Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • Special other animal standards - others than in EC Reg
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, poultry - CZ PRO BIO Standards 2004 A minimum of 10% of the daily corn-feed for laying hens must be given scattered on the ground. (PB Standards, Part II, Chapter 3.5) No similar paragraph is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. he ethology of scratchers/gallinaceans is a justification for this rule.
Livestock management, external responsibility, horses - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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Horses on the farm, that are not under the responsibility of the farm manager, can be fed or treated with substances that are not in line with the standards, as long as these are not contaminating the farm in any way. The horse manure should be handled as animal manure from external sources. (Bioland production standards, 4.5.6 Horse feeding)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailed. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 conventional livestock from extensive husbandry can be kept on organic pastures for a limited period of time each year, without indicating details about the harmlessness of feed and treatment and the handling of manure. To avoid contamination with objectionable substances, i.e. GMO.
Livestock management, general reqquirements, horses - SP CCPAE Catalunya 2002
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The CCPAE Catalunya Organic Standards for horse breeding has 5 pages (Article 11.06 of General CCPAE standards, pages 154-158). The main points of these Horse Standards are: origin of the animals, conversion period, management, suckling and breeding of foals; animal welfare, free ranch areas and facilities for breeding horses, animal feeding, animal health and animal identification.
There are no specific standards of organic horse breeding within the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide clear rules for any significant type of agricultural / food production.
Livestock management, general requirement, ostriches - FR Regulation 2000
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Standards for organic rearing of ostriches exist in the French governmental regulation.
French regulation includes standards for organic ostrich rearing. There are no such standards in the EU Regulation 2092/91. French ostrich breeders asked for organic standards.
Livestock management, general requirements, deer - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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The specific BIOLAND standards for deer regulate the following aspects: mandatory permanent pasture, minimum area size , characteristics of outdoor enclosures, minimum group size, stocking density, purchase of animals and conventional feeding stuffs. (Bioland production standards, 4.2.7 Keeping of Fallow-deer and Red Deer; Bioland production standards, 4.8.2 Possible permits for conventional purchase of animals, 4.8.2.5 Fallow-Deer and Red Deer; Bioland production standards, 10.4 Temporary regulations for purchased feed from non-organic origin, 10.4.4 Fallow and red deer)
Bioland has specific standards for deer husbandry. This is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide standards for all types of animal production, practised in the regions inspected and certified by BIOLAND.
Livestock management, general requirements, deer - DE Naturland 2005
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The NATURLAND rules for animals kept in reserves cover aspects such as the size of the herd, configuration of pasture areas (reserves), removal of antlers, feed and slaughter. (NL standards on production, Part B.II: 1.7 Game reserves 2.6 Fodder for reserve game 7. Transport and slaughtering)
The NATURLAND standard is more extensive. Husbandry of deer is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide strict rules for any significant type of agriculture / food production.
Livestock management, general requirements, deer - SE KRAV 2006
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The KRAV standards have several standards for deer. The environment should be natural and contain plants and food that deer prefer. There should be protection in the enclosure by trees or forest. Handling of deer should be done so that stress is minimised. All deer should be able to feed at the feeding station at the same time. The feed should 100% KRAV –certified, 30% of the daily intake can be concentrate. Deer kids should suckle until natural weaning. Deer should only be slaughtered in the enclosure or adjacent to the enclosure (KRAV standards, several paragraphs in chapter 5).
The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not have any specific standards for deer. Deer are in several ways quite different to other ruminants. It is important that they are treated in the best way.
Livestock management, general requirements, deer - SP CRAE Rules 2002
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Standards for marketing animals and animal products with the organic label, the animals should be bred in accordance with the general standards and principles of regulation (EU) 1804/1999 (individually for the herbivores mammals establishment - REWRITE TO AID UNDERSTANDING), regulated by the present practical standards. The document is split into 6 main points regulating the following aspects: a) conversion period; b) animal origin; c) animal feeding; d) animal management, including the maximal units per area; e) animal housing and f) animal transport . The 5 page documents approved by the Advisory Council for Organic Farming (CRAE), is in force and has been applied by all the semi-public Spanish Certification bodies in Spain since 09-05-2002
The CRAE-MAPA standard for deer is more extensive. Husbandry of deer is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91 To provide clear rules for any significant type of agricultural / food production.
