Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Processing
      • Processing inputs
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Labelling claims, processed products - Nature et Progrès Standards 2005
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All the ingredients of agricultural origin in a product must be organic, with two exceptions : wild gathered/collected fruits and environment-friendly fisheries.
Nature et Progrès standards have additional requirements to EU Regulation 2092/91. Nature et Progrès standards require that all the ingredients of agricultural origin in a product must be organic (except wild gathered/collected fruit and fish products from environment-friendly fisheries, which are not under EU Regulation), whereas EU Regulation allows 5 to 30% non-organic ingredients. Organic ingredients are widely available in France. Non-organic products may contain pesticides or GMOs. Moreover, allowing non-organic ingredients may slow down the development of organic agriculture.
Plant processing inputs, hops - DE Bioland 2005
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The use of sulphur for conservation is prohibited in drying and processing. (Bioland production standards, 5.7 Hop Cultivation, 5.7.5 Preparation)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specifically regulate the drying and processing of hops. Sulphur for drying hops is explicitely excluded. The standard setting body did not give a justification.
Plant processing inputs, viticulture - NL SKAL Standards 2005
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Skal has included the following specific additives to Annex VI for wine processing:E220 (sulfurdioxide) and E224 (Potassium-metabisulfide), citrus seed extract and ethyl alcohol.
Norms for processing of products that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91, must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Exceptions are made for additives for cheese, non-food, dog and cat feed, wine and meat products, where SKAL has listed allowed additives. The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of wine products yet. Rules for wine contribute to transparency and consumer trust.
Proceesing inputs, food colouring agents - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E170 Calcium carbonate is not allowed as a food colouring agent. So far the EU Regulation No. 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as unnecessary in the production of animal products.
Processing inputs - Nature et Progres Standards 2005
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The list of authorized additives and technical auxiliaries is limited to a strict minimum.
Nature et Progrès standards limit the use of food additives and processing aids. Compared with the EU Regulation 2092/91 the use of E250, E252, E300, E407, E413 E501 and others are forbidden. Some additives, authorised by EU Regulation, present risks of toxicity or are not absolutely neccesary.
Processing inputs - SE KRAV 2006
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The KRAV standards accept 28 additives for food processing (KRAV standards appendix 7).
EU Regulation 2092/91 allows 47 additives for food processing. Among these are sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate. The KRAV standards allow fewer additives. Nitrates are not allowed for meat products. The number of processing aids allowed is about the same for the KRAV standards and the EU Regulation. Many consumers are interested in organic food because fewer additives are used.
Processing inputs, anti-coagulation agents - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E450 Potassiumdiphosphate is allowed but only as anti-coagulation agent at a maximal level of 1.5 g/kg as of P2O5 So far the EU Regulation Number 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as necessary in making of (partly traditional) animal products.
Processing inputs, cheese - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E500 Calcium chloride is allowed but its use is limited to cheese making. So far the EU Regulation Number 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as necessary in making of (partly traditional) cheese products.
Processing inputs, cheese - FI Governmental regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 E160a (ii)Beta carothene is allowed but only for colouring the wax in cheese making. So far the EU Regulation No. 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products. The product is regarded as necessary in the making of traditional varieties of cheese such as Edam cheese.
Processing inputs, cheese - NL SKAL Standards 2005
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SKAL has included the following specific additives to Annex VI for cheese processing: Calcium chloride (CaCl2) and hydrochloric acid (HCl).
Norms for the processing of products that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91 must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Exceptions are made for additives for cheese, non-food, dog and cat feed, wine and meat products. The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of cheese products in detail. Since the cheese processing demands several additives, these should be permitted in general.
Processing inputs, dog and cat feed - NL SKAL Standards 2005
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SKAL has included the following specific additives to Annex VI for dog and cat feed: ethylalcolhol, calcium, vitamins, minerals, spore elements, pure amino acids, organic acids, rosemary extract, fishmeal and chicken meal.
Norms for processing of products that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91 must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Exceptions are made for additives for cheese, non-food, dog and cat feed, wine and meat products, which are not listed in the EU Regulation The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of dog and cat feed products yet.
Processing inputs, meat products - FI Governmental Regulation on additives and production aids in processed organic animal products 2000 Additives E249 (potassium nitrate) and E250 (sodium nitrate) are permitted in meat products to a maximal level of 80 mg/kg of potassium nitrate. So far the EU Regulation Number 2092/91 does not contain special provisions on additives and production aids allowed in processed organic animal products The product is regarded as necessary in making of (partly traditional) Finnish animal products. There is no sufficient experience nor tradition of making nitrate free organic meat products (such as sausages).
Processing inputs, non-food - NL SKAL Standards 2005
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SKAL has included the following specific additives to Annex VI for non-food processing: ethylalcohol, glycerol, propyleenglycol.
Norms for processing of products that are not within the scope of the EU Regulation 2092/91 must correspond as much as possible with the processing standards in the EU Regulation. Exceptions are made for additives for cheese, non-food, dog and cat feed, wine and meat products. The EU Regulation has not regulated the processing of non-food products yet. Since non-food products can be of agricultural origin, it is important to include this area in the regulation too.
Processing, origin of ingredients - FI Luomuliitto Standards for "Leppäkerttu" quality label 2004 The basic ingredients of processed products must be 100 percent of Finnish origin and at least 75 percent of ingredients in total. It is recommended that 100 percent of animal feeds are of Finnish origin. EU Regulation No. 2092/91 does not address the issue of geographical origin of the ingredients. Domectic source of ingredients of processed products is regarded important in the eyes of consumers and from the point of view of organic principles.
Processing, preservatives, milk - SE KRAV 2006
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When preserving milk only bacteria cultures and acidification substances of plant origin may be used. Chemical feed preservatives including formic, propionic and acetic acid are not allowed (KRAV standards paragraph 5.3.28).
EU Regulation 2092/91 Annex I paragraph 4.17 and annex II D1.5 allows the following preservatives for animal feed: E 200 Sorbic acid, E 236 Formic acid, E 260 Acetic acid, E 270 Lactic acid, E 280 Propionic acid, E 330 Citric acid. On organic production as little chemical preservatives as possible should be used.
Viticulture, general requirements - Nature et Progres Standards 2001
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There are standards for wine-growing and winemaking.
Nature et Progrès standards include standards for winemaking. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. he lack of winemaking rules in EU Regulation is a big problem all over Europe, and especially in France. Nature et Progres winemaking standards include environnemental management in cellar, exclusion or limitation of inputs such as SO2 and other processing aids. delete this section: it is not a justification