Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by EU regulation

  • EC Council Regulation No. 2092/91
    • Annex VI. Processing
      • Processing aids and other products - Annex VI B
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Honey, prohibited pasteurisation - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 It is prohibited to pasteurise honey. Honey liquification temperatures must be below 60°C, and held for less than 6 hours. Soil Association Organic Standards, Paragraph 41.2.10. Soil Association standards prohibit the pasteurisation of honey and restrict the liquification temperature and time. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not include this prohibition or restriction. The heat involved in pasteurisation has adverse effects on honey quality, including loss of volatile compounds, accumulation of hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and reduction of enzyme activity.
Plant processing inputs, hops - DE Bioland 2005
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The use of sulphur for conservation is prohibited in drying and processing. (Bioland production standards, 5.7 Hop Cultivation, 5.7.5 Preparation)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specifically regulate the drying and processing of hops. Sulphur for drying hops is explicitely excluded. The standard setting body did not give a justification.
Plant processing inputs, viticulture - NL SKAL Standards 2005
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Skal has included the following specific additives to Annex VI for wine processing:E220 (sulfurdioxide) and E224 (Potassium-metabisulfide), citrus seed extract and ethyl alcohol.
Norms for processing of products that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91, must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Exceptions are made for additives for cheese, non-food, dog and cat feed, wine and meat products, where SKAL has listed allowed additives. The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of wine products yet. Rules for wine contribute to transparency and consumer trust.
Plant processing, viticulture - Bio Austria General Standard 2006
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When wine is produced from organically grown grapes, resource and energy intensive procedures are to be avoided. Organic waste resulting from wine production must be recycled and returned to the soil. Waste water must not cause environmental pollution. The Bio Austria General Standard allows 3 oenological practices and describes positive lists for treating agents for must, wine and also for cleaning and disinfection. In addition there are rules for packaging and labelling.
The Bio Austria General Standard is detailed concerning wine processing, while the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover wine processing. n case of wine of organic grapes there is a lack of legal rules within the EU Regulation. The declaration of wine needs to describe the oenological practices. This creates transparency and ensures consumer confidence.
Plant processing, viticulture - SP CCCPAE Cataluña standards and CPAEN Navarra standards 2001
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The CCPAE standards contains one article (17.12) for wine processing, permitting the use of ammonium sulphate (100 mg/l), tartaric acid (E 334) cristalizad from natural origin, maximal 1 g/litre for white wines and 0,5 g/litro for red wines. In those standards its also allowed to use anhidric sulphur (dióxide of Sulphur (E 220), Na metabisulphite (E 223) & Potasium metabisulphite (E 224) by 3 differents methods. The total quantity of SO2 in mg/litre allowed is 100, depending on the type of wine. Arabic gom (E 414) is allowed for the stabilization of the wine The organic standards for wine proceesing from the Council for Organic Production from Navarra (CPAEN), covering similar points as the CCPAE organic grape production and organic wine proceesing standards. The organic standards (28 pages) for wine production and organic wine processing from the Council for Organic Production from Navarra (CPAEN) is covering similar points as the CCPAE organic wine processing standards adding also some standards for viticulture production.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 has not regulated the processing of wine products yet. There are minor differences within CCPAE (see Cuaderno de Normas) and CPAEN organic wine processing Standards. Standards for processing of products that are not yet within the scope of the current EU Regulation, must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Rules for wine contribute to transparency and consumer trust.
Proceesing inputs, food colouring agents - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E170 Calcium carbonate is not allowed as a food colouring agent. So far the EU Regulation No. 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as unnecessary in the production of animal products.
Processing inputs - Nature et Progres Standards 2005
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The list of authorized additives and technical auxiliaries is limited to a strict minimum.
Nature et Progrès standards limit the use of food additives and processing aids. Compared with the EU Regulation 2092/91 the use of E250, E252, E300, E407, E413 E501 and others are forbidden. Some additives, authorised by EU Regulation, present risks of toxicity or are not absolutely neccesary.
