Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Pollution risks/non permitted inputs
      • Non-permitted inputs (pesticides, etc)
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Contamination, chlorinated hydrocarbons - AT Bio Austria General Standard 2006
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For vegetables, fruits and grain there are limits for residues of chlorinated hydrocarbons. In principle the limit is 0.01 mg/kg, and in exception lindane 0.02 mg/kg. (This rule is an order of the Codex Alimentarius Austriacus A 8 and therefore valid for vegetables of all organic farms in Austria, not only Bio Austria farms). (BA-Rules 2006 chapter 2.6, 5.1.3)
The Bio Austria General Standard is more detailed than the EU Regulation 2092/91 as the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not have specific limits for residues in organic crops or produce in general, especially not for chlorinated hydrocarbons. Consumer protection.
Contamination, reducing, storage and transport - NL Skal Standards 2005
All contact with forbidden products should be avoided. This means that it is not allowed to store or transport the organic product in storage places or trucks where products are being used / have been used that are not mentioned in annex VI part A.
SKAL interprets the rule in a way that all prevention methods should be taken to avoid any risk of contamination, whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not mention possible prevention methods. See EU Rule Text: Article 5 part 3 c), d) and part 5 d), e): The product contains no other products of non-agricultural origin, as mentioned in annex VI, part a" It seems easier to inspect the methods of storage and transport, than the contamination itself. Also because the contamination check can be too late (the product may be contaminated already).
Conversion, polluted soil - NL SKAL Standard 2005
When the soil is chemically polluted, Skal will extend the period of conversion for as long as necessary to have no residues in the products.
Skal is more precise then the EU Regulation 2092/91 by defining when and how they will extend the period of conversion in cases of polluted soil. The EU rule Text ("Annex I, part a) 1.3) only mentions that the "the inspection authority or body may, with the approval of the competent authority, decide, in certain cases, to extend the conversion period beyond the period laid down in paragraph 1.1 having regard to previous parcel use." The risk of remaining residues in the soil from former use is seen as a justification to extend the conversion period.
Plant production, containers, ornamental plants - DE Naturland Standards 2005
Decomposable materials for planting pots are preferable. The use of PVC is not allowed. (NL standards on production, Part B.V.Cultivation of ornamental plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, Christmas trees, 5. Plant pots)
The NATURLAND standard has a broader broader. This aspect is not regulated in the EU Regulation 2092/91. This refers to the ecological principle of organic agriculture, where organic materials should be recycled.
Plant production, support stakes, orchards - DE Naturland Standards 2005
The use of tropical and subtropical timber for support stakes in orchards is prohibited. (NL standards on production, Part B.VI. Fruit cultivation 3.)
The NATURLAND standard has additional requirements with regards to the use of tropical timber, which is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. This refers to the holistic approach and the ecological principle of organic farming.
Plant protection, copper - NL Regulation 2005
No forms of copper are allowed in the Netherlands: see also at
In contrast to NL the EU Regulation 2092/91 lists in Annex II part B several permissable copper preparations Organic farming principles say that the use of pesticides etc. should be avoided. The use of copper should therefore, from the Dutch government's point of view, not be allowed in Europe or at least be restricted.
Processing inputs, packaging - SE KRAV 2006
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Substances that come in contact with food like cheese wax should not be treated with preservatives (such as anti-fungal agents), pest control substances, and synthetic or natural colouring agents (KRAV standards paragraph 9.2.3).
In EU Regulation 2092/91 there are general statements about contamination of organic products but nothing specific on preservatives in substances used in close contact with food like cheese wax. This area is probably intended to be covered by EU Regulation 2092/91 but it is not clearly stated. It is important to as clearly as possible state what is allowed or not.
Veterinary treatment, parasite control - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 Veterinary treatments to control parasites, which involve the use of organo-phosphorus or organo-chlorine compounds, are not permitted unless required by law. If so required, any animals treated cannot be used for organic meat, and their milk cannot be sold as organic until the completion of a full conversion period. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 10.10.27 and 10.10.28. Soil Association Standards include a prohibition that is not part of the EU Regulation 2092/91. The EU Regulation places no specific prohibition on organo-phosphorus or organo-chlorine compounds for veterinary treatment. Soil Association standards prohibit these compounds. Soil Association standards comply with UK Compendium of Organic Standards, Annex 1B, Paragraph 5.5 in prohibiting Organo-phosphorus compound, but UK Compendium does not include the prohibition on organo-chlorine compounds. Organophosphate chemicals have been suspected of involvement in a number of degenerative nervous diseases in livestock, producers and consumers. Organo-chlorine chemicals have been implicated in many environmental and public health problems. A specific prohibition is considered necessary on organic status for the products of animals exposed to these chemicals to ensure that organic products will not pose any public health or environmental risk.