Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Pollution risks/non permitted inputs
      • GMO
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Beekeeping, siting of apiaries - NO Governmental Regulation 2005.
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In addition to the requirements in EU Regulation 2092/91 the conventional cultivation of rape or turnip rape in the flight/collection area should not represent more than 5% of the arable land within a radius of 3 km of the bee hive.
EU 2092/91 does not specify maximum percentage limits of special cultivars/crops in relation to the total arable land area. Rape or turnip rape can be contaminated with GMO. The standard setting body wishes to minimalize the risk of contamination.
Contamination, GMO crops - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 Genetically modified crops must not be grown on any holding in the same ownership or management as an organic holding. Applicants for conversion must inform the Soil Association if they have grown genetically modified crops in the previous three years. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 3.6.19. Soil Association standards contain a prohibition and a requirement not included in EU Regulation 2092/91. Soil Association standards prohibit the growing of any genetically modified crop on any land under the same ownership or management as an organic holding, and they require to be informed if an applicant for conversion has grown genetically modified crops in the previous three years. EU Regulation has no similar prohibition or requirement. The Soil Association standards aim to prevent any possible contamination of organic crops with genetically modified material by prohibiting the owner or manager of an organic holding. The requirement to be informed if an applicant has grown them in the previous three years would help them to be more vigilant if necessary in this aspect of inspection. Genetically modified organisms (GMO) are prohibited from use in organic farming because of the unpredictable nature of the technology, and the risks to health and the environment.
Contamination, GMO crops, location - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 The organic farmer must inform Soil Association of any genetically modified crop being grown within 6 miles of an organic crop under their inspection system. Soil Association will assess the risk of contamination of the organic farm and crops. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 3.6.20-3.6.22. Soil Association standards contain requirements not included in EU Regulation 2092/91. Soil Association standards require the organic farmer to inform them of any genetically modified crop being grown within 6 miles of the organic farm. Soil Association will assess the contamination risks and decide accordingly on further action. EU Regulation has no similar requirement. Although pollen from genetically modified crops can travel much further than 6 miles, the Soil Association have taken this distance as a reasonable cut-off point to identify possible contamination of organic farms and crops. Genetically modified organisms are prohibited from use in organic farming because of the unpredictable nature of the technology, and the risks to health and the environment.
Conversion of land, livestock production - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 Production of organic pigs or poultry may be started on land in the second year of conversion if it has received no prohibited inputs for at least 2 years (i.e. for 1 year before the start of conversion). The livestock concerned must have been fed no genetically modified feed for 12 months before the start of conversion. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 4.3.10, 13.1.2 and 20.2.2. Soil Association standards contain further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. Soil Association standards state that areas used for production of organic pigs and poultry, with Soil Association permission, during the second year of conversion must not have received prohibited inputs for at least 2 years, and no genetically modified feed must have been fed to the livestock during the same period. EU Regulation places no such restriction on previous inputs or feeds. It allows a 1-year conversion period for any land used for organic, non herbivorous livestock, and further allows the conversion period to be reduced to 6 months if prohibited inputs have been absent for 1 year. In this case, the Soil Association is complying with the requirements of the UK Compendium of Organic Standards, Annex 1B, Paragraph 2.1.2, except that UK Compendium does not include the prohibition regarding the previous feeding with genetically modified feeds. Soil Association standards' restriction on previous prohibited inputs is intended to reduce the perceivable health risk to the consumer that might result from contamination of organic livestock products with residues of prohibited inputs. In addition, the prohibition on previous genetically modified feeds is partly a precautionary measure to avoid the unpredictable consequences of unproven technology.
Conversion, GMO crops - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 A 5-year period is required from the harvest of any previous genetically modified crop before the land where it was grown may become fully organic. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 3.6.17. Soil Association Standards contain a restriction not included in EU Regulation 2092/91. Soil Association standards require a 5-year period from the harvest of any previous genetically modified crop before the land where it was grown may become fully organic. EU Regulation has no similar requirement. Soil Association standards aim to minimise the risks of contaminating organic crops with genetically modified plant material by requiring an extended period for conversion of land after cultivation of genetically modified crops. Genetically modified organisms are prohibited from use in organic farming because of the unpredictable nature of the technology, and the risks to health and the environment.