Processing inputs - SE KRAV 2006
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The KRAV standards base the acceptance of additives and processing aids for food processing on own criteria plus the elaborate criteria for evaluation of additives to the criteria in the IFOAM Basic Standards for evaluation of inputs, additives and processing aids (KRAV standards paragraph 9.2.2).
In EU Regulation 2092/91 there are no criteria for the evaluation of additives and processing aids. The assessment of additives and processing aids can be very difficult, good criteria can then be of great help. The criteria for evaluation of inputs in the IFOAM Basic Standards are elaborate.
Processing inputs, anti-coagulation agents - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E450 Potassiumdiphosphate is allowed but only as anti-coagulation agent at a maximal level of 1.5 g/kg as of P2O5 So far the EU Regulation Number 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as necessary in making of (partly traditional) animal products.
Processing inputs, cheese - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E500 Calcium chloride is allowed but its use is limited to cheese making. So far the EU Regulation Number 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as necessary in making of (partly traditional) cheese products.
Processing inputs, cheese - FI Governmental regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E160a (ii)Beta carothene is allowed but only for colouring the wax in cheese making. So far the EU Regulation No. 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as necessary in the making of traditional varieties of cheese such as Edam cheese.
Processing inputs, dog and cat feed - NL SKAL Standards 2005
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SKAL has included the following specific additives to Annex VI for dog and cat feed: ethylalcolhol, calcium, vitamins, minerals, spore elements, pure amino acids, organic acids, rosemary extract, fishmeal and chicken meal.
Norms for processing of products that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91 must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Exceptions are made for additives for cheese, non-food, dog and cat feed, wine and meat products, which are not listed in the EU Regulation The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of dog and cat feed products yet.
Processing inputs, meat products - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 Additives E249 (potassium nitrate) and E250 (sodium nitrate) are permitted in meat products to a maximal level of 80 mg/kg of potassium nitrate. So far the EU Regulation Number 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products The product is regarded as necessary in making of (partly traditional) Finnish animal products. There is no sufficient experience nor tradition of making nitrate free organic meat products (such as sausages).
Processing inputs, non-food - NL SKAL Standards 2005
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SKAL has included the following specific additives to Annex VI for non-food processing: ethylalcohol, glycerol, propyleenglycol.
Norms for processing of products that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91 must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Exceptions are made for additives for cheese, non-food, dog and cat feed, wine and meat products. The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of non-food products yet. Since non-food products can be of agricultural origin, it is important to include this area in the regulation too.
Processing inputs, packaging - SE KRAV 2006
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Substances that come in contact with food like cheese wax should not be treated with preservatives (such as anti-fungal agents), pest control substances, and synthetic or natural colouring agents (KRAV standards paragraph 9.2.3).
In EU Regulation 2092/91 there are general statements about contamination of organic products but nothing specific on preservatives in substances used in close contact with food like cheese wax. This area is probably intended to be covered by EU Regulation 2092/91 but it is not clearly stated. It is important to as clearly as possible state what is allowed or not.
Processing, milk - SP CCPAE Cataluña Rules 2003
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The CCPAE general standards document contains 3 chapters (10, 16, 17) related to organic milk production and the processing of milk products. Chapter 10 is related to milking processes and conservation of milk on the farm. Chapter 16 covers standards for milk processing industries and chapter 17 is related to organic processing of milk based products. It can be downloaded from the CCPAE webpage in spanish and catalanish (www.ccpae.org)
CCPAE has specific standards for organic milk processing while the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specify this area. To ensure a higher confidence in organic food and the quality of farming systems for milk products.
Viticulture, general requirements - Nature et Progres Standards 2001
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There are standards for wine-growing and winemaking.
Nature et Progrès standards include standards for winemaking. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. he lack of winemaking rules in EU Regulation is a big problem all over Europe, and especially in France. Nature et Progres winemaking standards include environnemental management in cellar, exclusion or limitation of inputs such as SO2 and other processing aids. delete this section: it is not a justification