Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Perennial crops
      • Wine production
Go back to overview Go to complete documents for this section
Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Biodiversity, viticulture - DE Bioland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png /style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png
Every vintner (wine producer) is obliged to plant and tend reasonably a part of its vineyard area an ecological niche. Efforts should be made for the niche to become at least one percent of the vineyard area. The ecological niches must, in order to interrupt the mono-culture, be distributed throughout the area. The situation of the surroundings and communal measures for nature conservation have to be considered. (Bioland production standards, 5.6.4 Ecological Niches)
The BIOLAND standard is broader. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require ecological niches to be created. In order to increase biodiversity in a monocultural cropping system.
Manure fertilizers, intensity - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
The use of fertilizers is restricted. The total amount of fertilizers applied may in general not exceed the equivalent of 1.4 du/ha/year (112 kg N and 98 kg P2O5). In accordance with the NATURLAND extension services and related to the results of soil analyses and the specific demand of the crop, more than 110 kg N/ha and year can be applied in greenhouses. For perennials (including orchards), shrubs and christmas trees the limit is 90 kg N/ha/year. In viticulture only 150 kg/N/ha in three years is allowed, while in the latter the amount of one year may not exceed 70 kg N/ha. The amount of bought in fertilizers is limited with 0.5 DU/ha and year (40 kg N). (NL standards on production: Part B.I.Plant production, 1.Humus management and fertilization; Part B.III. Market gardening 1; Part B. V. Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees 1; Part B. Fruit cultivation 1; Part B. Viniculture and wine production 2; Part B. Permanent tropical plantations 1.)
The NL standard is very differentiated in limiting the amount of manure which can be applied for different types of crop production. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 the amount of fertilizer (animal manure) is limited to 170 kg N/ha/year without any explicit limit for the amount of commercial fertilizers bought in. Fertilization shall primarily support the accumulation of humus complexes in the soil. The amount of fertilizer is to assure the activity of the soil in the long run. Over-fertilization shaould be avoided. The organic production is directly linked to the natural conditions and production capacities of the site.
Plant processing, viticulture - Bio Austria General Standard 2006
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
When wine is produced from organically grown grapes, resource and energy intensive procedures are to be avoided. Organic waste resulting from wine production must be recycled and returned to the soil. Waste water must not cause environmental pollution. The Bio Austria General Standard allows 3 oenological practices and describes positive lists for treating agents for must, wine and also for cleaning and disinfection. In addition there are rules for packaging and labelling.
The Bio Austria General Standard is detailed concerning wine processing, while the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover wine processing. n case of wine of organic grapes there is a lack of legal rules within the EU Regulation. The declaration of wine needs to describe the oenological practices. This creates transparency and ensures consumer confidence.
Plant processing, viticulture - Bio Austria General Standard 2006
/style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png /style/images/fileicons/text_plain.png
When the production of wine is made from organically grown grapes resource and energy intensive procedures are to be avoided. Organic waste resulting from wine production must be recycled and returned to the soil. Waste water should not cause environmental pollution. The Bio Austria General Standard allows 3 oenological practices and describes positive lists for treating agents for must, wine and also for cleaning and disinfection. In addition there are rules for packaging and labelling.
The Bio Austria General Standard is more detailed as the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover the processing of vine. In case of wine of organic grapes there is a lack of legal rules. The declaration of wine needs to describe the oenological practices. This creates transparency and ensures consumer confidence.
Plant processing, viticulture - DE Naturland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png /style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png
The NATURLAND standards regulate the production of wine: Processing procedures and additives, cleaning agents and disinfectants, packaging. The standard is applicable to the production of grape juice, wine, sparkling wine or spirits. It applies in addition to national regulations. (NL standards on production, Part VII. Viniculture and vine production, 5. Processing)
The production of wine is not yet regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. To provide detailed rules for organic production of all important areas of food production.
