Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex III - Minimum inspection Requirements/precautionary measures
      • Specific provisions
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Contamination, buffer zones, conventional agriculture - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 Where organic crops are grown next to non-organic crops, there must be an effective windbreak if there is any risk of spray drift or other contamination. This buffer zone must be 10 metres wide, or increased to 20 metres if the organic crop is next to a sprayed orchard. Otherwise, there must be a buffer zone of specified width, within which the crops cannot be sold as organic. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 3.7.2-3.7.4. Soil Association standards are very precise. They require that, where organic crops are growing next to non-organic crops, there must be an effective windbreak if there is any risk of spray drift or other contamination. Otherwise, there must be a buffer zone, within which the crops cannot be sold as organic. EU Regulation 2092/91 states only that the organic unit must have land parcels and production that are clearly separate from non-organic units. Soil Association standards are intended to minimise health risks that may result from the contamination of organic crops with prohibited inputs by minimising the amounts carried onto the holding by the wind. To be more effective in this purpose, the minimum requirements to achieve it are specified, whereas EU Regulation leaves the purpose and the means open to interpretation.
Contamination, reducing, processing units - Italian Organic Standards 2005
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The Italian Organic Standards (IOS) for handling, processing, packaging and marketing of agri-food products define specific general requirements for the operators to follow. Particular attention is dedicated to avoiding cross-contamination between organic and conventional productions within the same processing unit.
The Italian Organic Standards (IOS) for handling, processing, packaging and marketing of agri-food products define specific general requirements for the operators to follow. EU Regulation 2092/91 has more general requirements for processing and packaging of organic products. Unlike crop and livestock production, mixed processing firms can be certified by the inspection body. Therefore it is important to put in place all possible measures to avoid cross-contamination between organic and conventional productions within the same processing unit.
Full farm conversion - SI BIODAR 2002
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SI BIODAR standards require a successful whole farm conversion as a condition for the use of BIODAR logo, with the only possible exception of beekeeping.
BIODAR standards do not allow a parallel production of different production branches in the farm, with exception of beekeeping (1.1), whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 does allow a split conventional and organic production by the same manager. Whole farm conversion is a measure to guarantee transparency of organic production to the consumer and minimize fraud or unwanted pollution. Another important reason is the low average size of Slovenian farms that makes a controllable split production hardly possible.
Inspections, specific provisions - US NOP 2002
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ยง 205.403 ? 205.406 Inspection and certification US has no specific provisions for inspection of plant or animal production or processing but requires a production or handling system plan to be annually updated to describe in detail the management of the organic production.
EU Regulation 2092/91 has specific provisions for inspection in case an operator runs conventional and organic production units in the same area. The crop records must give a breakdown by plot and the livestock records detailed description on the herd and the herd management system. EU describes more detailed the provisions for records and for reception of products from other units and also covers provisions for sub-contracted units. US are less detailed. No justification was available.