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This chapter regulates in detail the collection of BIOLAND pollen. There are detailed provisions concerning the character, placement and cleaning of facilities for pollen, the extraction and the handling of the harvested pollen. Among others: It is important, that enough pollen for the bee's own supply is left in the hive and that bees are not injured while stripping off the pollen. The pollen has to be protected from negative impacts caused by climatic influences or inappropriate handling and processing (i.e. temperature of drying air). It must be stored in a cool, dark and dry place. (Bioland production standards, 4.10.4 Pollen, 4.10.4.1 Pollen trap; Bioland production standards, 4.10.4.2 Processing; Bioland production standards, 4.10.4.3 Packing and storage)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not refer to the harvesting of pollen in detail. There is only the general requirement of adequate handling of bee products during harvest, processing and storage and to leave an extensive quantity of pollen in the hives at the end of the season. To avoid major disturbances of the colonies and to respect their integrity. To guarantee BIOLAND pollen to be a high quality product.
Beekeeping, preparation of honey - DE Bioland 2005
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Honey may not be heated to more than 40°C. If possible, the honey should be filled into containers before its first consolidation. Honey must be stored in a cool, dark and dry place and it must not be filtered with pressure. Containers used for selling honey must be returnable. Any containers used must be made of material legally permitted for foodstuffs. (Bioland production standards, 4.10.3.2 Processing)
The BIOLAND standard is more precise. In the EU Regulation 2092/91 there is only the general requirement of an adequate handling of bee products during extraction, storage and processing. There is no regulation on the containers for honey. In order to ensure the high quality of BIOLAND certified honey, to avoid contamination caused by the containers and to enhance direct recycling of containers.
Beekeeping, repellent/calming synthetic chemicals - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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No chemical synthetic materials may be used to calm or drive away the bees. (Bioland production standards, 4.10.2.4 Calming and Driving away Bees)
The BIOLAND standard is slightly more precise. The prohibition of chemical synthetic repellents in the EU Regulation 2092/91 is limited to the purpose honey extraction. In order to minimise disturbance to the bees.
Beekeeping, repellent/calming synthetic chemicals - Naturland 2005
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The use of smoke should be reduced to a minimum. Smoke should be produced with preference from natural materials and chemical / synthetical repellents are not admitted. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.5.Beekeeping practice, breeding, increasing stocks)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate the materials used to produce smoke, and the prohibition of synthetic repellents is restricted to the act of harvesting honey. To avoid contamination with harmful substances and to minimize the disturbance of the bees.
Beekeeping, reproduction - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 It is prohibited to clip the wings of the queen bee or to use artificial insemination in beekeeping. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 15.2.8. Soil Association standards prohibit the use of artificial (instrumental) insemination in bee keeping. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not include this prohibition. The precautionary principle argues against pervasive use of instrumental insemination because the long-term consequences are unpredictable. Instrumental insemination of queen bees may reduce the diversity of the gene pool among honeybees as it involves the male spermatozoa of only one male rather than of 10 to 20 males in natural queen bee fertilisation. Traits may be selected for, such as productivity or resistance to specific diseases, but other useful traits could be lost.
Honey, processing and storage - Demeter International 2004
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The temperature of honey should never exceed 35°C. Pressurised filtration is not permitted. The honey should be filled into containers of glass or metal before any solidification occurs. In some cases subsequent refilling is admitted, but certain requirements concerning the heating method and temperature, the documentation and the containers have to be complied with. Honey must be stored in a dark, cool and dry place. (DI standards for beekeeping and hive products, 5. Honey Extraction; DI standards for beekeeping and hive products, Appendix 3 Transportation, Decanting, Heating)
The DI standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not explicitly refer to the extraction, further processing and storage of the honey. There is however the general requirement of careful and adequate handling of the bee products. To avoid damaging the quality of the product.
Honey, processing and storage - Naturland 2005
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The heating of honey to more than 38°C and filtering under pressure is not allowed. Honey should be stored in a cool, dark and dry place. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.8: 2 Extraction of honey 3 Storage and conservation)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate in detail the processing of animal products. However it contains a general requirement of careful and adequate extraction, processing and storage of beekeeping products (Annex IC.7.7.) To ensure NATURLAND honey to be a high quality product.