Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • Labelling provisions
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, in-conversion animals, calves - Demeter International 2005
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Brought in organic calves must be fed and managed according to Demeter standards and can be marketed using the Demeter trademark at the earliest 6 months after weaning. (DI production standards, 5.5.4. Feeding of replacement calves, calves for fattening, foal, lambs and kids)
DI has specific provisions for brought in organic calves whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover this aspect. The quality of the feed influences the quality of the animal product.
Collection of wild plants - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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Wild grown plants collected for human consumption can be labelled with the BIOLAND trademark and the indicated as from wild collection, when; the area of collection has not been contaminated, is clearly defined, registered and (in general) situated in a region that is attended by BIOLAND, and the extraction of the plants does not negatively affect the local ecosystem. BIOLAND certified products from wild collection must be clearly labelled as such. (Bioland production standards, 3.10 Wild Collection)
The BIOLAND provisions are more specific and require the collection area to be free from the direct influence of any sources of pollution. BIOLAND labelling requirements are also more detailed than under EU Regulation 2092/91 where there is no specific provision for the labelling of organic products collected from wild collection. To ensure the innocuousness and high quality of BIOLAND products. To increase transparency for the consumer.
Conversion and labelling, animal products - DE Naturland Standards 2005 Animal products can only be marketed with reference to Naturland if the respective conversion period for the animal species has been complied with AND the farm has been in conversion for at least 12 months. (NL standards on production Part A.I.9. Labelling and marketing) The NATURLAND standard requires the farm to undertake at least a 12 month conversion period before marketing NATURLAND organic animal products, regardless of the (shorter) conversion period for certain animal products. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 these animal products (eggs, milk, pullets, pork, mutton and goat meat) can be marketed as organic after complying with the provisions of the regulation during at least the conversion periods of the animal species, which are identical to the specific periods mentioned by NATURLAND. A minimum conversion period of the farm (land) is not mentioned. This is required because of the stipulation to use animal feeding stuffs produced on the same farm in the diet.
Conversion, grassland and labelling - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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Grassland harvest can only be marketed with reference to NATURLAND, if it has been managed according the standards at least since 24 months before the beginning of the growing period. (NL standards on production Part A.I.9. Labelling and marketing).
The NATURLAND standard is more precise. The EU Regulation 2092/91 requires 24 months of full organic management before the harvest of organic grassland, without considering the growing period. The standard-setting body could not give a justification. A former version of the EU Regulation (2002) was determining for this provision. The NATURLAND provisions are being adapted to such changes in the EU Regulation.
Labelling claims, general requirements - Demeter International 2005
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Products can be labelled as "in conversion to Demeter" or Biodyn to the earliest after 12 months in conversion to the biodynamic method of the respective farm unit. This is only possible if the whole enterprise is under conversion. Crops harvested more than 36 months (perennial crops), or sown more than 24 months after the start of conversion can be marketed as Demeter once certification is granted. In the following cases the periods can be shortened: If an enterprise can be shown to have been managed extensively, after the second conversion year, full Demeter certification is possible. If an enterprise or part thereof is certified organic for a minimum of three years full Demeter certification can be given for the first harvest, provided that the Biodynamic preparations have been applied according to the standards. (DI production standards, 7.3. Demeter certification and use of the trademark)
Demeter labelling is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. Whereas the general conversion time for annual and perennial crops are similar to the EU regulation, additional requirements have to be fulfiled to get the Demeter certification such as the use of the bio-dynamic preparations etc. To ensure good consumer information.
Labelling claims, honey - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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Containers with honey to be sold to the consumer must show the following text: As a result of the large radius of flight of the bees it cannot be expected that in all cases they will fly over only or mainly organically farmed areas (or in a similar form). (Bioland production standards, 4.10.3.4 Declaration)
The BIOLAND standard is more detailled. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require an explanation of organic honey to be published on the label. To increase transparency for the consumer.
Labelling claims, honey - Naturland 2005
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On the label of NATURLAND certified honey it must be stated clearly, that the bees are not only visiting plants on organically farmed land, but that the definition of organic quality of honey is related to the beekeepers' method of working. (NL standards for organic beekeeping II.9. Labelling)
The NATURLAND standard requires detailed labelling of honey. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 no specific indication on honey labels is required. To increase transparency for the consumer.
Labelling claims, processed products - NL Skal Standards 2005
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It is not obligatory to mention the sentence "x% of the ingredients?." on the label of Dutch products with >70% organic ingredients.
SKAL has different labelling requirements to the EU Regulation 2092/91. SKAL does not require the use of this sentence in processed foods containing greater than '70% organic ingredients, but this is required by EU Regulation. See EU Rule Text: Article 5, M10 5bis c): on products with 70% or more organic ingredients, the sentence x% of the agricultural ingredients were produced in accordance with the rules of organic production must be on the label. This requirment is not seen as relevant for consumers.