Livestock management, general requirements, rabbits - AT Bio Austria General Standard 2006
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In addition to the general rules for animals there are special rules for rabbits about the stock density, outdoor access and feed to stocks of over 50 fattening rabbits: (BA-Rules 2006 chapter 3.16) Husbandry conditions Housing area: minimum 0.125 m2 per fattening rabbit from weaning until the end of the 8th week of age = 8 animals per m2. After the end of the 8th week, 0.25 m2 per animal = 4 rabbits per m. Housing height: minimum 60 cm. Housing flooring: litter strewn resting area. Up to 50 % of the housing floor may be perforated. Outside access: paved and easy to clean, partial roofing possible. Minimum outside access area: 0.125 m2 per fattening rabbit. Group husbandry with manageable group sizes (max. 40 animals per group) Feeding The feeding rules are similar to the other BA Standards. Feeding facilities must be arranged in such a manner that even low-ranked animals receive sufficient feed. Branches with bark must be available for gnawing, and must be changed at least every 14 days.
The Bio Austria General Standard is very detailed also for rabbit husbandry, while as the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover this area of concern. Because the EU Regulation do not cover legal rules for rabbit husbandry it was considered to be necessary to give minimum standards to this part of animal husbandry.
Livestock management, general requirements, rabbits - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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The specific standards for BIOLAND rabbits regulate the following aspects: Maximum group size, characteristics of stable and roaming area, feeding and purchase of animals. (Bioland production standards, Keeping rabbits 4.2.8.; Bioland production standards, 4.5.7 Rabbit feeding; Bioland production standards, 4.8. Additional purchase of animals, 4.8.2.6 Rabbits)
Bioland has specific standards for rabbits husbandry. This is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide standards for all types of animal production, practised in the regions inspected and certified by BIOLAND.
Livestock management, general requirements, rabbits - FR Regulation 2000
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There are standards for organic rearing of rabbits.
French regulation includes standards for organic rabbit breeding. There are no such standards in the EU Regulation 2092/91. French rabbit breeders asked for organic standards.
Livestock management, general requirements, rabbits - NO Governmental Regulation 2005
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In addition to the general rules for animals there are special rules for rabbits / conversion period (10 weeks)/ outdoor access (as reg 2092) / use of pens or transportable grazing cages / possibility to conceal themselves / outdoor area shall mainly consist of soil with grass-vegetation / area must have a rest period of one year every second year / access to water obl. / maximum number of animals per hutch (25) / slaughter and angora in common bins, breeding animals can be kept in individual bins (and shall have nest boxes) / minimum area Angora (0,2 m2), fattening rabbits (0,3 m2), breeding rabbits (0,7 m2), floors (at least half shall be solid) / breeding (not more than 4 litters a year, young rabbits at least 5 weeks together with mother) / feeding young rabbits (at least 5 weeks with milk from rabbits) and others (min 60% roughage).
Governmental regulation is more detailed, since the EU 2092/91 does not have specific rules for rabbits. Because the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover legal rules for rabbits.
Livestock management, rearing, calves - CZ PRO-BIO Standards 2004 Calves must stay with their mother for at least 24 hours after birth. (PB Standards Part II, Chapter 3. 5) No similar paragraph is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Ethically non-aceptable methods may not be used in organic farming according PRO-BIO Standards.
Livestock mangement, general requirements, rabbits - DE Naturland 2005
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The NATURLAND rules for rabbits cover aspects such as the size of the group, size and configuration of the run, outdoor access and feeding. (NL standards on production, Part B.II: 1.8 Rabbits 2.7 Rabbit fodder)
The NATURLAND standard is more extensive. Husbandry of rabbits is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide clear and detailed rules for any significant type of agriculture / food production.
Livestock mangement, general requirements, rabbits - SP CRAE-MAPA Rules 1999
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The organic rabbits standards approved by the old Spanish Council for the Organic Farming Regulation (CRAE) cover aspects such as the size of the grouping, conversion period, outdoor access and feeding and other issues to prevent diseases. This organic standards are being applied in all the regions in Spain.
The governmental CRAE-MAPA regulation includes standards for organic rabbit breeding. There are no such specific standards in the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide clear and detailed rules for any significant type of agriculture / food production.