Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Processing
      • Storage facilities and treatment
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Packaging material, general requirements - Italian Organic Standards 2005
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The Italian Organic Standards (IOS) require operators to respect specific rules for packaging of organic products. Among these are; use of re-usable, re-cyclable and re-cycled and biodegradable materials where possible, avoiding contamination and the prohibition of preservatives and fumigants.
While the Italian Organic Standard has requirements on packing material, the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover packaging of organic food. The packaging of organic food should have a minimum impact on products and the environment; for this reason specific requirements are needed.
Processing and storage - Italian Organic Standards 2005
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The Italian Organic Standard (IOS) defines clearly which procedures and methods are allowed for the processing and storage of organic products. Organic food should be produced by means of processing technologies and procedures based on biological, physical and mechanical methods and in a way which maintains the qualities of each ingredient and of the finished product. Specific rules are set for filtration techniques, clarification adjuvants, preservation procedures and storage conditions.
The Italian organic standard specifies a list of possible processes for each kind of food, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. There is a need for detailed rules for the processing and handling of organic products.
Processing and storage, separation - NL Skal Standards 2005
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Skal has specified 'physically separate' for processing (Rule Text: Annex II part B, 3): The unit must have areas separated by place or time within the premises for the storage of products as referred to in Article 1, before and after the operations.
The SKAL standards contain precise definitions for the phrase 'physically separate', which is required for storage of organic and non-organic products, as 'another space' or 'products have to be separated by species' or 'the products have been sealed and contamination is impossible'. Contamination should be avoided as much as possible. Cases of contamination are not good for the image and reliability of organic products.
Processing, milk - Nature et Progrès Standards 2005
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Organic milk processing units must be dedicated entirely to organic food processing.
Nature et Progrès standards require dedicated organic milk processing units, but EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. The aim is to urge milk processers to convert, and to avoid accidental or deliberate fraud.