Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • Product handling, storage, processing, transportation and packaging - not in EC Reg
        • Special product group processing standards
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Cosmetics and cleaning materials - FR Nature et Progres 2001
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There are standards for organic cosmetics and cleaning materials. Nature et Progrès standards include mainly use of organic ingredients, forbid use of petrochemical molecules and synthetic constituents, ensure a high biodegradability of products, etc.
Nature et Progrès standards include standards for cosmetics and cleaning materials whiel the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. There is now a huge "organic" or "natural" cosmetics industry in Europe, but there are no EU rules or standards for these. If we want organic cosmetics to be really organic and avoid consumers being misled there is a need to define standards.
Honey, processing and storage - Naturland 2005
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The heating of honey to more than 38°C and filtering under pressure is not allowed. Honey should be stored in a cool, dark and dry place. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.8: 2 Extraction of honey 3 Storage and conservation)
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate in detail the processing of animal products. However it contains a general requirement of careful and adequate extraction, processing and storage of beekeeping products (Annex IC.7.7.) To ensure NATURLAND honey to be a high quality product.
Honey, quality - Naturland 2005
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NATURLAND certified honey which is to be sold for consumption has to meet certain quality criteria for water content, HMF content and invertase index. ("In addition to the legal stipulations, the following criteria must be fulfilled: - water content, measured by the AOAC method, max. 18% (heather honey 21.5%) - HMF ( = Hydroxymethylfurfural)-content, measured according to Winkler, max. 10 mg/kg6 - invertase Index, min. 10 (Hadorn-/Gontarski unit). In the case of honey from acacia, lime trees and phacelia, min. 7 (analyses according to AOAC = Association of Official Agricultural Chemists"). Otherwise the honey can be sold for processing purposes. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.8.4 Measurable quality of the honey)
The NATURLAND standard rules quality criteria for honey in detail. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate quality criteria for honey. This aspect is regulated by the legal provisions of the member states, and there it is identical for both organic and conventional produce. To ensure NATURLAND honey to be a high quality product.
Plant processing inputs, viticulture - NL SKAL Standards 2005
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Skal has included the following specific additives to Annex VI for wine processing:E220 (sulfurdioxide) and E224 (Potassium-metabisulfide), citrus seed extract and ethyl alcohol.
Norms for processing of products that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91, must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Exceptions are made for additives for cheese, non-food, dog and cat feed, wine and meat products, where SKAL has listed allowed additives. The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of wine products yet. Rules for wine contribute to transparency and consumer trust.
Plant processing, viticulture - Bio Austria General Standard 2006
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When wine is produced from organically grown grapes, resource and energy intensive procedures are to be avoided. Organic waste resulting from wine production must be recycled and returned to the soil. Waste water must not cause environmental pollution. The Bio Austria General Standard allows 3 oenological practices and describes positive lists for treating agents for must, wine and also for cleaning and disinfection. In addition there are rules for packaging and labelling.
The Bio Austria General Standard is detailed concerning wine processing, while the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover wine processing. n case of wine of organic grapes there is a lack of legal rules within the EU Regulation. The declaration of wine needs to describe the oenological practices. This creates transparency and ensures consumer confidence.
Plant processing, viticulture - DE Naturland 2005
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The NATURLAND standards regulate the production of wine: Processing procedures and additives, cleaning agents and disinfectants, packaging. The standard is applicable to the production of grape juice, wine, sparkling wine or spirits. It applies in addition to national regulations. (NL standards on production, Part VII. Viniculture and vine production, 5. Processing)
The production of wine is not yet regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide detailed rules for organic production of all important areas of food production.
Processing inputs, cheese - NL SKAL Standards 2005
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SKAL has included the following specific additives to Annex VI for cheese processing: Calcium chloride (CaCl2) and hydrochloric acid (HCl).
Norms for the processing of products that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91 must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Exceptions are made for additives for cheese, non-food, dog and cat feed, wine and meat products. The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of cheese products in detail. Since the cheese processing demands several additives, these should be permitted in general.
