Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods
      • Substances for animal husbandry
        • Feed additives, other substances used in animal nutrition/feedingstuff - Annex II D
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, feed additives - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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Feed additives are allowed if listed in the corresponding appendix (10.4.6.). The amount of copper and zinc is limited. The use of certain substances requires approval of BIOLAND and some can only be used for specific purposes. (Bioland production standards, 4.4.4 Feed additives; Bioland production standards, 10.4.6 Permitted single fodder and additives as feed additives in feeding animals)
The provisions are very similar but in some cases more detailed, i.e. the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not limit the amount of copper and zinc and preservatives do not require specific approval. Avoiding contamination with copper and zinc in outdoor runs and manure.
Animal fodder, general requirements - US NOP 2002
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§ 205.237 Livestock feed. (a) The producer of an organic livestock operation must provide livestock with a total feed ration composed of agricultural products, including pasture and forage that are organically produced and if applicable organically handled: In exception those nonsynthetic substances and synthetic substances allowed under § 205.603 may be used as feed additives and supplements.
US require 100 % organic feed (except for approved feed additives and approved synthetic inert ingredients and milk replacer in case of an emergency). EU Regulation 2092/91 allows feed from conventional sources 5 % for herbivores and up to 15 % for other species until 2007 with a decreasing share until 2011. From 2012 onwards EU also require 100 % organic feed. EU specifies feed formula per species, US does not. EU requires that for herbivores at least 50 % of the feed must come from the farm unit itself or a cooperating farm, whereas US does not. No justification was available.
Animal fodder, origin - DE Bioland 2005
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50% of the feed for one animal species has to be produced on the same farm. The rest can be bought in, preferably from other BIOLAND certified farms. In case of small stock sizes of poultry, pigs and horses (less than 1000 laying hens or the respective figure of other poultry categories, less than 30 sows, less than 60 fattening pigs places or less than 10 horses) 100 % of the fodder can be purchased. If unavailable other organic feeding stuffs and certain conventional feeding stuffs can be used after approval. Ready mixed feed components and mineral feed components can only be purchased from BIOLAND certified, respectively BIOLAND approved companies. Conventional feeding stuffs can only make up 5% of the diet of pigs (not all kind of pig production), 10% for laying hens, 15% for pullets, 15% for fattening poultry and only until an age of 10 weeks, 5% for sheep and 10% for deer. The daily intake of conventional feeding stuffs is limited to 25%. Only a few conventional feeding stuffs are admitted (hay, grass silage, leguminous plants, cereals and mill residue products, oil-bearing seeds, oil cakes, oil expellers, fodder beets, potato protein (only for pigs and poultry), gluten of maize (only poultry), winter grazing on extensively managed areas(only for sheep). Some more conventional feeding stuffs can be used during the conversion period, as long as the animal products are marketed without reference to organic agriculture. Conventional grassland harvest from the own farm can be fed to all kind of animals within the percentages allowed according to the EU Regulation and without specific approval. Animal feed must be of a good quality, feeding stuffs from third world countries, feeding stuffs of animal origin (except for milk) and extraction groats are excluded. (Bioland production standards, 4.4 Animal Density and Purchase of Additional Feedstuffs, 4.4.1 General; Bioland production standards, 10.4 Temporary regulations for purchased feed from non-organic origin; Bioland production standards, 10.4.1 - 10.4.5; Bioland production standards, 4.4.3 Quality of purchased feed; Bioland production standards, 4.4.2 Feed from land in conversion)
The BIOLAND standard contains further restrictions. Less conventional feeding stuffs are admitted and the respective percentages are lower. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 ruminants can be fed with up to 5% conventional feeding stuffs listed in the Annex II C and pigs and poultry can be given up to 15% until the end of 2007. After that the percentage will decline (10% until the end of 2009, 5% until the end of 2011). If animal products are not to be marketed with reference to organic farming within 5 years of the beginning of the conversion period, more types of conventional feeding stuffs (but still less than in the EU Regulation) and the same percentages as indicated in the EU Regulation are admissible. The stipulation to have 50% feed produced on the same farm is restricted in the EU Regulation to herbivores and it can be produced by another organic farm as a cooperation partner.Bioland excludes feeding stuff originating from developping countries, EU doesn't specifiy the origin. The animal density is mainly oriented on the basis of the provision of feed by the business/farm itself. The purchase of fodder is subject to most stringent quality standards in order to minimise the load placed on the operational cycle of the business by pollutants. Bioland production standards, 4.4 Animal Density and Purchase of Additional Feedstuffs, 4.4.1 General; Bioland production standards, 4.4 Animal Density and Purchase of Additional Feedstuffs, 4.4.3 Quality of purchased feed; The provisions refer to the ecological principle of recyling of nutrients and mutual benefit among the different production units of a farm. Furthermore contamination with objectionable substances (i.e. solubles used for extraction processes)must be avoided.
Animal fodder, origin - Naturland 2005
Purchased animal feed must come with preference from NATURLAND certified or equivalent sources. In case of non-availability the admissible percentages of feeding stuffs from conventional origin are 10% for ruminants and 15% for pigs and poultry, if the products are to be marketed with reference to organic production. Otherwise the corresponding percentages of the EU Regulation apply. Only those feeding stuffs listed in the corresponding annexes can be used. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.2.Feeding: 2.1 General requirements, 2.4. Pigs, 2.5. Poultry Appendix 3), 2.Feeding)
The NATURLAND standard contains further restrictions with a lower percentage of conventional feed components for pigs and poultry. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 pigs and poultry can be fed with up to 20% conventional feeding stuff (until 31.12.2005), if the requested organic feed components are not available. This appies to any livestock producer, regardless of the labelling of the product. The NATURLAND list of admissible feeding stuffs of conventional origin is less extensive and includes an indication of which feeding stuff can be used for which type of animal, (i.e. cereals and legume crops are excluded, fish is limited to the feeding of young poultry)) Feeding stuffs that are in general not available in organic quality, or that are considered as problematical (such as soy bean) are excluded from the list to ensure the innocuousness and organic quality throughout the entire production chain.
Animal fodder, synthetic vitamins - CZ KEZ Standards 2005 The use of synthetic vitamins is generally permitted, both for monogastric animals and for ruminants. (KEZ Standards, Part 2, 9.2). EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex II/D 1.2 allows the use of synthetic vitamins only for monogastric animals. The use of synthetic vitamins of types A, D and E for ruminants is allowed under limited conditions. KEZ Standards contain further requirements; they require recommendation from a veterinarian and permission of the certification body for their use in any case. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.