Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex III - Minimum inspection Requirements/precautionary measures
      • Specific provisions
        • Livestock or livestock products - Annex III A2
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal health plan - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 10.3.3. The livestock management plan must include a livestock health plan, preferably made with assistance of the farm veterinarian; showing how disease resistance will be built and how the use of veterinary medicines will be minimised. There are a number of detailed specifications that must be implemented in the livestock health plan. The plan must include health management during and after conversion, methods used to monitor and diagnose disease, disease control measures, the methods used to reduce pre-existing livestock health problems. The Soil Association have templates available to assist producers in formulating these livestock management and health plans. In their requirement for a livestock health plan, the Soil Association standards comply with the UK Compendium of Organic Standards, Annex 1B, Paragraph 5.1. Soil Association standards contain detailed specifications not included in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Soil Association standards require that the livestock management plan should include a livestock health plan, preferably made with the assistance of the farm vet. EU Regulation mentions the requirement for a livestock health plan as part of the general requirements for a management plan for the organic-production livestock unit in Annex III, Paragraph 1, but includes no further relevant guidance or requirements. The Soil Association standards specifications and guidance for livestock health plans are intended to provide a standard means to apply best practice and promote positive animal health, and to allow the monitoring of health indicators for a progressive reduction of veterinary treatments. Livestock health plans are a management tool for producers and a health and welfare evaluation tool for organic inspectors. They are seen as best practice in UK livestock husbandry, contributing to the fulfilment and verification of the practices and positive outcomes of organic livestock husbandry.
Full farm conversion - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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The farm has to be converted completely. In exceptional cases the conversion can be realised step by step, but must be completed at the latest after 5 years. (Bioland production standards, 9.2.2 Conversion of Total Business; Bioland production standards, 9.2.5 Conversion Deadlines)
The BIOLAND standard has the additional restriction of whole farm conversion, where according to the EU Regulation 2092/91 single but clearly separated farming units can be converted to organic farming. BIOLAND has maximum time limit to complete the conversion period, wereas the EU regulation has no time indication.. In order to increase credibility of organic farming, to minimise risks of contamination or fraud. To consider specific circumstances of single farms, that impede the whole farm conversion in one step.
Full farm conversion - DE Naturland 2005
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A Naturland producer contract implies the obligation to convert and apply the standards on all areas of a farm, managed under the responsibility of one farm manager. (NL standards on production 2005: Part A.I.2.Producer contract)
The NATURLAND standard requires conversion of the whole farm whreas the EU Regulation 2092/91 allows the conversion of separated farm units. Whole farm conversion is required in order to reduce the danger of contamination or fraud and to safeguard organic integrity.
Inspections, specific provisions - US NOP 2002
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§ 205.403 ? 205.406 Inspection and certification US has no specific provisions for inspection of plant or animal production or processing but requires a production or handling system plan to be annually updated to describe in detail the management of the organic production.
EU Regulation 2092/91 has specific provisions for inspection in case an operator runs conventional and organic production units in the same area. The crop records must give a breakdown by plot and the livestock records detailed description on the herd and the herd management system. EU describes more detailed the provisions for records and for reception of products from other units and also covers provisions for sub-contracted units. US are less detailed. No justification was available.
Livestock and animal products, traceability - SP CRAE MAPA/CAAE Standards 2001
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The Spanish organisations CRAE MAPA/CAAE 2001 have special traceability standards for animal and meat products. CRAE-MAPA and also CAAE Andalucia have specific organic standards, outlined in a 5 page document. They contain requirements in 7 areas: a) identification of the animals on the farm (6 articles); b) transport of slaughtered animals; c) identification of slaughtered animal pieces in the slaughter house (7 articles); d) the identification of slaughtered animal pieces in the slaughter house room for cutting animal in small parts. A specific register should contain the following data: (8.1) date of entrance of the animal to the slaughter house; 8.2) number or authentification code for the living animal; (8.3) origin of the animal, identified by the record number of cattle operation (nº operator); (8.4) number of transport identification accompanying animals; 8.5) date of slaughtering; (8.6) number of seal or seals of each animal parts obtained; (8.7) destination of each part of the animal (nº of registered operator, in/or another region or place and (if it is the case) names of the slaughter houses.
