Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Pollution risks/non permitted inputs
      • Residues limits
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Aquaculture, wild-harvest - Int. IFOAM Standards 2005
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Operators should take measures to ensure that wild, sedentary aquatic species are collected only from areas where the water is not contaminated by substances prohibited in these standards.(2.4.5)
IFOAM specifies necessary measures for collecting wild aquatic species whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover this. Products from wild harvest are expected to be free of residues or contaminants; this is a consumers expectation of organic food.
Contamination, chlorinated hydrocarbons - AT Bio Austria General Standard 2006
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For vegetables, fruits and grain there are limits for residues of chlorinated hydrocarbons. In principle the limit is 0.01 mg/kg, and in exception lindane 0.02 mg/kg. (This rule is an order of the Codex Alimentarius Austriacus A 8 and therefore valid for vegetables of all organic farms in Austria, not only Bio Austria farms). (BA-Rules 2006 chapter 2.6, 5.1.3)
The Bio Austria General Standard is more detailed than the EU Regulation 2092/91 as the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not have specific limits for residues in organic crops or produce in general, especially not for chlorinated hydrocarbons. Consumer protection.
Contamination, food residues - NL Skal Standards 2005
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SKAL uses a case-by case approach in case of contamination of organic products. The method of organic farming is valued as highly important and should be included in cases of contamination. SKAL uses the following rules in case of contamination: 1. <0.01 mg/kg residue: the product can be sold as organic and is considered by the baby food standard as non-detectable. 2. >0.01 mg/kg residue, a case by case approach will be followed: There is cause for suspicion and the product will be blocked and after investigation the product can be sold as organic or has to be decertified. The decision will be made based on an interpretation of the laboratory and field circumstances.
SKAL Standards contain maximum residue levels for prohibited materials such as pesticides, but the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not use a case-by case approach with regard to contamination. This approach meets the interest of certifiers, operators (farmers, processors, importers) and consumers. Producers are held responsible to prevent contamination and should report all possible contamination risks, before yield. Besides, this way the method of organic farming is held more important than the end product, which is in some way a necessary protection for farmers.
Contamination, preventing, contaminated areas - DE Bioland 2005
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Areas that are contaminated with harmful substances from the environment or from previous use of the area cannot be used for the production of BIOLAND food products (Bioland article 3.2 Location and 7.10 Contamination tests).
The BIOLAND standard has an specific provision, which is not in the EU Regulation 2092/91, regarding the handling of contaminated areas, but there is just a general statement about the possibility for the authorities to prolonge the conversion period for certain areas taking into account the prior use. To guarantee the innocuousness of BIOLAND products.
Fertilization, intensity, vegetables - AT Bio Austria General Standard 2006
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In connection with the Codex Alimentarius Austriacus A 8 maximum levels of nitrate for vegetables are defined. (BA-Rules chapter 4.1.8)
The Bio Austria General Standard contains a further restriction than EU Regulation 2092/91, which does not have a restriction of the nitrate level in vegetables. Consumer protection.