Labelling claims, processed products - SE KRAV 2006
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The ultimate processing country should be indicated on the package. For ingredients the operator should always be able to give the information of the country of origin. This can be done through direct information on the package, web pages, telephone customer service etc (KRAV standards paragraph 2.13.16).
This is not covered in EU egulation 2092/91. Many customers are interested in where their food comes from. The origin of ingredients might change, therefore it is up to the operator if they want to print information on the package or would like to inform in other ways.
Labelling claims, processed products - US NOP 2002
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The term, "organic," may only be used on labels and in labelling of raw or processed agricultural products, including ingredients, that have been produced and handled in accordance with the NOP rules. There are provisions for multi-ingredient products containing 100%, minimum 95%, minimum 70% and less than 70% organic ingredients. Only the term "organic" is defined, derivatives or other terms giving the impression that a product is organic are not covered by the regulation.
Use of organic: both EU and US require compliance with the EU Regulation 2092/91 in order to label products organic. However, US specifies that the term organic may not be used in a product name to modify a non-organic ingredient in the product. This is not addressed by EU. US allows the word organic to be used in the ingredient list of products containing less than 70% organic ingredients without certification of the handling operation; EU does not. US contains regulations for the labelling of 100% organic products; EU does not. The definition for 95%-organic products also refers to non-agricultural ingredients whereas the EU only refers to agricultural ingredients. US allows products for export to be labelled according to the foreign national organic standard. EU does not. The intent of these sections is to ensure that organically produced agricultural products and ingredients are consistently labelled to aid consumers in selection of organic products and to prevent labelling abuses. These provisions cover the labelling of a product as organic and are not intended to supersede other labelling requirements specified in other Federal labeling regulations. Further justifications for the labelling provisions are described in the attached extract of the NOP "Entire Standards".
Labelling claims, processed products, food additives - SE KRAV 2006
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Food additives should be described by name and not only number in the ingredients panel (KRAV standards paragraph 2.13.13).
This is not required by EU Regulation 2092/91. It is important to give the most possible information to the consumer.
Labelling claims, production places - SE KRAV 2006
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A certified production place (factories, slaughterhouses etc) can not be marked as KRAV certified independent of the products (KRAV standards paragraph 2.14.3).
This is not covered in EU Regulation 2092/91. Production places where both organic and conventional products are processed shall not be able to market the production place itself as organic as it can confuse consumers.
Labelling claims, products derived from the wild - DE Naturland Standards 2005
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Organic products, that have been collected from wild areas, have to be labelled unambiguously as such. (NL standards on production, Part B.IX. Wild grown products 3.)
The NATURLAND standard is more precise. In the EU Regulation 2092/91 no specific labelling instructions for collected wild products are given. To increase transparency and give more information to the consumer.
Labelling claims, shops and supermarkets - SE KRAV 2006
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There are requirements for how a shop or a supermarket can call themselves KRAV authorised. They shall contribute to increased availability of organic products through having a wide range certified products and have a well informed staff. The range of products shall reflect what is available on the market and the objective is that the consumer shall be able to choose organic alternatives from all product groups. The standard also covers repacking of products at the shop or supermarket. (KRAV standards chapter 15).
Standards for shops and supermarkets are not covered in EU Regulation 2092/91. To authorise shops for handling of organic products and for promotion of organic production will increase the knowledge about organic agriculture and the availability of products. With well trained personnel it also increases the security that organic products are handled in the right way and not commingled with other products.
Labelling claims, textile products - CZ KEZ Standards 2005
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Textile fibres and products can be labelled with the indication "Coming from organic farming", packaging has to bear the KEZ logo with following text: IFOAM ACCREDITED. All inputs and processing aids must be specified on the label.
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not cover textile fibre production or its labelling. The standard-setting body could not give a justification.
Labelling of animal products, beef - DE Naturland Standards 2005 Organic beef can only be marketed with reference to NATURLAND, if the animal had been born on an organic farm. (NL standards on production Part A.I.9. Labelling and marketing) The NATURLAND standard has further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. Natureland standards require the cattle to be born on an organic farm. Whereas according to the EU Regulation beef from animals that were born on conventional farms can be marketed as organic after being managed organically for a 12-month conversion period. This is in order to avoid cases of BSE on organic farms.
Labelling of animal products, milk - Demeter International 2005
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The labelling of milk is determined by the certification status of the feed: Milk may only be marketed under the label "In Conversion to Demeter" if the dairy cows are fed from areas of the farm, which have this certification level. Demeter certification of the milk is possible as soon as the feed comes from Demeter certified areas. (DI production standards, 5.7.1. Milk, dairy cows and calves; DI production standards, 5.5.1. Brought in feeds and in conversion feeds)
The DI standard is more complex. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not regulate Demeter specific labelling. The label "In conversion to Demeter" is only given to products, that have full organic certification status already. There is no possibility for animal products to be labelled as in conversion according to the EU Regulation. The quality of the feed influences the quality of the animal product.
