Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods
      • Substances for animal husbandry
        • Feed materials - Annex II C
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, animal origin - Demeter International 2005
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Feeding stuffs of animal origin other than milk and milk products cannot be given to herbivores. (DI production standards, 5.5.2. Feeding of dairy cows, sheep, goats and horses; DI production standards, 5.5.4. Feeding of replacement calves, calves for fattening, foal, lambs and kids)
The DI standards restricts feeding stuffs of animal origin for herbivores. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 fish and other animal products derived from the sea can be fed. Feeds must be appropriate to the class of animals and its physiological needs.
Animal fodder, animal origin - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 There is a limited list of feeds of animal origin permitted for feeding to livestock. Certain items on this list are permitted to be fed only to non-herbivores. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 10.13.23. Soil Association standards are more restrictive than EU Regulation 2092/91. Soil Association standards specify that fish molluscan or crustacean autolysates, hydrolysates and proteolysates obtained by enzyme action, fish oil, and fishmeal may be fed only to non-herbivores. EU Regulation allows feeding of these products to both herbivores and non-herbivores. Feeding fish products to herbivores is incompatible with their innate behaviour and therefore contradicts the principles of care and fairness.
Animal fodder, animal origin, fish products - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 There is a limited list of feeds of animal origin permitted for feeding to animals. Among these, any fish products must be either a by-product of fish for human consumption or from fisheries certified as being sustainably managed. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 10.13.23. Soil Association standards contain an additional restriction not included in EU Regulation 2092/91. Soil Association standards state that fish products for animal feed must be either by-products of human consumption or products of fisheries certified by a recognised body as sustainably managed. EU Regulation 2092/91 allows the use of any fish product for this purpose. The Soil Association standards aim to ensure that the use of fish products for organic animal feed does not increase the amount of unsustainable fishing.
Animal fodder, general requirements - US NOP 2002
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§ 205.237 Livestock feed. (a) The producer of an organic livestock operation must provide livestock with a total feed ration composed of agricultural products, including pasture and forage that are organically produced and if applicable organically handled: In exception those nonsynthetic substances and synthetic substances allowed under § 205.603 may be used as feed additives and supplements.
US require 100 % organic feed (except for approved feed additives and approved synthetic inert ingredients and milk replacer in case of an emergency). EU Regulation 2092/91 allows feed from conventional sources 5 % for herbivores and up to 15 % for other species until 2007 with a decreasing share until 2011. From 2012 onwards EU also require 100 % organic feed. EU specifies feed formula per species, US does not. EU requires that for herbivores at least 50 % of the feed must come from the farm unit itself or a cooperating farm, whereas US does not. No justification was available.
Animal fodder, origin - DE Bioland 2005
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50% of the feed for one animal species has to be produced on the same farm. The rest can be bought in, preferably from other BIOLAND certified farms. In case of small stock sizes of poultry, pigs and horses (less than 1000 laying hens or the respective figure of other poultry categories, less than 30 sows, less than 60 fattening pigs places or less than 10 horses) 100 % of the fodder can be purchased. If unavailable other organic feeding stuffs and certain conventional feeding stuffs can be used after approval. Ready mixed feed components and mineral feed components can only be purchased from BIOLAND certified, respectively BIOLAND approved companies. Conventional feeding stuffs can only make up 5% of the diet of pigs (not all kind of pig production), 10% for laying hens, 15% for pullets, 15% for fattening poultry and only until an age of 10 weeks, 5% for sheep and 10% for deer. The daily intake of conventional feeding stuffs is limited to 25%. Only a few conventional feeding stuffs are admitted (hay, grass silage, leguminous plants, cereals and mill residue products, oil-bearing seeds, oil cakes, oil expellers, fodder beets, potato protein (only for pigs and poultry), gluten of maize (only poultry), winter grazing on extensively managed areas(only for sheep). Some more conventional feeding stuffs can be used during the conversion period, as long as the animal products are marketed without reference to organic agriculture. Conventional grassland harvest from the own farm can be fed to all kind of animals within the percentages allowed according to the EU Regulation and without specific approval. Animal feed must be of a good quality, feeding stuffs from third world countries, feeding stuffs of animal origin (except for milk) and extraction groats are excluded. (Bioland production standards, 4.4 Animal Density and Purchase of Additional Feedstuffs, 4.4.1 General; Bioland production standards, 10.4 Temporary regulations for purchased feed from non-organic origin; Bioland production standards, 10.4.1 - 10.4.5; Bioland production standards, 4.4.3 Quality of purchased feed; Bioland production standards, 4.4.2 Feed from land in conversion)