Plant processing, viticulture - SP CCCPAE Cataluña standards and CPAEN Navarra standards 2001
/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png /style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png
The CCPAE standards contains one article (17.12) for wine processing, permitting the use of ammonium sulphate (100 mg/l), tartaric acid (E 334) cristalizad from natural origin, maximal 1 g/litre for white wines and 0,5 g/litro for red wines. In those standards its also allowed to use anhidric sulphur (dióxide of Sulphur (E 220), Na metabisulphite (E 223) & Potasium metabisulphite (E 224) by 3 differents methods. The total quantity of SO2 in mg/litre allowed is 100, depending on the type of wine. Arabic gom (E 414) is allowed for the stabilization of the wine The organic standards for wine proceesing from the Council for Organic Production from Navarra (CPAEN), covering similar points as the CCPAE organic grape production and organic wine proceesing standards. The organic standards (28 pages) for wine production and organic wine processing from the Council for Organic Production from Navarra (CPAEN) is covering similar points as the CCPAE organic wine processing standards adding also some standards for viticulture production.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 has not regulated the processing of wine products yet. There are minor differences within CCPAE (see Cuaderno de Normas) and CPAEN organic wine processing Standards. Standards for processing of products that are not yet within the scope of the current EU Regulation, must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Rules for wine contribute to transparency and consumer trust.
Soil management, perennial crops - CH Bio Suisse Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/unknown.png
For perennial crops, the soil must be covered with vegetation all year round.
While BIO SUISSE requires a full vegetative cover of the soil on perennial crops, the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not have any specific requirements. Multiple soil tillage and lack of cover crops lead to erosion and loss of organic matter in the soil. Constant vegetation will minimize such unfavourable effects in perennial crops.
Soil management, perennial crops - CH Demeter Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
Soil of perennial crops must be covered all year round.
While DEMETER requires a full vegetative cover of the soil in perennial crops, EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover this aspect. Multiple soil tillage and lack of cover crops lead to erosion and loss of organic matter in the soil. Constant vegetation will minimize such unfavourable effects in perennial crops and increases the level of organic matter in the soil.
Soil management, perennial crops - DE Bioland 2005
/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png /style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png
Vineyards and hop plantations must have undercropping. In dry periods and in new plantations parts of the soil in vineyards can be kept without vegetation for three months. If this period is extended, the soil must be covered with organic material. While establishing an undercropping system, the nitrogen balance must be considered and legume species must be part of the composition. (Bioland production standards, 5.6 Viticulture, 5.6.1 Soil Care, Greening and Fertilising; Bioland production standards, 5.7. Hop cultivation, 5.7.3 Greening)
The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require soil coverage for perennial cropping systems as BIOLAND does. There is only the general provision to use legume species and green manure in order to maintain and enhance soil fertility. In order to reduce the problems and disadvantages of the permanent mono-culture (erosion, problems with pests and diseases) in vineyards and to ensure the production of grapes, juice and wine of a high quality. Undercropping and soil cover can contribute to soil conservation and avoid erosion. Additionally habitat for beneficial insects is provided as a contribution to a balanced ecosystem.
Viticulture, general requirements - DE Naturland Standards 2005
/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png /style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png
In the NATURLAND standards for the production of wine the following aspects are regulated: Processing procedures and additives, cleaning agents and disinfectants and packaging. The standard is applicable to the production of grape juice, wine, sparkling wine or spirits. It applies in addition to national regulations. (NL standards on production, Part VII. Viniculture and vine production, 5. Processing)
The production of wine is not yet regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. All procedures and measures when processing grapes and producing juice, wine and sparkling wine have to be directed at the following aims: - manufacture of produce of superior quality - avoidance of procedures which intensively use raw materials and energy - sulphurous acid should be kept to a minimum - avoidance of all substances which are harmful to the environment and dangerous to the health in their production, use and disposal - processing and treatment of all organic residues resulting from production in such a way that they do not damage the environment. Marc, yeast and clarification dregs are to be recycled in the course of production as organic fertilizer. (NL standards on production, Part VII. Viniculture and vine production, 5. Processing)
Viticulture, general requirements - Nature et Progres Standards 2001
/style/images/fileicons/other.png
There are standards for wine-growing and winemaking.
Nature et Progrès standards include standards for winemaking. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. he lack of winemaking rules in EU Regulation is a big problem all over Europe, and especially in France. Nature et Progres winemaking standards include environnemental management in cellar, exclusion or limitation of inputs such as SO2 and other processing aids. delete this section: it is not a justification