Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Social justice and fair trade
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Livestock housing, area, pigs - FR Regulation 2000
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he size of pig production units is limited in all cases to 1500 slaughter pigs per year or 200 sows or their equivalent in the case of farrowing-fattening units. These maximum figures for each production unit may be exceeded where 100 % of the feed is produced on the holding.
French regulation limits the size of pig production units, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. Limiting the size limits environmental pollution, noise and odour. It is a way of encouraging small farms, of human scale, socially acceptable and easier to hand down to the next generation.
Livestock housing, area, pigs - Nature et Progres Standards 2002
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The size of pig production units is limited in all cases up to 500 pigs per year. Furthermore the size of the unit must be calculated as a function of the application capacity of the soil of the farm.
Nature et Progres standards limit the size of pig production units, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. To limit the size is to limit the environmental pollution, noise and odour. It is a way of encouraging small farms of human scale, with diversified productions, socially acceptable and easier to hand down to the next generation.
Livestock housing, area, poultry - FR Regulation 2000
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The total usable area of poultry houses for laying hens and table poultry of any production unit must not exceed 1,600 m2.
French regulation limits the size of the total area of poultry house for laying hens and table poultry, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 only limits it for table birds. We see no reason not to apply the same rules to laying hens as to table poultry. Limiting the size limits environnemental pollution, noise and odour. It is a way of encouraging small farms, of human scale that are socially acceptable and easier to hand down to the next generation.
Livestock housing, area, poultry - Nature et Progres Standards 2002
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The total usable area of poultry houses for laying hens and table poultry of any production unit must not exceed 800 m2.
Nature et Progrès standards limit the size of the total area of poultry house for laying hens and table poultry to 800 m², whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 only limits it for table birds to 1600 m². Limiting the size limits environnemental pollution, noise and odour. It is a way of encouraging small farms, of human scale, with diversified productions, that are socially acceptable and easier to hand down to the next generation.
Social Justice - Int. IFOAM Standards - 2005
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Operators should have a policy on social justice. Violation of basic human rights and social injustice lead to non approval of the operation as organic. Forced labour and discrimination is prohibited. Child labour is accepted with clear constraints.(8)
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not address the matter. As organic farming is a method respecting nature in its whole, human beings who also belong to the system should also be treated in a respectful way.
Social Justice - Italian Organic Standards 2005
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The Italian Organic Standards (IOS) requires the organic operator to respect some social and labour principles within her/his relationship with any member of the team of the farm/firm.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not address social justice principles. In harmony with the IFOAM principles of fairness, the IOS requires the organic operator, to respect together with the environment the social justice principles of equal opportunities, working conditions, and absence of discrimination.
Social justice - SE KRAV 2006
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In the KRAV standards operators are requested to have a written policy on social justice, exempted are compamies with less than 10 employees and those who operate under a state system that enforces social laws. Involuntary labour shall not be used. The operators shall provide their employees and contractors equal opportunity and treatement and not act in a discriminatory way. They shall also have the freedom to associate, right to organise and to bargain collectively. Children shall have the possibility to attend basic education (KRAV standards paragraph 2.3.10).
Social justice is not covered in EU Regulation 2092/91. Social justice is an important part of organic agriculture. More and more consumers have concerns about whether the products that they buy are produced under acceptable conditions.
Social responsibity - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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All NATURLAND certified operations with 10 or more employees have to meet certain minimum requirements regarding the form and content of contracts with workers, equal treatment of workers, amount of wages and mode of payment, optional payment in terms of services or products, amount and distribution of working hours and social benefits. In any NATURLAND certified operation, the basic rights of the people who live and work there must be respected. At least the local or if those are less demanding, the international legal provisions (UN conventions on human rights / children's rights, ILO conventions), have to be complied with. Forced labour is prohibited, workers have the right to associate in order to lobby for their own interests, all workers must be equally treated and discrimination is not tolerated. Child labour is tolerated only under certain conditions considering the well-being of the child. The employer must assure the health and safety of the workers. (NL standards on production Part A. III.Social responsibility)
Aspects of social responsibility are not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. This chapter refers to the holistic approach of the NATURLAND standards and to the principle of fairness of organic agriculture.
US NOP 2002: Social justice and fair trade There are no provisions for social justice and fair trade. No differences