Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Animal husbandry
      • Transport
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Transport of livestock, before slaughter - CH Regulation/Ordinance 2005 Transport should be careful and with respect: Stress, fear and pain should be avoided as much as possible. Transport may not last longer than 6 hours (Swiss animal law, Sept. 2005) Swiss Ordinance limits the duration of transport to not more than 6 hours. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specify the maximum duration for transport. Transport to slaughter is a major stress for the animals, even more so if it is combined with animals from other farms. By restricting its duration to a minimal time, this stress can be reduced.
Transport of livestock, distance - Demeter Interational 2005
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Transport distances should be kept short and if possible to not more than 200 kilometres. (DI production standards, 5.9. Transport and slaughter of stock)
The DI standard is slightly more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not refer to the distances of transport, but requires that stress for the animals has to be avoided. The slaughtering of animals requires particular care and attention. One must be conscious, that all processing of meat begins with the death of a living being with a soul. Ethical and moral considerations require that animals are handled in such away from transport to slaughter, that stress, fear, thirst and pain are avoided as far as possible. Transport distances should be kept as short as possible and therefore animals should be slaughtered in the region in which they were reared.
Transport of livestock, duration - FR Nature et Progres Standards 2002
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Transport of livestock must be limited to maximum of six hours.
Nature et Progres standards limit the duration of transport of livestock to 6 hours, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not give any limit. Long transport journeys for livestock are contrary to animal welfare. Moreover, transport pollutes the environment and consumes energy. Therefore transport should be stricly limited.
Transport of livestock, general requirements - CH Bio Suisse 2005 No specific rules for transport of animals are laid down since this is ruled by the Swiss ordinance on livestock. The EU Regulation 2092/91 has specific rules for the transport of organically raised animals: transport has to be done in a gentle manner and prevent any unnecessary stress. Electroshock to move animals is prohibited. Allopathic tranquilizers are prohibited. BIO SUISSE has no requirements for the transport of animals since the Swiss ordinance for livestock already defines the restrictions.
Transport of livestock, general requirements - CH Demeter Standards 2005
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Transport should be careful and with respect, stress, fear and pain should be avoided as much as possible. Duration of transport is limited to not more than 6 hours (by Swiss Governmental Ordinance).
DEMETER has to respect the Swiss Ordinance which rules, that transport may not last longer than 6 hours. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not rule the maximum duration of transport but also refers to relevant national and Community legislation in force. By shortening the time span for transport, stress and pain can be minimized.
Transport of livestock, general requirements - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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The KEZ standards have detailed rules for animal transport. There are specified factors, which always have to be kept in mind: age, sex, behaviour of animals, environmental conditions (temperature, humidity), physiological requirements, duration of transport. It is preferable to transport carcasses rather than live animals. (KEZ Standards, Part 2, 12.1).
As EU Regulation 2092/91 (Annex I/B6.2) the KEZ makes an effort to prevent stress of transported animals; however KEZ is more detailed with regard to the prevention of it. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.
Transport of livestock, general requirements - DE Bioland 2005
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Short distances for animal transport or transporting carcsses should be preferred. The transport to the slaughter house may not exceed 200 km or 4 hours (exceptions can be admitted by BIOLAND). The animals may not be driven by means of striking instruments or electric devices. Animals must be given sufficient water before and during transport. The animals should not starved for long periods before slaughtering. Specific indications are given for transport of ruminants, pigs and poultry (i.e.: aeration of transport vehicles, milking before transport, separate transport of male and female animals, transporting in the dark) (Bioland production standards, 4.3.3 Transport and slaughter, 4.3.3.1 General; Bioland production standards, 4.3.3 Transport and slaughter, 4.3.3.2 Transport of the animals for slaughter)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailed than the EU Regulation 2092/91 by limiting the distance and duration of transport to the slaughterhouse, and prohibiting the use of any striking instruments. Indications for certain types on animals are not given. According to the EU Regulation stress for the animals has to be avoided during transport, driving animals with electrical devices is prohibited as well as the use of allopathic traquilisers. Within the EU Regulation nothing is mentioned about the distance or duration of transport, but it is stated, that the legal provisions of the member EU states have to be complied with. In order to contribute to the well-being of the animals (the individual needs of the species have to be considered!) and avoid suffering.
Transport of livestock, general requirements - DE Naturland 2005
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Animals must be handled carefully whilst loading and during transport. Drugs and tranquillisers are prohibited. The maximum transport time should not exceed four hours and a maximum transport distance of 200 km. Transport times longer than eight hours are not permitted. (NL standards on production, Part B.II.7.Transport and slaughtering)
The provisions are similar but NATURLAND is more restrictive by recommending a limit of 200 km and 4 hours duration for animal transport. However transport of 8 hours is possible. The EU Regulation 2092/91 refers to the legal provisions of the member states but there is a EU Directive regulating the conditions of "long journey" (= more than 8 hours)transport. Reducing stress and suffering for the animals.
Transport of livestock, general requirements - IFOAM Basic Standards 2005
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Transport should be done carefully and with respect: stress, fear and pain shall be avoided as much as possible. IFOAM generally limits the transport period to a maximum of 8 hours.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 has only general rules for the transport of organically raised animals: The transport has to be done in a gentle manner and prevent any unnecessary stress. There is no maximum transport time given. Stress to animals must be minimised.
Transport of livestock, general requirements - US NOP 2002 US has no specific provisions for transport of organic animals. EU Regulation 2092/91 requires minimizingf stress during transport and loading, and prohibits the use of electrical stimulation to coerce animals as well as the use of any allopathic tranquilliser, prior to and during transport. US do not address transport of animals. No justification was available.