Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Inspection and certification
      • Quality assurance, internal procedures of companies
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Livestock and animal products, traceability - SP CRAE MAPA/CAAE Standards 2001
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The Spanish organisations CRAE MAPA/CAAE 2001 have special traceability standards for animal and meat products. CRAE-MAPA and also CAAE Andalucia have specific organic standards, outlined in a 5 page document. They contain requirements in 7 areas: a) identification of the animals on the farm (6 articles); b) transport of slaughtered animals; c) identification of slaughtered animal pieces in the slaughter house (7 articles); d) the identification of slaughtered animal pieces in the slaughter house room for cutting animal in small parts. A specific register should contain the following data: (8.1) date of entrance of the animal to the slaughter house; 8.2) number or authentification code for the living animal; (8.3) origin of the animal, identified by the record number of cattle operation (nº operator); (8.4) number of transport identification accompanying animals; 8.5) date of slaughtering; (8.6) number of seal or seals of each animal parts obtained; (8.7) destination of each part of the animal (nº of registered operator, in/or another region or place and (if it is the case) names of the slaughter houses.
CRAE-MAPA and CAAE organic regulation is more detailed on traceability measures compared to the EU Regulation 2092/91. To reduce the risk of mistakes or fraud. Organic production and processing should be at the forefront of traceability issues.
Livestock management plan - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 Livestock producers are required to implement a livestock management plan to help meet the Standards in a number of important areas. Soil Association standards require livestock producers to develop, agree with the Soil Association, and then implement and monitor a livestock management plan to help meet the Standards in a number of important areas, including the following: sourcing and converting livestock; health and welfare; feeding and grazing, including the stocking density and grazing rotation; housing; handling and transporting; and slaughter. The livestock management plan must be reviewed and updated regularly. Where relevant, the livestock management plan should be integrated with the cropping plan. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraphs 10.3.1 and 10.3.2. Soil Association standards include specifications not made in the EU Regulation 2092/91. EU Regulation 2092/91 mentions the requirement for a livestock management plan in Annex IIIA.2, Paragraph 1, but includes no further relevant guidance or requirements. Soil Association standards provide more detail and guidance to make the livestock management plan a more useful farm-planning tool for producers and a better means to help the Soil Association inspectors to ensure compliance.
Livestock management, identification - US NOP 2002 US does not address the identification of animals. According to EU Regulation 2092/91 Livestock and livestock products are to be identified at all stages of their production, preparation, transport and marketing. US does not address this. No justification was available.
Oeganic farmimg knowledge - DE Naturland 2005
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NATURLAND operators are required to PROVE their organic farming knowledge and ability and take part in an introductionary seminar, organised by NATURLAND. (NL standards on production A.I.8.Approval)
NATURLAND Standards require operators to prove their organic farming knowledge and to take part in an introductary seminar, but the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require any proof of organic farming knowledge and ability of the farmer. This is to help farmers who want to convert and to avoid problems of approval caused by lack of knowledge or ability.
Parallel production, livestock - UK Compendium 2005
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Where they are present on the same farm, non-organic livestock must be reared on units clearly separated from organic livestock, they must be of different species, and organic livestock enterprises or holdings must be kept physically, financially, and operationally separate from non organic enterprises or holdings. Compendium of UK Organic Standards, Annex IB, Paragraph 1.6
The UK Compendium contains further detail to the EU Regulation 2092/91. UK Compendium requires that organic livestock enterprises or holdings must be kept physically, financially, and operationally separate from non-organic enterprises or holdings. Both EU Standards and UK Compendium require that organic livestock be reared in land parcels and buildings separate from non-organic livestock on the same holding and be of different species. The additional UK Compendium text aims to ensure that organic livestock holdings and enterprises are kept entirely separate from non-organic holdings and enterprises. This helps to verify the organic status of livestock products, and it helps maintain biosecurity of organic livestock units. Livestock traceability, organic verification, and biosecurity are particular concerns in UK after recent national livestock health problems, such as BSE and Foot & Mouth Disease. Biosecurity may also help to reduce the occurrence of other endemic livestock diseases.
Processing, mixed production - Italian Organic Standards 2005
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Specific conditions are required if the same unit handles and processes both organic and conventional products.
The Italian organic standard specifies precautions to be taken in parallel processing of organic and non organic food, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does not. There is a need for detailed rules for the processing and handling of organic food.
Quality management systems - FI Luomuliitto Standards for "Leppäkerttu" quality label 2004 "The Ladybird-quality logo is owned and administrated by Luomuliitto. It is granted to farmers, food processors and farm input manufacturers producing organic products according to the quality standards of Luomuliitto. The standards are additional to the EU Regulation No. 2092/91 and consist of compulsory requirements and recommendations. The compulsory requirements include the membership of Luomuliitto and production based on quality management system (ISO9001 or equivalent). " EU Regulation No. 2092/91 does not address issues related to quality management systems. The former private, national certifier, Luomuliitto, wants to keep up with some of its own standards such as composting of the manure and domestic ingredients which requirements are regarded as important in the eyes of the Finnish consumers. Furthermore Luomuliitto wants to promote new progressive ideas such as combining the organic production and quality management.