Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • Product handling, storage, processing, transportation and packaging - not in EC Reg
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Cleaning, disinfection and pest control - SE KRAV 2006
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KRAV has a whole range of standards for handling cleaning, disinfection and pest control in all areas were organic products are produced, handled, processed and stored. The operators shall first of all work with precautionary measures and also do a risk assessment to foresee and prevent problems. The operator shall carry out sanitary and building measures to minimise potential problems. Cleaning of facilities is stressed. For chemical products used which may be of possible danger to human health or environment the products less harmful shall be used (this is a Swedish legal requirement). For disinfection and pest control in storages, handling and processing facilities, mechanical methods shall be preferred. If these are not effective physical methods can be used, after that biotechnical methods can be used and as the last option chemical methods can be used when the other methods are considered impossible. Organic products should not be contaminated by the disinfection or pest control methods and all activities have to be documented. (KRAV Standards paragraph 2.12.9 - 2.12.11).
Cleaning, disinfection and pest control is covered in the EU Regulation 2092/91 to the extent of reducing the risk for contamination of organic products but the more thorough stepwise approach of working with precautionary measures and risk assessment is not covered. The step by step system avoiding the use of chemicals for disinfection and pest control is also not covered. Cleaning, disinfection and pest control are areas were it is a risk for contamination of organic products by the substances used. Through a good management system the use of problems can be reduced considerably. The substances used for fumigations and other pest control efforts are often toxic and have other environmental effects.
Processing, feed and seeds - SE KRAV 2006
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Only processes allowed for food processing can be used for processing of feed and seed. Allowed processes are mechanical, physical, biological and enzymatic processes. Water, ethanol and fats are allowed as solvents for extraction. Smoking and precipitation is also allowed (KRAV standards paragraph 2.12.5, 5.3.8 and 9.2.4).
This is not clearly described in EU Regulation 2092/91. Processing of feed and seed are important parts of organic agriculture. It is important to be as clear as possible when writing standards.
Processing, milk - SP CCPAE Cataluña Rules 2003
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The CCPAE general standards document contains 3 chapters (10, 16, 17) related to organic milk production and the processing of milk products. Chapter 10 is related to milking processes and conservation of milk on the farm. Chapter 16 covers standards for milk processing industries and chapter 17 is related to organic processing of milk based products. It can be downloaded from the CCPAE webpage in spanish and catalanish (
CCPAE has specific standards for organic milk processing while the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specify this area. To ensure a higher confidence in organic food and the quality of farming systems for milk products.