The BIOLAND standard contains further restrictions. Less conventional feeding stuffs are admitted and the respective percentages are lower. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 ruminants can be fed with up to 5% conventional feeding stuffs listed in the Annex II C and pigs and poultry can be given up to 15% until the end of 2007. After that the percentage will decline (10% until the end of 2009, 5% until the end of 2011). If animal products are not to be marketed with reference to organic farming within 5 years of the beginning of the conversion period, more types of conventional feeding stuffs (but still less than in the EU Regulation) and the same percentages as indicated in the EU Regulation are admissible. The stipulation to have 50% feed produced on the same farm is restricted in the EU Regulation to herbivores and it can be produced by another organic farm as a cooperation partner.Bioland excludes feeding stuff originating from developping countries, EU doesn't specifiy the origin. The animal density is mainly oriented on the basis of the provision of feed by the business/farm itself. The purchase of fodder is subject to most stringent quality standards in order to minimise the load placed on the operational cycle of the business by pollutants. Bioland production standards, 4.4 Animal Density and Purchase of Additional Feedstuffs, 4.4.1 General; Bioland production standards, 4.4 Animal Density and Purchase of Additional Feedstuffs, 4.4.3 Quality of purchased feed; The provisions refer to the ecological principle of recyling of nutrients and mutual benefit among the different production units of a farm. Furthermore contamination with objectionable substances (i.e. solubles used for extraction processes)must be avoided.
Animal fodder, origin - Demeter International 2005
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Brought in feed should originate from Demeter production if possible, certain quantities of feed may come from not fully certified but biodynamic areas and from organically farmed areas. (DI production standards, 5.5.1. Brought in feeds and in conversion feeds; DI production standards, Appendix 7, APP 11 and 12)
The DI standard is more detailed in this aspect. The EU Regulation 2092/91 requires organic feed and admits feeding of up to 10% brought in feed of conventional origin if this is listed in the corresponding annex and not available in organic quality. Nothing is stated about the percentage of in conversion feed in the daily ration. In order to produce high quality products; the quality of the feed influences the quality of the animal product.
Animal fodder, origin - Naturland 2005
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Purchased animal feed must come with preference from NATURLAND certified or equivalent sources. In case of non-availability the admissible percentages of feeding stuffs from conventional origin are 10% for ruminants and 15% for pigs and poultry, if the products are to be marketed with reference to organic production. Otherwise the corresponding percentages of the EU Regulation apply. Only those feeding stuffs listed in the corresponding annexes can be used. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.2.Feeding: 2.1 General requirements, 2.4. Pigs, 2.5. Poultry Appendix 3), 2.Feeding)
The NATURLAND standard contains further restrictions with a lower percentage of conventional feed components for pigs and poultry. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 pigs and poultry can be fed with up to 20% conventional feeding stuff (until 31.12.2005), if the requested organic feed components are not available. This appies to any livestock producer, regardless of the labelling of the product. The NATURLAND list of admissible feeding stuffs of conventional origin is less extensive and includes an indication of which feeding stuff can be used for which type of animal, (i.e. cereals and legume crops are excluded, fish is limited to the feeding of young poultry)) Feeding stuffs that are in general not available in organic quality, or that are considered as problematical (such as soy bean) are excluded from the list to ensure the innocuousness and organic quality throughout the entire production chain.
Processing, animal feedstuffs - SP CAAE Standards 2001
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Organic standards for processing animal feedstuffs of the Andalusian Committee for Organic Farming (CAAE), from 06/06/2001 (MO-RP-09), have specific requirements regarding ingredients and labelling. It should be indicated if the feedstuffs are made with 100 % organic feed ingredients or only 100 % organic in conversion ingredients. Standards regulate what must be written on the labels.
CAAE Standards for processing animal feedstuffs are specific, whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 is in this area more general. To ensure a better processing of organic animal feedstuffs.