Labelling of animal products, pigs - Demeter International 2005
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Piglets of conventional origin that are exceptionally brought into a Demeter farm to start a new herd and after approval by the respective organisation, can be labelled as 'In conversion to Demeter' or 'Biodyn' after a conversion period of 6 months. During the conversion period, they must be managed and fed according to the Demeter standards. (DI production standards, 5.7.4. Pigs; DI production standards, Appendix 7, APP 17)
The DI standard is more complex. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 there is no in conversion labelling for animals and animal products. In both cases piglets can only be brought in for breeding (to start a new herd) and not with the purpose of fattening. According to the EU Regulation those animals could be converted to organic (6 months conversion period). According to Demeter standards they can never reach Demeter status, but can be labelled as "in conversion to Demeter" after the same period. No justification available
Origin of livestock, general requirements - Demeter International 2005
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Brought in animals must come from certified biodynamic or at least organic farms. Brought in organic animals must be converted to Demeter before being marketed with reference to the Demeter trademark. The import of conventional animals for breeding or herd expansion can only be granted in case of rare breeds, to increase herd size, when another complete farm (land and animals) is leased. Animals, that were born on conventional farms can never be marketed with reference to Demeter. This does not apply to goats and pigs, that were brought in for breeding purposes. Bovines of conventional origin can never be marketed as Demeter nor as In conversion to Demeter. (DI production standards, 5.7. Origin of animals, brought in stock and marketing; DI production standards, 5.7.2. Beef cattle for fattening) DI production standards, Appendix 7, APP 15)
The DI standard is more detailed by requiring animals from Demeter origin to be bought in and the conversion of organic animals to Demeter. Demeter quality is not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91. Regarding the possibilities of buying in animals from conventional origin the DI standard is less detailed. To ensure biodynamic quality throughout the whole production chain. To avoid problems with BSE in Demeter products.
Processing, animal feedstuffs - SP CAAE Standards 2001
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Organic standards for processing animal feedstuffs of the Andalusian Committee for Organic Farming (CAAE), from 06/06/2001 (MO-RP-09), have specific requirements regarding ingredients and labelling. It should be indicated if the feedstuffs are made with 100 % organic feed ingredients or only 100 % organic in conversion ingredients. Standards regulate what must be written on the labels.
CAAE Standards for processing animal feedstuffs are specific, whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 is in this area more general. To ensure a better processing of organic animal feedstuffs.
Selling produce, loose weight - SE KRAV 2006
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Selling produce in loose weight in shops and supermarkets can be done from a KRAV labelled box if the packaging or refilling date is clearly stated. Signs with the KRAV mark shall be placed close to the product panel (KRAV standards paragraph 2.13.14 and 2.3.15).
Sales of organic products in shops and supermarkets are not regulated by EU 2092/91. Many organic products are sold in loose weight and it is important that organic products can compete on equal conditions. There is a wish by consumers to reduce the amount of packaging material. It is not possible to request all shops and supermarkets to be certified for handling of organic products.
Standards, restaurants and industrial kitchens - SE KRAV 2006
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The standards for restaurants and industrial kitchens cover the whole or parts of the operations. Restaurants with á la carte menu need to have two approved main courses daily. On a lunch menu there shall at least be one approved course weekly. An approved dish shall have 100% KRAV certified ingredients, if organic ingredients are not available, a conventional ingredient can be used but at least 70% of the dish shall be organic. Only food additives and processing aids allowed by the KRAV standards can be used in a certified main course (includes additives and processing aids in conventional ingredients). Bread, salads, drinks, coffee, tea, ketchup etc shall also be possible to the extent possible. A certified buffet there must be a complete meal of KRAV certified products. A certified breakfast shall contain certified products in several of the type of food served for breakfast (bread, cheese, yoghurt, marmalade, breakfast cereals, fruits, vegetables, eggs etc). A certified café shall have KRAV certified coffee, tea, milk, sugar, fruit drinks, sandwiches, cakes and fruit if these products are served. There is also standards for handling of organic products so that no commingling with conventional products occur or contamination from cleaning. There are also standards for the labelling of dishes and statements about organic ingredients shall be made so consumers are sure which ingredients/ dishes are organic. (KRAV standards chapter 16).
EU Regulation 2092/91 does not have any specific standards for restaurants or industrial kitchens. More and more food is consumed outside of homes. There is an interest both by consumers and by restaurants and other industrial kitchens to eat or serve organic food. The KRAV standards are relatively open and are set with the argument to make it possible for several to start to serve organic food. Labelling has to be clear so that consumers are well informed. In the EU there are different interpretations in different Member States if restaurants are covered or not.