Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing
      • Social justice and fair trade - not in EC Reg
        • Social Justice
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Social Justice - Int. IFOAM Standards - 2005
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Operators should have a policy on social justice. Violation of basic human rights and social injustice lead to non approval of the operation as organic. Forced labour and discrimination is prohibited. Child labour is accepted with clear constraints.(8)
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not address the matter. As organic farming is a method respecting nature in its whole, human beings who also belong to the system should also be treated in a respectful way.
Social Justice - Italian Organic Standards 2005
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The Italian Organic Standards (IOS) requires the organic operator to respect some social and labour principles within her/his relationship with any member of the team of the farm/firm.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not address social justice principles. In harmony with the IFOAM principles of fairness, the IOS requires the organic operator, to respect together with the environment the social justice principles of equal opportunities, working conditions, and absence of discrimination.
Social justice - SE KRAV 2006
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In the KRAV standards operators are requested to have a written policy on social justice, exempted are compamies with less than 10 employees and those who operate under a state system that enforces social laws. Involuntary labour shall not be used. The operators shall provide their employees and contractors equal opportunity and treatement and not act in a discriminatory way. They shall also have the freedom to associate, right to organise and to bargain collectively. Children shall have the possibility to attend basic education (KRAV standards paragraph 2.3.10).
Social justice is not covered in EU Regulation 2092/91. Social justice is an important part of organic agriculture. More and more consumers have concerns about whether the products that they buy are produced under acceptable conditions.