Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Perennial crops
      • Fruit orchards
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Fertilizers, origin, orchards - Demeter International 2005
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In orchards that have no animals of their own, the amount of outside organic fertiliser that may be imported is limited to 1.2 manure unit/ha of orchard area. The total amount of fertiliser used may not exceed the equivalent of 90kg N/ha of orchard area. (DI production standards, 3.5.2. Manures and soil husbandry)
The DI standard is defining a fertilizer limit for orchards in particular. There is no such provision in the EU Regulation 2092/91. The limit is given to provide good fruit quality and for nutritional aspects as well.
Manure fertilizers, intensity - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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The use of fertilizers is restricted. The total amount of fertilizers applied may in general not exceed the equivalent of 1.4 du/ha/year (112 kg N and 98 kg P2O5). In accordance with the NATURLAND extension services and related to the results of soil analyses and the specific demand of the crop, more than 110 kg N/ha and year can be applied in greenhouses. For perennials (including orchards), shrubs and christmas trees the limit is 90 kg N/ha/year. In viticulture only 150 kg/N/ha in three years is allowed, while in the latter the amount of one year may not exceed 70 kg N/ha. The amount of bought in fertilizers is limited with 0.5 DU/ha and year (40 kg N). (NL standards on production: Part B.I.Plant production, 1.Humus management and fertilization; Part B.III. Market gardening 1; Part B. V. Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees 1; Part B. Fruit cultivation 1; Part B. Viniculture and wine production 2; Part B. Permanent tropical plantations 1.)
The NL standard is very differentiated in limiting the amount of manure which can be applied for different types of crop production. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 the amount of fertilizer (animal manure) is limited to 170 kg N/ha/year without any explicit limit for the amount of commercial fertilizers bought in. Fertilization shall primarily support the accumulation of humus complexes in the soil. The amount of fertilizer is to assure the activity of the soil in the long run. Over-fertilization shaould be avoided. The organic production is directly linked to the natural conditions and production capacities of the site.
Plant production, support stakes, orchards - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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The use of tropical and subtropical timber for support stakes in orchards is prohibited. (NL standards on production, Part B.VI. Fruit cultivation 3.)
The NATURLAND standard has additional requirements with regards to the use of tropical timber, which is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. This refers to the holistic approach and the ecological principle of organic farming.
Plant production, support stakes, origin - Demeter International 2004
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In northern climates no tropical or sub tropical woods are allowed for use as support stakes to reduce environmental impact. The tropical grasses, bamboo and tonkin, may be used. (DI production standards, 3.5.4. support stakes)
The DI standard has a broader scope; the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate this aspect. In order to reduce environmental impact within the tropics.
Soil management, perennial crops - CH Bio Suisse Standards 2005
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For perennial crops, the soil must be covered with vegetation all year round.
While BIO SUISSE requires a full vegetative cover of the soil on perennial crops, the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not have any specific requirements. Multiple soil tillage and lack of cover crops lead to erosion and loss of organic matter in the soil. Constant vegetation will minimize such unfavourable effects in perennial crops.
Soil management, perennial crops - CH Demeter Standards 2005
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Soil of perennial crops must be covered all year round.
While DEMETER requires a full vegetative cover of the soil in perennial crops, EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover this aspect. Multiple soil tillage and lack of cover crops lead to erosion and loss of organic matter in the soil. Constant vegetation will minimize such unfavourable effects in perennial crops and increases the level of organic matter in the soil.
Sustainability, tropical plantations - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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Sustainability in plantations with tropical crops has to be ensured by the creation of agroforestry systems with extended biodiversity and specific measures to avoid soil erosion. Organic wastes have to be recycled in the agricultural production system and effluents from the wet-processing of coffee have to be purified. (NL standards on production, Part B.VIII. Permanent tropical plantations: 3. Sustainability of the cultivation system 4. Special processing methods
The NATURLAND standard is more detailed than the EU Regulation 2092/91. The requirements to avoid erosion and enhance biodiversity are not explicitly mentioned within the EU Regulation. Specific requirements of organic tropical cultivation systems are not regulated. This refers to the ecological principle of organic farming. Tropical farming systems are of increased ecological vulnerability.