Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • General areas of Organic Agriculture
      • Production cycle
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, origin - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005 Minimum proportions of fibrous, home-produced, in-conversion, and organic feedstuffs are specified for livestock feed rations. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 10.13.13 and 10.13.15. The Soil Association standards contain further restrictions to the EU Regulation 2092/91. The EU Regulation requires at least 50% of feed for herbivores to be produced on the farm unit or on linked farms. The Soil Association standards require this proportion to be 60%, and they set a minimum proportion of 50% of feed for non-herbivores to be produced on the farm unit or on linked farms to be effective from 1st January 2011. Soil Association standards are intended to conserve energy resources by reducing feed transport and to encourage producers to design their organic holdings or groups of holdings as whole farm systems with relatively closed production cycles, minimising inputs and so conserving resources for sustainable best practice.
Fertilizer, intensity and import - Demeter International 2005
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The import of commercial organic manures is limited to the amount, that could be supplied by compost, green manure and stable manure and must not exceed 0,5 manure units/ ha (40 kg N/ha). This is not applicable to perennial crops. (DI production standards, 3.2.1.Amount of manure)
The DI standard is limiting the amount of commercial organic manures brought in. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specifically limit the amount of commercial organic manures brought in, it only limits the total amount of farm yard manure that can be applied. The production should be based on the individual (natural and cultural) conditions of the site. It should not depend on the input of nutrients from elsewhere. This aspect refers to the principle of a circular flow economic system of organic farming and to the biodynamic principle of the individuality of a farm.
Origin of livestock, replacements - UK Compendium 2005 In a derogation from the rule that all livestock must have been organically managed throughout their lives, where appropriate organic livestock are unavailable, a limited proportion of non-organic animals may, with inspection body authorisation, be bought-in for herd/flock growth or renewal. The products of these animals must be subject to the rules for organic conversion with some stated modifications. UK Compendium Standards contain further restrictions on replacement stock compared to EU Regulation 2092/91. EU Regulation allows 20% per year of the existing herd number of pigs, sheep and goats to be brought in as adult, non-organic livestock for conversion, where organic animals are unavailable. UK Compendium allows only a 10% per year figure for all livestock, except the 20% per year permitted for sheep. Before their products may be sold as organic, UK Compendium requires such animals to remain in organic management for a full period of conversion as specified in UK Compendium, Paragraph 2.2.1. (see UK Compendium Difference "Conversion of livestock - organic status of livestock products"), with a slight modification for milk from dairy animals. In UK Compendium, the increased regulation of the purchase of non-organic pigs and goats helps to maintain herd or flock biosecurity. The cross reference to the rules in UK Compendium, Paragraph 2.2.1. aims to eliminate any possible consumer health risks that might arise from non-organic livestock management by ensuring that organic meat animals have been in organic management since birth, and even during their gestation.
Plant cultivation, use of soil culture - CH Bio Suisse Standards 2005
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Any hydorponics or soil independent (soil-less) production is prohibited.
The Bio Suisse standard has further restrictions. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not prohibit any hydroponic or soil independent production as Bio Suisse does. BIO SUISSE considers the soil as important medium for sound organic agriculture. Hydroponic systems are artificial systems independent from the soil, which therefore do not correspond with the basic principles of organic farming.