Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Environmental care/environmental impact
      • Landscape
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Biodiveristy, landscape - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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Structuring elements of the landscape (i.e. hedges, borders, humid areas, oligotrophic grassland) must be preserved or recreated, if required. This applies especially to large cropping units. (NL standards on production, Part B.; I.5. Landscape management)
The NATURLAND standard is broader. This aspect is not regulated in the EU Regulation 2092/91. This aspect refers to the ecological principle of organic farming. Structuring elements in the landscape, providing habitats for animals (birds, insects, small mammals among others)and plants will increase biodiversity and contribute to a balanced ecosystem. Naturally preserved buffer zones in the neighbourhood of ecologically sensitive areas (such as rivers, lakes, etc.) will help to avoid disturbing impacts on these ecosystems.
Biodiversity, landscape - CH Bio Suisse Standard 2005 BIO SUISSE requires diversification within the agricultural land area of the farm and requires 7% of the farm land to be fostered as ecological diverse areas. Furthermore, 5 % of the fodder areas have to be farmed on a a low intensity level. The requirement of 'compensatory ecological habitats' is a very specific BIO SUISSE standard. No similar pargraph is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. To support refuge areas for beneficial organisms matches the holistic approach of organic farming, which is keen to take advantage of a sound and well balanced micro-ecosystem. The 'compensatory ecological habitats' should enhance a natural balance between noxious and benefical organisms. Furthermore ecologically diversified areas contribute to maintaining genetic and biotic diversity and contribute to landscape attractiveness.
Biodiversity, landscape - CH Demeter Standards 2005
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DEMETER requires a vast diversification within the farm and requires at least 7% of farm land being dedicated to ecological diversified areas.
The requirement of 'compensatory ecological habitats' is a very specific DEMETER standard in Switzerland, as this requirement is also required by the government from all Swiss farms which get direct payments. No similar pargraph is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. A diversified landscape underlines the individuality of the farm and supports the prosperous development of beneficials within the farm considered as an organism.
Biodiversity, landscape - CH Regulation/Ordinance 2005
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7% of the arable land in a farm must be dedicated to landscape diversification.
The requirement of 'compensatory ecological habitats' is a very specific Swiss standard. No similar paragraph is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. To support refuge areas for beneficials matches the holistic approach of organic farming, which is keen to take advantage of a sound and well balanced micro-ecosystem. The «compensatory ecological habitats» should enhance a natural balance between noxious and benefical organisms. Furthermore ecologically diversified areas contribute to maintain genetic and biotic diversity and contributes to the landscape attractiveness.
Biodiversity, landscape - Int. IFOAM Standards 2005
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Operators should take measures to maintain and improve landscape and enhance biodiversity quality.(2.1.)
Where as IFOAM requires a significant portion of the farm to be dedicated to facilitate biodiversity, no similar pargraph is quoted in the EU Regulation 2092/91. A diversified landscape underlines the individuality of the farm and supports the prosperous development of beneficials within the farm considered as an organism.
Biodiversity, landscape - PL Ekoland Standards 2005 Each farm must provide extensive areas for biodiversity protection; the minimum area devoted to these activities is 5% of total farm acreage. Grazing must be planned in a way which does not harm wild flora and fauna species. Burning out of old grasses and fallow land is forbidden.(1.1.) The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover this area. Organic farming should actively contribute to landscape and biodiversity protection. EKOLAND farmers found it important to keep 'green' image of the association.
Biodiversity, landscape - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
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There are a number of recommendations and requirements concerning environment management and conservation of landscape features, semi-natural habitats and wild species on the farm. Soil Association standards recommend that organic management should aim to achieve a productive, balanced and varied agro-ecosystem with high standards of conservation management and co-operation with conservation bodies. Producers must comply with all relevant legislation and must not plough, reseed or drain any area identified as a 'regionally or locally important wildlife site' by a county Wildlife Trust or County Environment Records Centre. Producers must not in any way damage statutory 'recognised sites', of which the types are listed. Producers must not clear vegetation or crop wastes or stubbles by burning. (Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 4.5.1-4.5.5.)