Fertilization, GMO derivatives - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 It is prohibited to use any nutrient input for organic crop production that contains genetically modified organisms (GMO) or their derivatives. This includes manure produced by livestock fed or grazed on genetically modified material within the previous 3 months. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 3.6.7. Soil Association standards prohibits the use of manure produced by livestock fed or grazed on genetically modified material within the previous 3 months. EU Regulation 2092/91 has no clear restriction. The Soil Association standards aim to minimise the risk of contamination of organic crops with genetically modified plant material by prohibiting the use of any genetically modified crop nutrient inputs. Genetically modified organisms are prohibited from use in organic farming because of the unpredictable nature of the technology, and the risks to health and the environment.
GMO-free declaration, non-organic inputs - NL Skal Standards 2005
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A distinction is made between the control of organic and non-organic producers. Non-organic producers need a GMO-free pronouncement/confirmation."
SKAL obliges the producers of organic products to use only non-organic products with a GMO-free pronouncement/confirmation, whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not mention anything about these confirmations. The Rule Text is very general: Article 5, part 3 h), part 5 f) and 5bis i): the product has been produced without the use of genetically modified organisms and/or any products derived from such organisms. The risk of GMO contamination is higher in non-organic products. GMO free pronouncements/confirmations can at least avoid some contamination risks.
GMO-free declaration, non-organic inputs - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
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Producers must obtain a signed declaration form from suppliers of non-organic inputs to verify that these do not contain any GMO derivatives. Soil Association may require further proof in the form of genetic analysis, paid for by the producer. Mixed or compound concentrate feeds must be certified by an organic certification body, even if they contain only non-organic ingredients, to prove they are non-GMO. (Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 3.6.5.)
Soil Association Standards require that suppliers of non-organic inputs to organic producers or processors must sign a declaration to state that these inputs contain no GMOs or their derivatives. Although EU Regulation 2092/91 prohibits the use of GMO derived inputs, there is no requirement for this supplier declaration. Soil Association standards are intended to ensure verifiable compliance with requirements to use only non-GMO materials. Genetic modification is an unproven technology and may have unpredictable effects.
Parallel production, GMO - CZ KEZ Standards Complete exclusion of GMOs is required, not only in veterinary treatment but also in parallel conventional production. GMO's or their products may not be used in either part of the farm. The KEZ standards prohibit the use of GMOs in non-organic, split production, but the EU Regulation 2092/91 Article 6.1d) requieres only that genetically modified organisms and/or any product derived from such organisms must not be used, with the exception of veterinary medicinal products. EU Regulation does not deal with parallel conventional production and GMOs. Complete exclusion of GMOs and their products on the whole farm reduces the risk of contamination.
Parallel production, GMOs - DE Naturland 2005
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The use of GMO and/or derivates is prohibited. This applies immediately to the whole farm, regardless of the certification status of single farm units. Accidental contamination with GMO of organic produce can lead to decertification. (NL standards on production, Part A.II.6. Non-employment of GMO and GMO derivatives)
The NATURLAND standard contains further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. The EU Regulation allows organic and conventional production at the same time in two separated production units of the same farm. The use of GMO in conventional unit is not prohibited by EU Regulation. NATURLAND standards prohibit GMO use on the whole farm. To avoid contamination with objectionable substances, ensure the organic integrity of Naturland products. Genetically modified organisms (GMO) and their derivates are incompatible with organic cultivation.
Plant production, breeding techniques - Demeter International 2005
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No hybrids of cereals with the exception of corn (Zea Mays) can be used for the production of food and feed crops. No breeding techniques such as protoplasm and cytoplasm fusion or genetic modification may have been applied in the production of the plant propagation material to be used. (DI production standards, 3.1. Seed and propagation material)
The DI standard is more restrictive by prohibiting plant propagation material produced with breeding techniques based on genetic modification, protoplasm and cytoplasm fusion and hybridisation. The EU Regulation 2092/91 only excludes the use of genetically modified plant propagation material, but it does not refer to other breeding techniques. Hybrids in general have a lower quality concerning nutritional aspects. The breeding technique as well is in opposition to the understanding of biodynamic farming. For more details visit www.forschungsring.de.