CRAE-MAPA and CAAE organic regulation is more detailed on traceability measures compared to the EU Regulation 2092/91. To reduce the risk of mistakes or fraud. Organic production and processing should be at the forefront of traceability issues.
Livestock management plan - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 Livestock producers are required to implement a livestock management plan to help meet the Standards in a number of important areas. Soil Association standards require livestock producers to develop, agree with the Soil Association, and then implement and monitor a livestock management plan to help meet the Standards in a number of important areas, including the following: sourcing and converting livestock; health and welfare; feeding and grazing, including the stocking density and grazing rotation; housing; handling and transporting; and slaughter. The livestock management plan must be reviewed and updated regularly. Where relevant, the livestock management plan should be integrated with the cropping plan. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 10.3.1 and 10.3.2. Soil Association standards include specifications not made in the EU Regulation 2092/91. EU Regulation 2092/91 mentions the requirement for a livestock management plan in Annex IIIA.2, Paragraph 1, but includes no further relevant guidance or requirements. Soil Association standards provide more detail and guidance to make the livestock management plan a more useful farm-planning tool for producers and a better means to help the Soil Association inspectors to ensure compliance.
Parallel production, GMOs - DE Naturland 2005
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The use of GMO and/or derivates is prohibited. This applies immediately to the whole farm, regardless of the certification status of single farm units. Accidental contamination with GMO of organic produce can lead to decertification. (NL standards on production, Part A.II.6. Non-employment of GMO and GMO derivatives)
The NATURLAND standard contains further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. The EU Regulation allows organic and conventional production at the same time in two separated production units of the same farm. The use of GMO in conventional unit is not prohibited by EU Regulation. NATURLAND standards prohibit GMO use on the whole farm. To avoid contamination with objectionable substances, ensure the organic integrity of Naturland products. Genetically modified organisms (GMO) and their derivates are incompatible with organic cultivation.
Parallel production, crops - CH Bio Suisse Standards 2005
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Parallel production of similar types of organic and non-organic products is permitted only for crops in farms undergoing a stepped conversion process, and not at all for livestock. Parallel production of crops is restricted to vines. In all other cases, parallel production is prohibited (cf. Paragraph 4.1.1. full farm conversion requirement).
BIO SUISSE standards contain an additional restriction not included in the EU Regulation 2092/91. BIO SUISSE standards restrict organic and non-organic parallel production only to perennial vine crops in the circumstances of a stepped conversion, but EU Regulation allows parallel production of similar varieties of perennial crops during a stepped conversion of a maximum five-year period, in research crops, or in crops producing propagation material; in each case, segregation must be guaranteed and inspection must be performed in the conventional production unit of the operation. The other exception allowed in EU Regulation is parallel production of grassland crops only for grazing. By not allowing split production, the situation on the farm is more transparent and easier for inspection: the credibility of organic farming is supported with these measures.
Parallel production, crops - CH Regulation/Ordinance 2005
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Parallel production of the same crops is only possible in farms undergoing a step by step conversion and only for the production areas of wine, perennial fruit and ornamental plants (full separation of audit trail must be granted and inspected).
According to the Swiss Ordinance only during a step-by-step conversion period, some exception for the parallel production in perennial fruit crops is possible in the operation. EU Regulation 2092/91 does at any time accept the parallel production of different varieties of the same crop (if clearly distinguishable), if segregation is granted and inspection is performed in the conventional production unit of the operation. By disallowing parallel production the farm situation is more transparent and inspection is easier. These measures support the credibility of organic farming.