Soil Association standards contain detailed recommendations and requirements to support the agro-ecosystem whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not include any specific recommendations or requirements relating to environmental management or conservation. The Soil Association Standards use best practice recommendations from other UK conservation bodies, added to some UK agricultural regulations, to explain conservation principles and outline best environment management practice to ensure that organic producers will produce optimum outcomes for landscape features, semi-natural habitats and wild species on the farm.
Biodiversity, landscape, cultural heritage plan - SE KRAV Standards 2006
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The standards are requiring that all famers shall have a plan for the management of nature and cultural heritage. This is a plan which identifies areas with rich biodiversity and important cultural heritages on the farm. It also gives advice for how these should be handled to be conserved and enhanced.(KRAV Standards paragraph 3.1.8).
This is an additional requirement which is not covered in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Biodiversity is an important area in organic agriculture. There has been an difficulty to cover the conservation and enhancement of biodiversity and also of cultural heritages. This standard has been agreed upon after a wide stakeholder consultation.
Conservation, farm plan - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
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Producers should keep a farm conservation plan, designed with professional help, and they must map all the main landscape features, wildlife habitats and historical features on the holding. The standards require the producer to map all the recognised wildlife habitats and landscape sites, and the archeological and historical features on the holding, and to formally revise the map every 5 years. (Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 4.5.6-4.5.8.)
Soil Association standards contain recommendations and requirements not included in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Soil Association standards recommend that producers should keep a constantly updated whole farm conservation plan, drawn up with the help of a professional advisor. EU Regulation does not contain recommendations or requirements for a farm conservation plan. The Soil Association recommendations are meant to encourage best practice and optimal outcomes from the conservation management. The requirement to map the main habitats and features is also a requirement of the main funding scheme for organic farmers in England to ensure a basic level of conservation management on organic farms.
Conservation, field boundary management - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
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There are detailed recommendations and requirements regarding field boundary management. Soil Association Standards contain detailed recommendations for the management of field boundaries, starting with an explanation of their main functions and conservation benefits and continuing with more practical advice on their management. The standards require that producers must manage river banks to minimise soil erosion and nutrient run-off, must obtain Soil Association permission to remove hedges, banks, ditches or walls, or to trim hedges annually (e.g. for road traffic safety or wildlife benefits). Producers must not trim hedges during the bird nesting season. (Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 4.5.9-4.5.17.)
Soil Association standards contain recommendations and requirements whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not include any recommendations or requirements for field boundary management. Soil Association Standards give detailed recommendations for hedge management encourage best practice among organic farmers to optimise the outcomes of their field boundary management for wildlife and for landscape visual impact. The requirements and prohibitions ensure a basic level of positive boundary management and prohibit the worst types of management. In England, these requirements are mostly required by the main organic farming funding scheme.
Contamination, farm refuse - SE KRAV 2006
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Farms should be clean and neat. Plastics, scrap metal, paper, oils and other waste products should be sent for reuse, recycling or energy recovery. Materials and spare parts for machinery can be kept but should be in good order (KRAV standards paragraph 3.1.10).
The order on the farm itself is not covered by EU 2092/91. Organic farms should look neat and representative. It should be possible for consumers to visit every single organic farm and have a good impression. Old scrap metal, oils and plastic can be an environmental risk and a risk for animals on the farm.
Int. IFOAM Standards 2005: Use of synthetic structure coverings For synthetic structure coverings, mulches, fleeces, insect netting and silage wrapping, only products based on polyethylene and polypropylene or other polycarbonates are permitted. These shall be removed from the soil after use and shall not be burned on the farmland.(4.6.3.) EC Regulation does not address the matter. Any non organic waste on farm land conflicts with the principle of ecology in organic farming and with consumers expectations.