Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • Aquaculture - not in EC Reg
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Aquaculture, fish production - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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Standards incorporate the farming of many different species in fresh, brackish and sea water. They deal with the following areas: the origin of the fish and aquatic animals, they forbid any modification including genetic modification. They require conservation of the water environment and the surrounding aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem, determine water quality, particularly the biological quality and protect from potential contamination or pollution of waters. (KEZ, Chapter: Fish and aquatic animals farming, 14.)
KEZ standards cover standards for fish and auatic animals farming. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not deal with fish and aquatic animal farming. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.
Aquaculture, fish production - FR Regulation 2005
There are standards for organic production of farmed fish.
French regulation includes standards for organic production of farmed fish. There are no such standards in the EU Regulation 2092/91. French fish farmers asked for organic standards.
Aquaculture, fishing - SE KRAV 2006
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KRAV has elaborate standards for fishing covering stock assessment, fishing vessels, fishing methods, landing and processing. There are several standards which focus on environmental issues (KRAV standards chapter 19).
Fishing is not covered in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Fishing has a huge environmental impact. At the time of establishing the KRAV fishing standard it was not possible to use the Marine Stewardship Council standard due to strong resistance by the fishermen’s association.
Aquaculture, fresh water fish production - DE Bioland 2005
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The specific rules for aquaculture are regulated to the type and management of fish production systems, water quality, stocking density, feeding, handling of fish, health, reproduction and breeding, bought in stock and conversion. (Bioland production standards, 4.11. Fresh Water Fish Production)
Bioland has detailed standards for aquaculture, whereas aquaculture is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide rules for any type of organic animal production, practised in the area controlled by BIOLAND.
Aquaculture, general requirements - Int. IFOAM Standards 2005
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Conversion period, maintenance of aquatic ecosystems, the production of aquatic plants and breeds are ruled by IFOAM standards. Also detailed requirements on the nutrition of aquatic animals, health and welfare aspects as well as transport and slaughter are addressed by the standard. (9)
IFOAM has detailled rules for aquaculture. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover aquaculture. Aquatic systems are very vulnerable ecosystems. Specific rules on how to use natural or establish artifical aquatic systems are necessary in order to grant sustainability and credibility in the consumers perception.
Aquaculture, general requirements - SI Rules 2003
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In SI Rules 2003 standards for aquaculture exist (Art. 43 - 47). The standards regulate organic production of non-salmonide native fish species which is possible in ponds with controlled conditions. The standards describe the culture conditions, fish species and number, origin of fish, breeding and feeding, health protection.
SI Rules specify standards for aquaculture whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. To enable organic fish culture in Slovenia.
Aquaculture, general requirements - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
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There is a substantial chapter containing detailed and comprehensive organic standards for aquaculture. The Soil Association standards on aquaculture contain subsections on system management, organic conversion, eggs and youngstock, environmental management, managing holding facilities, managing water quality, feeding organic stock, maintaining high stock welfare, keeping stock healthy, transporting livestock, harvesting and slaughtering, and record keeping. We do not yet have Soil Association permission to upload very substantial sections of text from the Soil Association Organic Standards, so the file attached contains a list of the associated chapters and subsections together with the text of the first subsection on principles of organic aquaculture.
Soil Association standards contain a set of standards on aquaculture not included in the EU Regulation 2092/91. EU Regulation do not include any standards referring to aquaculture. quaculture is a significant sector of food production. The existence of detailed standards enables the principles of organic food and farming to be put into practice in the fish farming sector, encouraging sustainability throughout the sector and making organic farmed fish available to the market, with consequent benefits to all aspects of sustainability.
Aquaculture, general requirements - AT Bio Austria General Standard 2006
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The Bio Austria General Standard deals with two types of habitats: The habitat for carps rules the production in stagnant and warmer stretches of water. The habitat for trout rules the production of predatory fish in cold running stretches of water, high in oxygen oxygen content but lacking in nutrients. Until aquatic production is ruled by the EU Regulation 2092/91 the rules for different animals are valid for the aquatic production by analogy if practicable. The basis is: The fish production in ponds tries to achieve closed cycles of materials and healthy ecological systems. Therefore methods and techniques are used which infinitely maintain the fertility of fish and stretch of water, use renewable resources, prevent pollution of the environment, support the natural cycles in water and do not disturb any other processes of the food chain. The natural behaviour and needs of the fish are the basis for structuring and assessing the conditions of fish keeping. The Bio AUSTRIA General Standard for fish is the same as that of the Codex Alimentarius Austriacus and therefore it is valid for all organic fish farms in Austria. It contains detailed rules for water quality, cultivation, stock and keeping, therapy and hygiene, fish multiplying, origin and dissemination, feed and feed buying, fish protection, conversion and control. (BA-Rules 2006 chapter 3.17)
The Bio Austria General Standard is more detailed as the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover rules for fish production. In the case of fish production EU Regulation does not give legal rules and it is therefore necessary to give minimum standards to this part of animal husbandry.
Aquaculture, general requirements - DE Naturland 2005
The NATURLAND standards for organic aquaculture contain detailed provisions regarding the following aspects: 1. Selection of site, interaction with surrounding ecosystems 2. Species and origin of stock 3. Breeding, hatchery management 4. Design of holding systems, water quality, stocking density 5. Health and Hygiene 6. Oxygen Supply 7. Organic Fertilising 8. Feeding 9. Transport, Slaughtering and Processing 10. Smoking 11. Social aspects Moreover there are specific instructions concerning the production systems of carp (Cyprinus carpio), trout, salmon and other salmonids, mussels (Blue mussel Mytilus edulis and others), shrimps (Western White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei and others) and tropical freshwater fishes (Siamese catfish Pangasius sp., milkfish Chanos chanos, tilapia Oreochromis sp., arapaima Arapaima gigas et al.). (NL standards for organic aquaculture, 01/2005)
There is a detailed NATURLAND aquaculture standard. Aquaculture is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide specific rules for any significant type of agricultural / food production.
Aquaculture, general requirements - SE KRAV 2006
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KRAV has standards for aquaculture covering conversion, environmental aspects, animal welfare, health, feed and slaughter. There are specific standards for salmonoids, perch and mussels (KRAV Standards chapter 7).
There are no detailed rules for aquaculture in EU Regulation 2092/91 but there is a reference to the possibility for the Member States to recognise private standards. There is an interest from consumers to also get organic aquaculture products. There are several environmental and health issues in aquaculture were organic production makes a difference.
Aquaculture, production and processing - SP CAAE Standards 2002
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The farmed fish aquaculture standards of the Andalusian Comittee for Organic Farming (CAAE), a private certification body in Andalusia and Castilla-La Mancha has a 10 page standard document for farmed fish and a 3 page document for fish processing, covering different aspects such as; scope, general principles, labelling, conversion period, animal origin, health care, surrounding environment, farm fished facilities, fish feeding; animal identification, transport and slaughtering methods. The standards also cover the specifications for differents types of fish and 2 annexes for products and methods used for controlling diseases and feeding. The text can be requested from or
This regulation includes standards for organic production and organic proceesing of farmed fish. There are no such standards in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Andalusian organic fish farmers and processors market fish with this organic standard.
Aquaculture, wild-harvest - Int. IFOAM Standards 2005
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Operators should take measures to ensure that wild, sedentary aquatic species are collected only from areas where the water is not contaminated by substances prohibited in these standards.(2.4.5)
IFOAM specifies necessary measures for collecting wild aquatic species whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover this. Products from wild harvest are expected to be free of residues or contaminants; this is a consumers expectation of organic food.