Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by Subjects

  • Subject Areas
    • General areas of Organic Agriculture
      • Principles
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Fertilization, biodynamic preparations - Demeter International 2005
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The biodynamic preparations should be made on the farm itself and applied regularly in manures and compost and on the whole farm area. (DI production standards, 1. Principles; DI production standards, 4. Biodynamic Preparations)
There is no requirement about the preparation or application of the biodynamic preparations in the EU Regulation 2092/91. It is stated however, that these preparations can be used for the activation of compost. The use of the biodynamic preparations is an indispensable aspect of the biodynamic method. The fabrication of the preparations on the farm itself and with ingredients collected from the farm will strengthen the development of an individuality of the farm organism and help the consciousness and understanding of the connections in nature by the farmer.
Harvesting and processing - DE Bioland Standards 2005
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The high nutritional quality of the products should be considered and preserved while harvesting and processing the products. (Bioland production standards, 5.1.6 Harvesting and Preparation; Bioland production standards, 5.2.5 Preparation (herb cultivation)
The scope of the BIOLAND standards have requirements to preserve nutritional quality of produce at harvesting and processing. The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not refer to the nutritional quality of the products. To preserve and ensure the high quality of BIOLAND agricultural products throughout the whole production chain.
Plant cultivation, use of soil culture - CH Bio Suisse Standards 2005
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Any hydorponics or soil independent (soil-less) production is prohibited.
The Bio Suisse standard has further restrictions. EU Regulation 2092/91 does not prohibit any hydroponic or soil independent production as Bio Suisse does. BIO SUISSE considers the soil as important medium for sound organic agriculture. Hydroponic systems are artificial systems independent from the soil, which therefore do not correspond with the basic principles of organic farming.
Principles of organic agriculture - SP CRAE 2002
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The Regulatory Council for Organic Farming in the Canarian Island (CRAE) has defined organic principles including an Agroecology definition. The scientific fundaments of organic farming is the agroecology, an integrated science that takes care of the study of agriculture from a holistic perspective: considering not only the technical or agronomic aspect, but also other dimensions: 2.) the societal 3) economic and 4.) environmental one. The aims of the agroecology are: to achieve that the agrarian activity is sustainable (able to maintain indefinitely in the time and by its own means, with the minimum of external support), from anyone of the four considered points of view. It can be download from the webpage: in spanish
CRAE have further defined organic principles within the EU Regulation 2092/91. The text is defining the agroecology as a fundament of organic agriculture considering social aspects, not included in the EU Regulation. To include an holistic perspective in organic farming.
Principles of organic agriculture - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
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The principles of organic farming are introduced and explained. Soil Association standards include a subsection dedicated to the principles of organic production. Here, it is explained that the organic approach applies to the whole system of farming and food production, and the text includes a comprehensive set of principles, which are divided into the four categories of Agricultural, Environmental, Food Processing and Social. Soil Association standards also include a subsection dedicated to further explanation of the principles of organic food processing. Here, they explain that organic foods are wholesome, authentic, unadulterated, and of high quality. These terms are defined, and additional principles are explained, such as environmental conservation at the processing site and environmental responsibility regarding packaging and transport. (Soil Association Organic Standards. Subsection 1.2.)
Soil Association standards contain sets of principles not included in EU Regulation 2092/91. EU Regulation includes some fragmented explanations of principles of organic farming and food production but not in a dedicated section and not so clear and complete. Organic principles show the values involved and the reasons why the standards have been written. This is to communicate to producers and processors what should be the basic aims of their involvement with organic food and farming. The categorisation of the principles of production show that they are based on practical considerations.
Principles of organic agriculture, sustainability - Nature et Progrès Standards 2002 The stakeholders in organic agriculture engage themselves to progress on environmental, social and economical aims. Nature et Progrès standards require that the stakeholders work to improve their practices on environmental, social and economical topics, but EU Regulation 2092/91 does not include such a preamble with such principles. Organic production is not only the respect of technical practices but also a global ecological approach of one's activity, including environnemental, social and economical aims such as preservation of wild and cultivated biodiversity, limitation of energy consumption, use of recyclable materials, promotion of fair trade and relationships, etc.
Principles of organic agriculture, understanding nature - Demeter International 2005
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People working in agriculture (farmers) should constantly strive after an understanding of the connections in nature using observation, thinking and perception. (DI production standards, 1.principles, paragraph 4)
DI standards contain recommendations regarding the attitude of organic farmers, but there is no mention of farmers attitudes or levels of understanding contained in the EU Regulation 2092/91. Biodynamic work requires that one is strongly connected with the essential nature of the Biodynamic method, its principles and aims. To this end it is necessary to live into the natural processes using observation, thinking and perception.