Processing, milk - SP CCPAE Cataluña Rules 2003
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The CCPAE general standards document contains 3 chapters (10, 16, 17) related to organic milk production and the processing of milk products. Chapter 10 is related to milking processes and conservation of milk on the farm. Chapter 16 covers standards for milk processing industries and chapter 17 is related to organic processing of milk based products. It can be downloaded from the CCPAE webpage in spanish and catalanish (www.ccpae.org)
CCPAE has specific standards for organic milk processing while the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specify this area. To ensure a higher confidence in organic food and the quality of farming systems for milk products.
Sea salt production - FR Nature et Progres 2005
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There are standards for the collection and preparation of sea salt.
Nature et Progrès standards include standards for sea salt production. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. Salt is a major ingredient in food. Therefore, it was necessary to define organic standards for sea salt production, including manual harvest, environmental management of saltworks, use of non-polluting materials for harvesting, transport and storage, monitoring of polluants, etc..
Textiles, fibre - Int. IFOAM Standards 2005
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Minimal requirements for fibre processing are stated in the IFOAM standards such as: Operators should avoid the use of non-biodegradable, bio-accumulating input products and heavy metals. (6.7.)
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover the area of fiber processing.
Textiles, hides leather and skins, processing, - SE KRAV 2006
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The KRAV standards cover standards for textiles, hides leather and skins. The standards covers all kind of products like yarn, fabrics, clothes, cloths, mats, decoration textiles, non-woven products, skins and hides. The whole process from raw material, processing, accessories and labelling are covered. Special focus is put on environmental aspects of wet processing, dying and several other environmental issues. (KRAV standards chapter 13 and 14).
Standards for textiles, hides leather and skins are not covered in EU Regulation 2092/91. There is an interest for organic textiles both from producers and consumers. In reality there have few products on the market.
Textiles, processing - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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Standards require that; a detailed record of processing is kept (use of all raw materials, consumption of water, energy, waste waters, disposal of waste), a plan for reduction of negative impacts on the environment is produced, effective waste water treatment and further detailed requirements as set out in Annex 4. See KEZ Standards, Part IV, Article 28.and Annex 4.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover the area of fibre processing.
Textiles, raw materials - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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This article deals with requirements for textile raw materials: percentage of raw materials used for the production of a textile product labelled as organic, permits the retting in the field, allows the use of conventional fibres of different sort when organic are not available. Lists of prohibited synthetic fibres, origin of non-textile materials, rules for use of tensides and content of cadmium in non-textile materials. See KEZ Standards, Part IV., Article 29.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not deal with requirements for textile raw materials. KEZ Standards take into consideration all possible fields of organic agricultural production.
Viticulture, general requirements - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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In the NATURLAND standards for the production of wine the following aspects are regulated: Processing procedures and additives, cleaning agents and disinfectants and packaging. The standard is applicable to the production of grape juice, wine, sparkling wine or spirits. It applies in addition to national regulations. (NL standards on production, Part VII. Viniculture and vine production, 5. Processing)
The production of wine is not yet regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. All procedures and measures when processing grapes and producing juice, wine and sparkling wine have to be directed at the following aims: - manufacture of produce of superior quality - avoidance of procedures which intensively use raw materials and energy - sulphurous acid should be kept to a minimum - avoidance of all substances which are harmful to the environment and dangerous to the health in their production, use and disposal - processing and treatment of all organic residues resulting from production in such a way that they do not damage the environment. Marc, yeast and clarification dregs are to be recycled in the course of production as organic fertilizer. (NL standards on production, Part VII. Viniculture and vine production, 5. Processing)
Viticulture, general requirements - Nature et Progres Standards 2001
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There are standards for wine-growing and winemaking.
Nature et Progrès standards include standards for winemaking. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. he lack of winemaking rules in EU Regulation is a big problem all over Europe, and especially in France. Nature et Progres winemaking standards include environnemental management in cellar, exclusion or limitation of inputs such as SO2 and other processing aids. delete this section: it is not a justification
Viticulture, general requirements - SP Sohicert 2002
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Standards for organic wine grapes harvesting and transport, wine processing, raising wines, vinager of wine, labelling, controls system and bottling of organic wine (8 capitels, 17 pages).
Standards for processing of products, that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91, must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of wine products yet, while Sohicert has. Rules for organic wine contribute to transparency and consumer trust.